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Pre-departure Profile for Tanzania 2011/2012Presented by Maasai International Challenge Africa www.micatz.org firstname.lastname@example.org T EL/FAX +255 27 254 6233 MOBILE; 255 767 707 352Contents1. Introduction2. Project Contacts3. Location4. Volunteering in Tanzania5. Living in Tanzania
6. Cultural Observances/Responsible Travel7. Kit List8. Personal Health9. Useful Vocabulary10. Other Information Resources
1. Introduction Welcome to Tanzania This pre-departure booklet serves as a brief introduction to the Tanzanian way of life. You should read it through before you travel to get an idea of what to expect during your Stay. Living and working in Tanzania is a huge challenge and you will need to adapt. It may seem overwhelming in the beginning to adapt to a completely different way of life, another Language etc. Things are not at all what you are used to and people react differently. During work, you will confront a harsh social reality and experience things that most tourists Cannot even imagine. When you arrive, do not expect to find a finished program with clear Instructions waiting for you. If you have decided to work with children in an orphanage or in a nursery home, it is a good idea that you already know how to occupy children with manual work, sports, games, art or music. Use your imagination and be creative. We hope that this Guidebook will give you at least an idea of what to expect and thus reduce the culture shock most people experience. This booklet also serves as a reference guide for daily life in Tanzania. Simple actions like making a long-distance call, banking or mailing a letter to your friends and family, can be a challenge at the start. Adjustment to the local culture and environment will be your biggest challenge and greatest experience. We have tried to make the information in this booklet as accurate as possible, but it is provided as is and we cannot accept responsibility for any inconvenience, loss or injury sustained by anyone because of this information. We welcome all suggestions for improvement and adjustments from our Volunteers. When we receive your flight information, we make the necessary arrangements you‟re your airport pick-up. We will do our best to make you feel comfortable from the very first day, but you will sometimes have experiences that will seem strange, frustrating, bizarre, or even downright irrational. When this happens try to RELAX. Try to reflect about it and see through the eyes of the population of a third world country, and possibly things will begin to make more sense. (For example: if you miss your flight or the airport Representative doesn‟t show up, please don‟t panic. Relax! We have below listed the name of the contact person in case of emergencies. Call immediately and let him/her know where you are).What you should do nowCheck your passport will be valid for your trip and you know what visa‟s you will need to have.Book your flights, the sooner you do the better the price, especially at peak times. Remember and notify us ofyour flight details once you have booked!Get all your Vaccinations: Visit your doctor for your vaccinations, advise your doctor where you will be goingand that you will be in contact with children. Some vaccines take months to be active, so please don‟t wait.Arrange your travel insurance – Contact email@example.com for more information.1 month or few weeks before departure
Check kit list and buy what you need to take with you.Get local money.Make sure everyone that you wish to keep in contact with has an e-mail address for you and they all know you‟regoing.Photocopie important documents, passeport, insu rance documents etc.Visa requirementsIn Tanzania, visas are required by most foreign nationals whether visiting for a holiday or to conduct business.Tanzania does permit visa free travel for a period of up to three months to some foreign nationals, mainly thosefrom African and Asian countries. After arriving into Tanzania MICATZ will assist you with your volunteer visasclass c application which will allow you to volunteer legally in Tanzania.However in most cases, with the exceptions of Kenya and Uganda, these visitors will still have to obtain entrypermit clearance.Global Visas immigration will be able to advice you of the exact visa requirements for citizens of your country ofresidence traveling to Tanzania.Types of Visas for TanzaniaFor foreign nationals from countries who do not receive the three-month visa exemption it will be necessary toapply for a Tanzanian visa.Tanzanian Tourist visa:In Tanzania, tourist visas may be issued as single or multiple entry permits and are valid for a maximum period ofthree or six months respectively.As with short-term visit visas and business visas in many destinations, these time limits are the maximum periodthat visas can be granted but do not necessarily reflect the grant that will be issued.HOW TO APPLY FOR A TOURIST VISAYour passport and visa are your own responsibility.The Tanzanian authorities do not always have a positive attitude toward foreign workers and volunteers! It isimperative that you do NOT say volunteer or work anywhere on your tourist visa application.If you enter the country without a tourist visa, you can expect to queue for 2 hours or more at the airport. Weadvise all volunteers to apply for a tourist visa from their home country. On the Tourist application form:Write, "none or N/A" on the application under: Address while in Tanzania, and: References in Tanzania. Do NOTwrite the local coordinators name or address. Please just state you will find a tourist hotel or youth hostel at theDar es Salaam or Kilimanjaro Airport.State only TOURIST visa, as if your whole stay in Tanzania is about sightseeing, going on Safari and shopping,shopping, shopping. Tourist money coming into a country‟s economy is welcome everywhere, but developingcountries are especially prone to thinking only about economics.
