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ELT + IT: CALL for a Balance by Michael Krauss
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ELT + IT: CALL for a Balance by Michael Krauss


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Plenary presentation in Lima and Cuzco, Peru March 2012. Presented as part of ELSpecialist visit sponsored by U.S D.O.S. and U.S. Embassy, English Language Office, Lima Peru.

Plenary presentation in Lima and Cuzco, Peru March 2012. Presented as part of ELSpecialist visit sponsored by U.S D.O.S. and U.S. Embassy, English Language Office, Lima Peru.

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  • 1. ELT + IT: CALL for a BalanceHappiness is not a matter of intensity but of balance, order, rhythm and harmony. Thomas Merton
  • 2. Special Thanks !n  David Fay and Marcella Raffon  Victor Hugo Rojasn  Emma Martinezn  Arturo Fieldn  Participants working with men  Conference organizers and helpersn  All of you attending
  • 3. 10 Questions to Consider1. Who are the digital natives and are they getting restless?2. How does ELT + IT help ELLs attain 21st century literacy?3. How does ELT + IT improve language learning?4. What are some of the pitfalls of ELT + IT?5. Are there any “angels” to help us with ELT + IT? 3
  • 4. 10 Questions to Consider6. How can teachers prepare for ELT + IT?7. Do our D.N students really need our IT guidance?8. What is the teacher’s role in the ELT + IT classroom?9. What really makes a successful ELT?10. What can you take away from thispresentation? 4
  • 5. Who are the digital natives? Joe Morelock – Canby, Oregon School District 5
  • 6. Who are the digital natives?n  Coined by Mark Prensky, 2001n  People born into technology (after 1980)n  How many of you are digital natives? –  Never used a typewriter –  Don’t understand “dial” the phone –  Don’t check your watch for the time –  Spent 5K hrs reading but 10K hrs video games by college graduation 6
  • 7. Who are the digital immigrants? •  Me! •  1987 – My Mac Plus. •  No hard drive. Save work on 800 kb disk. •  This PPT slide would fill the disk. Cost = $2,500 !! 7
  • 8. Who are the digital immigrants?n  D.I. have adopted technology but retain an immigrant accent (one foot in the past). –  Wear wristwatches (to tell time, not just for fashion) –  Remember waiting for photos to be “developed” –  Usually print out documents to proofread them –  Still buy CDs for some of our music! –  Can picture a mimeograph machine! 8
  • 9. Digital Dinosaurs Among Us? 9
  • 10. Why are D.N.s getting restless?n  DI assumptions about learning don’t match DN assumptions.n  DNs can’t use their digital information tools in the classroom.n  DNs don’t feel the classroom experience prepares them for global environment. 10
  • 11. Restless Digital Natives?MichaelWesch A Vision of Students Today 11
  • 12. Questions to consider:n  Do the students in the video remind you of your students? Why? Why not?n  DoDNs really learn differently? Can DNs actually multitask efficiently?n  Shouldthe DN students learn the old ways or should their DI teachers learn the new? Is there any middle ground? 12
  • 13. What skills must ELLs possess?n  21stcentury literacy skills (Warschauer) – Academic Literacy - competencies related to academic work. – Not new to us » Summarizing » Critical Reading » Researching 13
  • 14. What skills must ELLs possess?n  21st century literacy skills (Warschauer) –  Digital Literacy - Competencies related to creation and use of digital materials » Computer Literacy » Information Literacy » Multimedia Literacy » Computer Mediated Communication Literacy 14
  • 15. Why do our students need to attain this new literacy? "The need for technologically literate workers increases every year . . . “ Learning for the 21st Century, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2003, p.10-11 15
  • 16. Is there another reason? In our Information Age twenty-first century society, knowledge is the coin of the realm and the ability to think critically is a prerequisite for democratic participation. Presidents Humala and Obama Cummins, Brown and Sayers: Literacy,Technology, Edgar Becerra and Diversity. 2007, p. vi 16
  • 17. And yet another? n  National borders becoming less important n  Globalization allows access to playing field n  More opportunities but more competition n  Digitally literate citizens will have the edge! 17
  • 18. How does ELT + IT improve language learning? n  Authenticity (unlimited access to authentic materials, communication and publishing) n  Literacy (read, write, communicate, research & publish on Internet = 21st century literacy) n  Interaction (key to acquiring fluency; Internet provides stimulus and opportunity) n  Vitality (flexible, modern medium; provides opportunity for meaningful, relevant work) n  Empowerment (mastery allows teachers and students to become lifelong learners). Internet for English Teaching, Warschauer, Shetzer & Meloni, TESOL, 2000. 18
  • 19. What is Web 2.0? How is it used in ELT? 19
  • 20. Web 2.0 supports the 21st century model Warschauer in The Death of Cyberspace and the Rebirth of CALL 20
  • 21. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? 21
  • 22. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT?n  Time, time, time – Learning new tools/techniques – Keeping up with changes – Technology addiction 22
