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Bio Class Mammalia

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  • 1. Orders Within Class Mammalia
    --------------------------------------
    (Piers, 2011)
    (Birdie, 2010)
    (Herman, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    By: Micah Ritzhaupt
  • 2. (Paddy, N.D.)
    (mithunss N.D.)
    (retrieverman, 2011)
    (lafayettewright.wordpress, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Oxford, 2009)
    INSECTIVORES
    • Insect eaters
    • 3. Have long, narrow snouts and sharp claws that help the animal dig
    • 4. Excellent sense of smell and touch
    • 5. Poor sense of sight and hearing
    • 6. Includes: Shrews, hedgehogs, moles, gymnures, and tenrecs
    (Angelfire)
    --------------------------------------
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    (myunitybaptist, N.D.)
    (The bristolral company, N.D.)
    (quesper, N.D.)
    (Belardo 2003)
    (HamourHallow, N.D.)
  • 7. (Carrowkeel, N.D.)
    (Yahoo, N.D.)
    (Truewildlife, 2011)
    (Admin, 2009)
    --------------------------------------
    (Goldman,2010)
    Artiodactyls
    • Hoofed animals that have an even number of toes on each foot
    • 8. Mostly large grazing animals
    • 9. Many have horns or antlers
    • 10. Includes: Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, ibex, giraffes, hippopotami, camels, antelope, deer, gazelle
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    (Angelfire)
    ---------------------------------------
    (Animalsgallery, 2010)
    (Barry, 2000)
    (Carey, 2007)
    (Ivana, 2009)
    (Michigandeercrash, N.D.)
  • 11. (Arkive, 2011)
    (Pickard, 2010)
    (3ddigitalwallpapers, N.D.)
    --------------------------------------
    (Thepraiseoffolly, 2010)
    (Casselman, 2010)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    Rodents
    • Have a single pair of long, curved incisor teeth (both in upper & lower jaws)
    • 12. They’re used for gnawing wood and other plant material
    • 13. Largest order (40%)
    • 14. Very diverse
    • 15. Includes: mice, rats, voles, squirrels, gophers, porcupines, chipmunks, gerbils, prairie dogs, and chinchillas
    (Angelfire)
    --------------------------------------
    (Colin’s Journal, 2004)
    (Hicker, 2011)
    (Littlehistories, 2004)
    (Nps, 2011)
    (Trendliest, 2011)
    (Truewildlife, 2011)
  • 16. (Imagemania, 2011)
    (Marinebio, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Taisha, 2007)
    (Aramex, N.D.)
    (Oceanwideimage, 2011)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    (Angelfire)
    Cetaceans
    • Adapted to underwater life, but must come to the surface to breathe
    • 17. Size differs from 6 ft – 100 ft in length
    • 18. Most live and breed in the ocean
    • 19. Includes: humpback whales. Narwhals, sperm whales, beluga whales, river dolphin
    --------------------------------------
    (Scarptv, 2010)
    (Gray, 2009)
    (Oceanwideimage, 2011)
    (Robotsystematic 2011)
    (Portwallpaper, 2011)
  • 20. (fantom-XP, 2011)
    (Birderblog, N.D.)
    (Theenquisitor, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Earthwatch, 2008)
    (Macdonald, 2005)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    Lagomorphs
    • Entirely herbivorous
    • 21. Two pairs of incisors in upper jaw
    • 22. Hind legs for leaping
    • 23. Includes: Snowshoe hare, and rabbits
    --------------------------------------
    (Wikipedia, N.D.)
