Think Design and Sustainability

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Some slides about think design, cradle to cradle and some other concepts to develop a sustainable design.

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Think Design and Sustainability

  1. THINK DESIGN and SUSTAINABILITY Mireia  Cebrian   http://blog.mireiacebrian.com/ mireia.cebrian.m@gmail.com www.mireiacebrian.com3/2/12
  2. o  Introduction o THINK DESIGN   o SUSTAINABLE DESIGN   o  SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING   o  SMART DESIGN3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 2
  3. THINK  DESIGN  
  4. THINK DESIGNSystems thinkingThere are no independents events; everything is connected.A system is an interconnected set of elements that is coherently organized in a way thatachives something.System must consist of three kinds of things: Elements, Interconnections, function or purpose. www.mireiacebrian.com
  5. THINK DESIGN What is Think design?3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 5
  6. THINK DESIGN Think design Methology which the creativity is the center of the investigation, and rejects the sketch of mechanical thought and the prestablished logical proces. Design thinking to face the challenges.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 6
  7. THINK DESIGN What is Think design?3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 7
  8. SUSTAINABLE  DESIGN  
  9. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN What is Sustainability? Sus · tain · a · ble, adjective 1.  Of, relating to, or designating forms of human economic activity and culture that do not lead to environmental degradation, esp. avoiding the long term depletion of natural resources. 2.  Utilization and development of natural resources in ways which are compatible with the maintenance of these resource, and with the conservation of the environment, for future generations.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 9
  10. SUSTAINABILITY http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=WjpzNfi2H9I Sustainable design +3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 10
  11. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry a tool for innovation Natural capitalism Indicators and Metrics Modules http://dispar.wordpress.com/tag/cradle-to-cradle/3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 11
  12. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry “Imagine a world where nothing you use is ever thrown away” By William Mc Donaugh and Michael Braungart Proposed that products should be designed so that after their useful lives are over they can provide “nourishment” for something new. a tool for innovation Natural capitalism Indicators and Metrics Modules3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 12
  13. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry “Imagine a world where nothing you use is ever thrown away” By William Mc Donaugh and Michael Braungart Proposed that products should be designed so that after their useful lives are over they can provide “nourishment” for something new. a tool for innovation Every product is made to be broken apart and completely recycled. Zero waste suggests that the entire concept of waste should be eliminated. Instead, waste should be thought of as a “residual (must be returned somewhere: be it repair shop, a backyard compost Natural capitalism heap, a curbside recycling bin, or the factory that made it) product” or simply a “potential resource” to counter our basic acceptance of waste as a normal course of events. Opportunities such as reduced costs, increased profits, and reduced environmental impacts are found when returning these Indicators and Metrics Modules “residual products” or “resources” as food to either natural and industrial systems.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 13
  14. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry “Imagine a world where nothing you use is ever thrown away” By William Mc Donaugh and Michael Braungart Proposed that products should be designed so that after their useful lives are over they can provide “nourishment” for something new. a tool for innovation W-Z Every product is made to be broken apart and completely recycled. (must be returned somewhere: be it repair shop, a backyard compost Natural capitalism heap, a curbside recycling bin, or the factory that made it) RC Systems for taking back products. Indicators and Metrics Modules Breaking them down. Recycling and/or salvaging their parts. Getting them to the appropriate manufacturer for reuse3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 14
  15. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol DOWNCYCLING UPCYCLING Biomimicry a tool for innovation Natural capitalism Indicators and Metrics Modules http://www.centrodeinnovacionbbva.com/contents/2493-cradle-to-cradle-el-plastico-puede-ser-mas-ecologico-que-el-papel http://www.trunity.net/upcycling/articles/view/139841/?topic=162123/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 15
  16. Cradle to Cradle Knife Toginon http://cocolico.info/design/toginon-knives-ecofriendly -  A Japanese knife company Shimizu has a great idea. -  Its Toginon knives are branded “ecofriend kitchen knives”, not much because they are manufactured with recyclable materials, but because customers ‘rent’ it.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 16
  17. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry From “Bios”, meaning life, and “mimesis”, meaning to imitate “Biomimicry is the conscious emulation of life’s genius and innovation inspired a tool for innovation by nature” Janine Benyus – author of Biomimicry Natural capitalism Biomimicry imitates or takes inspiration from natural models to create designs that solve human problems. Indicators and Metrics Modules3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 17
