Axel Marx – Research Manager – Senior Researcheraxel.marx@ggs.kuleuven.be
Networks for Prosperity InitiativeDevelopment is increasingly about learning -> Knowledge management-> Networks are crucia...
Networks for Prosperity InitiativeObserve the emergence of a profound new form of governance =>network governance=> Non-hi...
Networks for Prosperity InitiativeNetwork governance – some characteristics (Lobel)(1) increased participation of non-stat...
Networks for Prosperity InitiativeMartinez-Diaz and Woods (2009)1.agenda-setting2.consensus building3.policy coordination4...
Networks forProsperity:Achieving DevelopmentGoals ThroughKnowledge SharingNetworks for Prosperity Initiative
Networks for Prosperity Initiative
Networks for Prosperity InitiativeKnowledge without Frontiers: internationalnetworks1 Cases from Cuba and Viet Nam.2 Regio...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Networks forProsperityConnecting DevelopmentKnowledge...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Case StudiesJorge Rodríguez Vives on competitiveness ...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015EssaysJacint Jordana on the proliferation of regulato...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015EssaysOrly Lobel reflecting on how to manage knowledg...
Networks for Prosperity InitiativeConnectedness IndexAim: Capture the degree to which countries are networked andanalyze v...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Measuring Connectedness: levels and componentsEach co...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness Index 2012
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Variation in the connectedness sub-indices
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness Index 2012 – Main ResultsSwitzerland, S...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness and development measures
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness and development measures
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness and development measuresThe graphs show...
Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015ConclusionsEstablish the foundations for a research p...
Presentation Mr. Axel Marx
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Presentation Mr. Axel Marx

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Networks for Prosperity, Preparatory Meeting High-Level Conference of Middle-Income Countries, Monday, 10 June 2013.