  • 23. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT?David Pogue, New York Times, Feb 15, 2012writes: “OMG! Did you see Brad Pitt’s post on Digglr lastnight?” “No, I was too busy cruising Whatdid he say?” “OMG, it was all over Regurgtatr!” Have you ever had the sinking feeling that theonline world is moving so fast that you’ll never 23catch up?
  • 24. Every year, there’s another hot new online service,another drain into which to pour your time. Question: Once you’re on Facebook and Twitter andFoursquare and Google Plus and Tumblr andLinkedIn and Instagram and Reddit and Path —when, exactly, do you have time left over for a life? Well, never mind. Incredibly, yet another free sitehas become white-hot popular, because it’s found yetanother purpose not quite served by anyone else . . . social-media-site.html?_r=1&nl=technology&emc=cta2 24
  • 25. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Are you drowning in information? 25
  • 26. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Are you getting “blurry-eyed?” 26
  • 27. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Internet Safety 27
  • 28. What about the pitfalls of ELT + IT? Constant use of personal devices? 28
  • 29. Pitfall - Peru’s Digital Dividen  Lack of connectivityn  Lack of teacher trainingn  Lack of teacher networking 29
  • 30. Are there any “Angels” to help us? 30
  • 31. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Mavens) 31
  • 32. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Mavens) 32
  • 33. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Web Sites) 33
  • 34. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Web Sites) 34
  • 35. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Tools) 35
  • 36. Are there any “Angels” to help us? (Tools) 36
  • 37. Can you tell me about more “angel” resources? You will find them here: 37
  • 38. How can teachers prepare for ELT + IT? n  Self-education –  Get familiar with the TESOL technology standards + vignettes –  Subscribe to CALL-IS VSL (Virtual Software List) –  Subscribe to blogs/sites by Stannard, Peachey, Ferlazzo –  Join social networks like Classroom 2.0 and EFL 2.0 –  Attend professional conferences!
  • 39. How can teachers prepare for ELT + IT?Get professional development that allows youto:u  Explore, reflect, collaborate with peersu  Work on authentic learning tasksu  Engage in hands-on, active learning. Cradler, J. (2002-2003). Effective Integration. Learning and Leading with Technology 30 (4) 49-56. Available online at: 39
  • 40. TESOL EVO Sessions 2012 (free and need not be TESOL member)• Becoming a Webhead • TESOL-Drama • Digital Storytelling-Young Ls • Digital Tools with a Purpose • PLEs and PLNs • Gamification 40
  • 41. E-Teacher Online Courses 41
  • 42. Exploring Web 2.0 Online Course 42
  • 43. Do DN students really need IT guidance? 43
  • 44. An ELL without ELT guidance: Mayday! Mayday! Mayday! 44
  • 45. Do DN students really need guidance?The fastest drivers do not always arrive safely at their destination.The same can be said for DN drivers navigating the digital superhighway.Being a DI does not mean being Digitally Ignorant 45
  • 46. Do DN students really need guidance? 46
  • 47. What is the role of the teacher in IT + ELT? n  Net is a treasure trove of resources n  Net provides unparalleled ability to collaborate n  BUT Net use can be non- productive n  AND universal access does not guarantee success n  Teachers are the critical link! 47
  • 48. What is the role of the teacher in IT + ELT? The Player-Coach 48
  • 49. The Player Coachn  Leads the team but also participatesn  Has the same stake in success as the playersn  Applies expertise in setting goals and objectivesn  Designs meaningful practice to support improvementn  Knows the strengths and weaknesses of the playersn  Strives to motivate all playersn  Assesses performance and gives constructive advicen  Establishes an emotional bond with the players 49
  • 50. What Makes a Successful ELT?n  Inspirationn  Enthusiasmn  Professional competencen  Attention to affective development of studentn  Tolerance, patience, warmth, sensibility and open- mindedness ROBINETT, B.W. (1977): «Characteristics of an Effective Second Language Teacher» in M. BuRT, H. DULAY and M. FINOCCHIARO (eds.) (1977): Viewpoints on English as a Second Language. New York: Regents Publishing Co. 50
  • 51. “A Tech-Happy Professor Reboots AfterHearing His Teaching Advice Isn’t Working n  “I implemented your idea, and it just didn’t work. The students thought it was chaos.” (Wesch colleague) n  “It doesn’t matter what method you use. . . you must focus on . . . the bond between teacher and student.” (Wesch) Michael Wesch 51
  • 52. 52
  • 53. Final Takeaways for ELT + ITn  Technology is our ally, but not a silver bullet!n  Technology can make a good teacher better, but cannot make a bad teacher good!n  Every old technology was once new. New is not necessarily good. Old is not necessarily bad.n  Beware, computers can serve as “digital cocaine” both for digital natives and digital immigrants.n  As my wife always tells me, “Everything in moderation. Strive for balance in your life.” 53
  • 54. Use IT wisely! Enjoy your teaching! Enjoy your families and friends! 54