Stresspresent5 10


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  • Brain circuits are affected by drug abuse and addiction . The areas depicted contain the circuits that underlie feelings of reward, learning and memory, motivation and drive, and inhibitory control. Each of these brain areas and the behaviors they control must be considered when developing strategies to treat drug addiction. PFC – prefrontal cortex; ACG – anterior cingulate gyrus; OFC – orbitofrontal cortex; SCC – subcallosal cortex; NAcc – nucleus accumbens; VP – ventral pallidum; Hipp – hippocampus; Amyg – amygdala
  • Stresspresent5 10

    1. 1. THE PHYSIOLOGY OF STRESS Mayo Clinic Nicotine Dependence Center Residential Treatment Program
    2. 2. Stress? We’re may change how you think about stress
    3. 3. Stress is the system by which resources and energy are allocated to meet demands and challenges in the environment
    4. 4. Stress, energy, and arousal P E Optimal performance R F O R M Under performing Depleted A N C E STRESS LEVEL
    5. 5. The Brain EVALUATE INPUT, MAKE DECISIONS, INHIBIT RESPONSES Hypo/ pit Autonomic control
    6. 6. Sympathetic Nervous system – get ready to rumble… •Arouses the body •‘fight or flight’ •Purpose is to manage energy and resources to meet perceived demands and challenges that are an immediate threat
    7. 7. There is a (much neglected) OFF system The Parasympathetic Nervous System •Calms the body •Promotes enjoyment, relaxation, digestion, sexual arousal •Purpose is to conserve resources and allow you to restore resources and energy.
    8. 8. There is an on and OFF system The Parasympathetic Nervous System
    9. 9. CHRONIC STRESS OVERLOAD The Sympathetic nervous system is built to meet immediate and life threatening demands Most of the demands we face today are not immediate We get chronically stuck in the on position
    10. 10. HEALTH EFFECTS FROM CHRONIC STRESS OVERLOAD  Lowered immune response  Coronary artery disease  Insulin resistance  Type II Diabetes  Obesity  Insomnia  Chronic fatigue and chronic pain  ……..
    11. 11. BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS FROM CHRONIC STRESS  Impatience  Anger  Depression  Substance abuse and addiction  Difficulty concentrating  Relationship difficulties
    12. 12. MANAGING STRESS –  Strengthen executive function  Positive self talk  Rational assessment of threats and demands  Realistic expectations  Strengthen the body  Exercise  Good health habits  Good eating  Strengthen social connections  Exercise the Parasympathetic system (off)  Relaxation/meditation  Recreation  Laugh, Laugh, Laugh  Strengthen the spirit  Sense of being secure in the world and in your life
    13. 13. MORE SIMPLY PUT…  Healthy activity  Healthy thinking  Social support  Practiced relaxation  Spiritual connection
    14. 14. Let’s get started