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Presentation Mr. Axel Marx

  1. 1. Axel Marx – Research Manager – Senior Researcheraxel.marx@ggs.kuleuven.be
  2. 2. Networks for Prosperity InitiativeDevelopment is increasingly about learning -> Knowledge management-> Networks are crucial for learning/knowledge management• Networks differ significantly in design and their capability to manageand create knowledge and facilitate learning.•Different types of networks exist, and some are more instrumental inthe context of learning, information exchange and knowledge creation.Origin – Importance of Knowledge in Development
  3. 3. Networks for Prosperity InitiativeObserve the emergence of a profound new form of governance =>network governance=> Non-hierarchical coordination of policy actionbetween actors=> Distinct from governing by hierarchies (states) and markets (Börzel,Williamson; Powell; Torfing; Scharpf; Slaughter; Woods).Renate Mayntz (1993): “the notion of ‘policy networks’ does not so muchrepresent a new analytical perspective but rather signals a real changein the structure of the polity.”Origin – The Emergence of Network Governance
  4. 4. Networks for Prosperity InitiativeNetwork governance – some characteristics (Lobel)(1) increased participation of non-state (private) actors in public policy makingand provision due to their knowledge and expert capabilities and efficiency.(2) adaptability and constant learning. Given the nature of a highly dynamicpolicy environment with increasingly new complex policy challenges governancerequires adaptability and constant learning, recognizing the constant requirementto adapt to change. Systems/networks to facilitate this form of learning areincreasingly developedOrigin – Network Governance
  5. 5. Networks for Prosperity InitiativeMartinez-Diaz and Woods (2009)1.agenda-setting2.consensus building3.policy coordination4.knowledge production and exchange5.norm-setting and diffusionSlaughter (2004)•Information networks => exchange of information and knowledge.•Enforcement networks => enhancing cooperation among nationalregulators to enforce existing rules• Harmonization networks (trade agreements) =>harmonizing regulatorystandards such as product-safety standards with the aim of abolishingtechnical barriers to trade.Origin – Functions of Networks
  6. 6. Networks forProsperity:Achieving DevelopmentGoals ThroughKnowledge SharingNetworks for Prosperity Initiative
  7. 7. Networks for Prosperity Initiative
  8. 8. Networks for Prosperity InitiativeKnowledge without Frontiers: internationalnetworks1 Cases from Cuba and Viet Nam.2 Regional networks like ERIA, Red Mercosur andNEPAD3 UNIDO supported networks like AfrIPAnet & CAMIFrom Dialogue to Collaboration: inter-organizational networksCases of public-private sector networking from Bolivia,Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia,Panama, Peru, Serbia.The Knowledge Organization: intra-organizationalnetworks1 Cases from Egypt, El Salvador and Turkey.2 UN Teamworks social networkPositive experiences•Costa Rica’s medical devicescluster is achieving better thanaverage knowledge spillovers•Panama’s Ciudad de Saber ispioneering a knowledgeeconomy•Improved public-privatedialogue in Ethiopia and Serbia•Innovation in Bolivia’s sugarsupply chain•Technology transfer in shoes,pisco and gastronomy in Peru•Securing public procurementsuccess for SMEs in RepublicaDominicana;
  9. 9. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Networks forProsperityConnecting DevelopmentKnowledge Beyond 2015www.Networks4Prosperity.org
  10. 10. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Case StudiesJorge Rodríguez Vives on competitiveness councils in Costa RicaJohan Adriaensen on the importance of inter-organisational networks in tradepolicyAriane Corradi on the importance of network managers in incubators (businessdevelopment centres)Thomas Vogel and Petra Koppensteiner provide a perspective from civilsociety on a project (HORIZONT3000) which aims to construct a network forsharing best practices among partner organizations in the developing world.
  11. 11. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015EssaysJacint Jordana on the proliferation of regulatory agencies and the role they playin new forms of governance including network governanceEttore Bolisani and Enrico Scarso on knowledge networks in business stressingthe diversity of knowledge networks in business and their varyingeffectiveness.Ana Miric on barriers to building learning networks stressing the importance ofstrategy, culture and leadership for making knowledge networks performantTim Meyer analyzing the transformation in international organization fromhierarchies to networks with a specific emphasis on managing knowledge andscience
  12. 12. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015EssaysOrly Lobel reflecting on how to manage knowledge in organizations focusingon different aspects related to legal governance of human resources andintellectual capitalMichele Clara, from UNIDO, reflecting on the importance of knowledgenetworks in industrial policymaking and related learning processes
  13. 13. Networks for Prosperity InitiativeConnectedness IndexAim: Capture the degree to which countries are networked andanalyze variation between countries (include many countries)How: Creating a connectedness index which consists of three sub-indices on the basis of existing databases (best available data)Approach: Inductive – screening of 70+ ‘global’ databasescontaining more than 7000 variables.Status: Data availability, methodological issues => improve it
  14. 14. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Measuring Connectedness: levels and componentsEach component is transformed tothe same scale, ranging 0-1.Each sub-index is created byaveraging its components.Connectedness Index is theaverage of its three sub-indices.=> Do not weigh components
  15. 15. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness Index 2012
  16. 16. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Variation in the connectedness sub-indices
  17. 17. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness Index 2012 – Main ResultsSwitzerland, Sweden and Denmark are the three most connected countries(equal to the previous index).Differences in the countries rankings are moderate compared to 2011Overall, countries are slightly more connected.Differences in scores are sometimes very small => small changes can lead toranking changes => better work in the future with clusters of countries
  18. 18. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness and development measures
  19. 19. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness and development measures
  20. 20. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015Connectedness and development measuresThe graphs show a strong positive linear relationship between connectednessand government effectiveness, GDP per capita and industrial performance.However, these linear relationship (or high correlations) cannot be interpretedas cause and effect.⇒Future work⇒Many methodological issues, many questions⇒Understand better variation between countries
  21. 21. Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015ConclusionsEstablish the foundations for a research program on the importance of networkgovernance, especially MICsFuture work to concentrate on types of networks, management of networks andeffectiveness of network governance.The UNIDO Connectedness Index is distinct from others, as it accounts for thedegree to which a country is networked externally and internally = furtherdevelopment and consolidation

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