Social Capital and Networks in Nature Conservation [SEAGA]

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my presentation for the SEAGA conference at philippines 2008

my presentation for the SEAGA conference at philippines 2008

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  • 1. Social Capital and Networks in Nature Conservation A case study of Chek Jawa, Singapore A presentation by November TAN Peng Ting National University of Singapore Department of Geography Research Scholar
  • 2. Overview
    • Introduction
    • Background
    • Strategies
      • Social Capital & Trust
      • Networks
    • Implications
  • 3. Introduction
  • 4. Introduction
  • 5.
    • A landmark event happened in 2001 when reclamation was deferred in favor of nature conservation.
  • 6.
    • First time more than 2000 people visiting a nature area over weekend
  • 7.
    • Cited as the poster child of effective public consultation by the state.
  • 8.
    • Watershed moment in the transition of environmental civil society structure and strategies
  • 9.  
  • 10. Where is Chek Jawa?
  • 11. What is Chek Jawa?
    • “ A natural haven comprising of 6 distinct habitats - coastal forest, mangrove, [rocky shore], sand flats, coral rubble, [seagrass meadow], and a tiny island named Pulau Sekudu”
  • 12. Scheduled Development
    • 1991 Concept Plan, gazetted in the 1998 Master Plan
    • Together with Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin was due to be expanded by almost 80% through reclamation.
  • 13. Scheduled Development
  • 14. Scheduled Development
  • 15. Civil Society Response
    • “ Come see it before it’s gone”
  • 16. Civil Society Response
    • Guided Public Walks
    • Scientific Survey
    • Non-Confrontational Engagement
    • Public Awareness & Outreach
    • Online and Mainstream Media
    • Petition & Compiled Feedbacks
  • 17. Social Capital
    • “ An instantiated set of informal values or norms shared among members of a group that permits them to cooperate with one another.” - Francis Fukuyama (2000:98)
    • “… connections among individuals – social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness that arise from them”
    • - Robert Putnam (2000:19)
  • 18. Strategies
    • Social Capital Accumulation through:
      • Networks and Cyber-advocacy
      • Credibility and Trust
      • Engagement
  • 19. Strategies Components of State-civil society engagement Networks Political Environment Trust Valuable Content Credibility Undemanding Constructive Non-aggressive Proven Track Record Consistency Public awareness Technology Media Communications Multiplier effect Public outreach Tapping on Expertise
  • 20. Strategies (Source: Anheier and Katz, 2005)
  • 21. Participation Barometer Analysis Framework of Tripartite Engagement in Nature Conservation
  • 22. Implications
    • Stepping stone or stumbling block?
    • Considering post-crisis strategies
    • Maintaining social capital
    • Importance of network versus “asymmetrical warfare”
    • Reproducing “Saving Chek Jawa ”
  • 23. Questions?