Opium Wars Commonly known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, the peak of trade disputes (arguments) between China (under the Qing Dynasty rule) and the British Empire after China attempted to redirect British Opium Traffickers. This war consisted of 2 wars consolidated into one name; The First Opium War (1839-1842) and The Second Opium War (1856-1860) In the early 19th century, Great Britain began importing opium, processed from poppy plants grown in the Crown Colony of India, into China. Chinese officials attempted to ban the importation of the highly addictive opium, but ultimately failed. The British declared war on China in a series of conflicts called the Opium Wars. Superior British military technology allowed them to claim victory and subject the Chinese to a series of unequal treaties.
Unequal Treaties: A treaty forced upon a country being dominated by another during Imperialism. These treaties often gave the imperialistic nation the ability to do whatever they needed to do in pursuit of profit.
Extraterritoriality: A policy that guaranteed European citizens in China were only subject to the laws of their own nation and could only be tried by their own courts.
Taiping Rebellion: (1850-1864) A revolt by the people of China against the ruling Manchu Dynasty because of their failure to deal effectively with the opium problem and the interference of foreigners.
Open Door Policy: A policy of the United States that stated China should be open to all nations that which to trade with them. This policy did not include the consent of the Chinese, and was another form of imperialism.
Boxer Uprising: (1900) A rebellion by the people of China to end foreign domination
Sun Yixian: (1866-1925) Chinese nationalist leader who fought to end foreign domination. He formed the Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party, which overthrew the Manchu Dynasty and established a republican form of government in its place. Also known as Sun Yat-sen.
Balance of Trade: the difference between the export earnings and import payments of all goods or merchandise trade transacted by a country
Surplus: excess: a quantity much larger than is needed
Homogeneous Society: A homogeneous society is such a society where most of the people share the same type of cultures values, language, ethnicity and religious system