  18. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN recycles everything fits form to function curbs excesses from within runs on sunlightuses only the energy it needs banks on diversity taps the power of limits demand local expertise rewards cooperation 3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 18
  19. BIOMIMICRY Forms to functions3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 19
  20. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry a tool for innovation Natural capitalism Indicators and Metrics Modules3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 20
  21. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry a tool for innovation Natural capitalism Indicators and Metrics Modules Introduce the idea that we are entering a new phase of industrialism, characterized by the loss of living systems, emerging scarcity, and the need to begin valuing natural capital. Approaches enhance human well-being and enable the biosphere to produce more wealth from its intact communities and abundant ecosystem services and natural resources.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 21
  22. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Cradle to Cradle Protocol WASTE-ZERO SOCIETY REVERSE SUPPLY CHAINS Biomimicry a tool for innovation Natural capitalism Indicators and Metrics Modules http://www.sustainablepackaging.org/3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 22
  23. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules MATERIAL USE3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 23
  24. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules WATER USE3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 24
  25. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules ENERGY USE3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 25
  26. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules MATERIAL HEALTH3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 26
  27. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules CLEAN PRODUCTION And TRANSPORT3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 27
  28. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules COST and PERFORMANCE3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 28
  29. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules COMMUNITY IMPACT3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 29
  30. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN How to do Sdesign? Indicators and Metrics Modules WORKER IMPACThttp://www.sustainablepackaging.org/ 3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 30
  31. SUSTAINABLE  PACKAGING  
  32. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING Good Packaging… …HAS IMPROVED PEOPLE’s LIFES… Packaging as we know it today has a rather short history. It is only in the past 100 years that we started to use prepackaged goods on larger scale. World hunger is a huge problem, and it mostly occurs in areas of the world where packaging is less developed. Packaging can solve some problems but it also generates new problems. Creating packaging wastes and destroys valuable resources, energy and material. Packaging pollutes the world.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 32
  33. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING What is a Spackaging? DEFINITION Is safe and healthy for individuals and communities throughout its life cycle. Meets market criteria for performance and cost. Use renewable energy (transport, manufacture) Optimize the use of renewable or recycled source materials. Is manufactured using clean production technologies and best practices. Is made from materials healthy in all probable end-of-life scenarios. Is physically designed to optimize materials and energy Is effectively recovered and utilized in biological and/or industrial closed loop cycles. http://www.sustainablepackaging.org/3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 33
  34. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING How to do Spackaging? So, how does sustainable design work in practice? http://www.violadesign.com.au/sustainability/design-nature-guide - Devise the best format to deliver your message, with the least amount of resources, by asking: • Is the design appropriate for the final product? • Is there a better way to design this using fewer materials? • Can we use recycled materials? • What is required to produce this design? • How much energy will it eat? Pollution? Hazardous waste? • Is the product reusable? • If it isn’t reusable is it recyclable? • Is it easy to recycle? http://www.sustainablepackaging.org/3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 34
  35. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING Certifications and Environmental Labeling Once you become familiar with the most common eco-labels and certifications, it is easy to investigate which systems most closely fit the criteria that you and your client are targeting. ISO is a non-governmental organization made up of a network of the national standards institutes of 157 countries, which all participates in the development of international market-driven standards for industry. ISO 9001 and 14001 are quality and environmental management standards that a company may choose to adopt. ISOO 9001 means that the organization in question has committed to enhance customer satisfaction by meeting customer and applicable regulatory requirements. ISO 14001 is a family of certifications that mean that the organization or company is committed to minimizing the harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities and continually improving its environmental performance. www.iso.org3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 35