Tanzanian Volunteer Permit Class C:The people who will participate on any unpaid works within any community in Tanzania she/he 2-3days afterher/his arrivals to Tanzania they should apply for the volunteer permit class C which is granted at the RegionalImmigration office of any region in Tanzania mainland.( Requirements for these are; 2-3current passport size,your covering letter and the fees of $120USD which Your coordinator in Arusha will take care of the C-Permit atimmigration service. )Volunteer permit are a temporary immigration solution designed to allow applicants to engage in a range ofvolunteer works related activities including attending missionary works, unpaid works and business conferencesand researching potential buyers or suppliers.Eligibility:All Tanzanian visa applications must be accompanied by a valid passport form the applicants country of origin.For candidates who are living in a country which is not their country of origin, proof of residence must also besupplied.In all cases, passports must be valid for a minimum of six months after the duration of the visa.Where candidates are applying for Tanzanian business visas, a letter from the business contact in Tanzania willbe required. The letter must detail the proposed duration and purpose of the trip to Tanzania.All foreign nationals traveling to Tanzania should be aware that it may be necessary to attend an interview andthat supporting documentation may be required.Processing Times and Fees:Visa fees and processing times are subject to change at short notice and both fees and processing times mayvary according to the type of visa you require and your nationality.MICATZ will be able to provide precise details of the visa fees and processing times involved for your specificapplication.What to Bring— with youEssentials for You1.) Passport2.) Passport photos (we will need 5 to submit with your Class C Residence Permit application and you shouldhave a few extra in case of lost passport, etc.)3.) 3 copies of your passport4.) 3 copies of your tourist visa5.) 3 copies of your insurance cards6.) 2 copies of your resumeClothing and Foot apparelThere are basically three seasons in this part of Tanzania: the dry season, the time of short rains and the longrainy season. The dry season (or summer) runs from the end of May/beginning of June to the end of October.Days are warm, and nights are cool or even cold with temps dropping to the high 50‟s. The short rains runsporadically from November to February. Days are usually muggy and warm but evenings can be cool. The rainyseason starts in March and goes through May.Depending on the weather, laundry can take 4-5 days to dry on the line, so take this into account whendetermining the amount of clothing you would like to bring. In addition, you should keep in mind that the clothesyou wear here will get very dirty and will endure some rough hand-washing. So, when packing, you may want toconsider bringing clothes that you would not mind leaving here for some of the adult staff or adults in the village atthe end of your stay. Particularly during the rainy season, you will also want to bring clothes made out of quick-drying material.
Important note: Because we want to be respectful of the Tanzanian culture and adults are always covered inlong sleeves, long pants and/or traditional wraps, please do not bring shorts or revealing tank tops to wear (evenfor exercise gear). On our property, volunteers can wear shorts and sleeveless shirts during games with childrenbut when leaving the property, this cultural norm should be respected, both by men and women. We wouldappreciate that you keep this in mind when packing.Tanzanian Culture In Tanzania there is an almost equal distribution of Christian, Muslim, and indigenous Beliefs, while Zanzibar is almost exclusively Muslim. Muslims are concentrated along the coast and in Zanzibar, and tend to dominate the culture in this area. Our placements are Mainly in the area around Mbeya, where there are fewer Muslims, and this culture does not Predominate.Basic Cultural Information of Tanzania You come with curiosity and a wish to meet a new culture, different ways of thinking, Speaking and interacting with the local people and their customs and cultures. There are some principles which help volunteers to enjoy a positive experience in Tanzania and avoid some possible misunderstandings which can occur in cross-cultural settings.Culture and Culture Shock When you enter a new environment where very little is familiar, you will probably be Disoriented at the start. This is “culture shock”. Experts suggest that there are four stages of culture shock: Initial euphoria Irritability and hostility Gradual adjustment Adaptation Almost everyone experiences culture shock to some degree. It can be frustrating and Confusing. But you can take some positive steps to minimize the impact. Realize that this is normal and that you will live through it. Be open-minded and ready to learn. You will come to realize that there are different ways to do things and that‟s okay. Research your new culture. You can begin today by reading up on the Tanzanian culture that you will be experiencing. Look for the reason behind the behaviors in the new culture that you find strange. With a little analysis, you may find that these different behaviors don‟t seem so strange after all.Above all, flexibility, humility and open-mindedness will be your most valuable assets. These are probably exactlythe qualities that led you to volunteer in the first place, so it should not be difficult for you.Some Basic Rules of Tanzanian Culture Affection between men and women is seldom expressed in public. Public kissing, hugging, and hand- holding are offensive to most Tanzanians and a sign of low morals. But it is acceptable for two men or two women to walk hand in hand. This has nothing to do with sexual orientation; it is basically male (female) bonding and is not considered odd. Maintaining eye contact during conversations is not expected in an African context and many people become uncomfortable when you look them in the eye for a long time. East Africans love to formally greet each other, so be ready to shake a million hands!