  36. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING Certifications and Environmental Labeling Chlorine Free Products Association (CFPA) is a certification program for companies that produce chlorine free products. A product bearing the Totally Chlorine Free (TCF) or Processed Chlorine Free (PCF) emblem is subject to ongoing testing, inspection, and enforcement. www.chlorinefreeproducts.org Processed Chlorine Free (PCF) seal is reserved for paper that includes recycled fibers that meet Environmental Protection Agency guidelines for recycled or postconsumer content and have not been rebleached with chlorine containing compounds. Minimum of 30 percent postconsumers content is required. EMAS, the European Union Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a management tool for companies and other organizations to evaluate, report, and improve their environmental performance. www.ec.europa.eu/environment/emas3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 36
  37. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING Certifications and Environmental Labeling Green e logo identifies products made by companies that purchase certified renewable energy to offset a portion or all of their electricity use. Renewable energy types include but are not limited to win power, solar power, low impact hydropower, and biomass. www.gree-e.org. Green Seal is and independent nonprofit organization dedicated to safeguarding the enviorement and transforming the marketplace by promoting manufacture, purchashe, adn use of environmentally responsible products and services. www.greenseal.org FSC, Forest Steward Council, is a nonprofit international organization which promotes the responsible forest management. www.fsc.org3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 37
  38. Examples  
  39. Paper bottles - The 360 Paper Bottle is a sustainable vision of the future. - Totally recyclable paper container made from 100% renewable resources. - Made from food-safe and fully recyclable materials. - Decreases energy consumed throughout the product life cycle without sacrificing functionality. -  It is paper packaging that stands up to all liquid categories.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 39
  40. Plastic bottles - Eco Coke Bottle - http://electrictreehouse.com/redisigning-the-plastic-bottle/ - Popular science suggests that it takes a plastic water bottle 450 to 1000 years to completely biodegrade. - Product design student of came up with the redesigned plastic bottles - Redesign the way they package and transport their products in order to reduce the carbon footprint.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 40
  41. Package - Light Bulb Package http://packaginguqam.blogspot.com/2010/08/50-watts-jolin-masson-st-onge.html -  Design student designed this packaging concept for halogen light bulbs. -  It is made from one piece of recycled paper -  without glue or printed ink since the design is created with an embossed points.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 41
  42. NAU signae - Sustainable materials in situations that demand that design solution have much longuer LIFESPAN.: - Natural sandstone from local quarry. - Durable porcelain (eliminate de the need for frequent repairs and replacements) - Recyclable acrylic. - Mechanical hardware instead instead of adhesives (wherever possible)3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 42
  43. Chair Think is an ergonomic and environmentally friendly task chair. Cradle to cradle3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 43
  44. Shoes http://blog.craftzine.com/archive/2009/12/7_eco-innovations_that_are_cha.html An offshoot of that is Patagonias groundbreaking Sugar & Spice shoe, which uses minimal glues and can be pulled apart easily for potential recycling. Upcycling3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 44
  45. SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING Conclusion - Think design includes sustainability. -  Packaging can solve some problems but it also generates new problems. -  Cradle to Cradle promotes a new way to design systems to reduce this problems. - Consider the natural capital as a high value and cost of the natural resources. - To use a propose of metrics to evaluate previously the sustainability of our products. -  Sustainability production it will not be easy but it is a necessity.3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 45
  46. To becontinued…. SMART  DESIGN  ThanksAbout :http://blog.mireiacebrian.com/mireia.cebrian.m@gmail.com www.mireiacebrian.com
  47. Books Alex Steffen , Executive Editor of Worldchanging.com after he co-founded the organization in 2003 until it closed in 2010. WorldChanging, a user’s guide for the 21st century; Abramsbook. Aaris Sheris, Theacher and designer , Magíster by the Rochester Institute of Technology de Nueva York. Sustainable, a handbook of materials and applications for graphic designers and their clients. Edited by Rockport. Internet o http://www.twotwelve.com/ o http://sustainabilityworkshop.autodesk.com/ o http://www.sustainablepackaging.org/ o http://www.sutmundo.com/cradle-to-cradle-design/ Video: o http://vimeo.com/27058468 o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hm0aiOH6H94&feature=related o http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=WjpzNfi2H9I About : http://blog.mireiacebrian.com/ mireia.cebrian.m@gmail.com3/2/12 www.mireiacebrian.com 47

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