In most rural areas, punctuality is not too common, so be prepared to wait. Clothing is somewhat conservative. Men should not go bare-chested and shorts should be conservative. Women should avoid bare shoulders, halter-tops, and shorts. Ties and suits are not necessary except for special occasions. The dress codes can vary, depending on your area of placement. In many places, summer clothes are worn most of the year. Semi-formal wear, or what is known as “business casual” (slacks and a shirt with a collar) will be acceptable in most places and for most purposes including volunteer work. You can wear jeans and t-shirts but we recommend clothes that are easy to wash - since most washing is done by hand, - jeans will be a bother to you in this regard. In some areas, shorts are rarely worn. If you wear some, khaki or walking shorts will be generally more acceptable. For official occasions, a shirt and tie worn with long trousers or a dress will do. Men should wear socks and both sexes should wear shoes during meetings and public events. The East African coast including the area around Dar es Salaam has a large Muslim population. Here, courtesy demands that women, outside their hotels, should dress modestly.Legal Issues It is an offence to photograph heads of state, airports or strategic buildings, including military and power installations, and police officers in uniform. Photographs should not be taken of people without their consent. Destruction of local currency, even in small amounts, is illegal, and will result in arrest and penalty. Nudity is illegal under East African law; if you sunbathe topless you may be arrested. The penalty for possession of illegal drugs, including marijuana, is ten years imprisonment, with no option of a fine. Tanzanian law defines any sexual relations between men as a criminal act; the penalty is 5 to 14 years imprisonment.One Week Language and Orientation ProgramYou will follow some day‟s orientation in Arusha, before your volunteer work starts. The program includes somelessons in the local language (mainly Swahili) and immerses participants in the culture of East Africa.Below is a summary of our one-week language and culture course.Don‟t expect formal teaching.Host FamilySome volunteers will live with host families during work, other stay in the volunteer house.Many volunteers report that their home stay was the highlight of their visit to Tanzania. There is no better way tolearn firsthand about life in a foreign country than by living among local people, participating in their lives.Friendships made while living with a family can last a lifetime.Living ConditionsTanzanian houses are simple. You will find a separate sleeping room and sometimes a separate living room.Especially in the villages the toilet is outside the main house. Many host families now have indoor plumbing andelectricity. Normally, you will get a simple room with a bed, sometimes a shelf or a table and chair. It is possiblethat you must share your room with a host-brother or sister or another volunteer, although normally you will havea separate room. There is no need to bring a sleeping bag, unless you are going on safari. In that case, acomfortable sleeping bag is a must.Local Tanzanian food is provided three times a day. Tanzanian foods include ugali - a porridge-like mash madefrom corn meal; chapatti - bread similar to a tortilla made from wheat flour; irio - a mash of corn, beans, greensand potatoes; and rice. Meat will be on the menu only once in a while. All-vegetarian meals will be easy toarrange for vegetarian volunteers.
Daily LifeAs part of your host family‟s household you should be open and try to help and involve yourself in tasks carriedout “at home”. They are interested in showing you their way of life. You could learn how to cook or learn theTanzanian way of doing daily tasks. You can help your family wash up and it is your responsibility to keep yourroom clean. Sometimes you might just watch TV or play cards with the whole family.Younger family members are especially interested in learning more about your family and culture. Don‟t forget tobring some pictures and tell something about your life. Perhaps you may even get the chance to cook and showhow food is prepared in your country.Many of the families have experience with volunteers and will give you all the necessary advice and support youneed to feel comfortable. Some family members might speak English. In case you have any problems or you arenot sure how to behave or what to do, feel free to ask them. Additionally, EXIS-AFRICA staff or staff of our partnerorganization will visit you from time to time. You can address any problems to the office by telephone or email.
2. Project ContactsPre-departureContact firstname.lastname@example.org for more informationThings to ConsiderMoral values, religion and cultural issues in Tanzania can be very different from your home country. Sometimesyou might think roles are outdated and nonsensical, but please try not to judge their way of life. You are here tolearn and to be active as a volunteer. Women especially should be aware that their accepted position inTanzanian society is not exactly equal to their position in western countries. Although the differences aresometimes minor and often blurred, especially in the cities, they do exist and are more noticeable in the coastalareas of East Africa. They should be taken note of to avoid unnecessary friction.Rules for Volunteers in Host Family Please do not use alcohol or drugs in your host family‟s home. Much of Tanzanian society is somewhat conservative by western standards; please dress modestly and avoid any dating or romantic activities in the host family‟s home. Please do not use home facilities (TV, radio, VCR, bike etc) without permission. Always keep your door and your room window closed when you go out. Please clean your clothes and dishes yourself. Host families offer Tanzanian food three times a day. Host families do not serve volunteers separate exotic cuisine
Pre-departure Contact email@example.com for more informationThere is a coordinator and field staffs to make sure our volunteers Get the help they need. Take any problems or questions to the coordinator: Contact information in Tanzania: Edward Laiser MICATZ PO Box 14,950 Arusha Tel: +255 (27) 2506 714 or +255 27 254 6233 Mobile ; +255 767 707 352 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org A member of the local staff will meet you at the airport, holding a card with your name. Should you be missed at the airport, you can call the local contact number from the airport. If you should miss our representative at the airport, due to delayed flights or tight airport security, please call the pickup person, mentioned in your placement letter. If you cannot reach him/her, then call the coordinator at any of the numbers listed above.Important addresses and phone numbersWe will keep a copy of your contact details and emergency contact information on file. Please tell us if thisinformation changes.Please tell people where you are and give them our details.Please write down any important numbers and keep them safe.