    (Popularpets, 2006)
    (Livingblossoms, 2008)
    (Doug, 2008)
  • 24. (CrazyFrankenstein, 2006)
    --------------------------------------
    (Hypenotic, 2011)
    (Blizzardentertainment, 2011)
    (Strayanatomy,2009)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    Carnivores
    • Stalk or chase prey by running or pouncing, then kill the prey with sharp teeth and claws
    • 25. Some eat plants as well
    • 26. All have furry or hairy coats
    • 27. Most are nocturnal
    • 28. Includes: dogs, foxes, bears, raccoons, walruses, hyenas, tigers, lions, leopards, cheetahs
    (Angelfire)
    --------------------------------------
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
  • 29. (Cdin, 2011)
    (Philippine islands 2010)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (National geographic, 2011)
    Primates
    • Closely related to the ancient insectivores, but have developed cerebrum and complex behaviors
    • 30. Most are very intelligent
    • 31. Social structure and behavior
    • 32. Includes: Lemurs, tarsiers,baboon, gibbons, macaques, humans
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    (Angelfire)
    --------------------------------------
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Worldstar, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
  • 33. (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Xenarthrans, 2011)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    Xenarthrans
    • Most have simple teeth (no enamel), and some have no teeth at all.
    • 34. Commonly referred to as edentates
    • 35. One of the most ancient groups of mammals
    • 36. Many species of Xenarthrans are unknown
    • 37. Includes Sloths, anteaters, and armadillos.
    (Hsu, k. & Kang, M. )
    (Anteater, sloth, and armadillo.)
    --------------------------------------
    (Xenarthrans, 2011)
    (Xenarthrans, 2011)
    (Xenarthrans, 2011)
  • 38. (National geographic, 2011)
    (Carrowkeel, N.D.)
    (Yahoo, N.D.)
    (Truewildlife, 2011)
    (Admin, 2009)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Goldman,2010)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    Perissodactyls
    • Hoofed animals that have anoddnumber of toes on each foot
    • 39. Herbivores
    • 40. All are either endangered or extinct
    • 41. Includes:Horses, Tapirs, Rhinoceroses, and zebras
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    (Angelfire)
    ---------------------------------------
    (Animalsgallery, 2010)
    (Barry, 2000)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (August, 2004)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Carey, 2007)
    (Ivana, 2009)
    (Michigandeercrash, N.D.)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
  • 42. (Wehrmann, N.D.)
    (Arkive, 2011)
    (Pickard, 2010)
    (3ddigitalwallpapers, N.D.)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Thepraiseoffolly, 2010)
    (Museum of Illinois2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Casselman, 2010)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    Proboscideans
    • Have trunks
    • 43. This order of mammals went through extensive adaptive radiation that produced many species
    • 44. Includes: Mastodons, mammoths, Asian elephant, and the African elephant
    --------------------------------------
    (Seveik, N.D.)
    (Mraz, 2005)
    (Colin’s Journal, 2004)
    (University of London, 2006)
    (Hicker, 2011)
    (Littlehistories, 2004)
    (Nps, 2011)
    (Seveik, N.D.)
    (Ench gallery,2011)
    (Trendliest, 2011)
    (Truewildlife, 2011)
  • 45. (Floridaleisure, 2011)
    (Nature’s resort, 2011)
    (Imagemania, 2011)
    (Marinebio, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Taisha, 2007)
    (Aramex, N.D.)
    (Oceanwideimage, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    Sirenians
    • Herbivores that in rivers, bays, and warm coastal waters
    • 46. Large and slow-moving
    • 47. Fully aquatic lives
    • 48. Includes: Manatees, and dugongs
    --------------------------------------
    (Scarptv, 2010)
    (Gray, 2009)
    (Oceanwideimage, 2011)
    (Travelocity, 2011)
    (Divephotoguide, 2010)
    (Robotsystematic 2011)
    (Portwallpaper, 2011)
    (Prlog, 2010)
    (Divephotoguide, 2010)
  • 49. (fantom-XP, 2011)
    (Andera, 2010)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    (Andera, 2010)
    (Birderblog, N.D.)
    (Theenquisitor, 2011)
    (National geographic, 2011)
    --------------------------------------
    (Earthwatch, 2008)
    (Macdonald, 2005)
    (Andera, 2010)
    (Levine, J. & Miller, K. )
    (Angelfire)
    Chiropterans
    • Winged-mammals, and the only mammal capable of flying
    • 50. Bats equal 1/5 of all mammalian species
    • 51. Many live in trees
    • 52. They eat mostly insects and fruit nectar, while 3 species feed on blood of other vertebrates
    • 53. Includes: bats
    --------------------------------------
    (Wikipedia, N.D.)
    (Tersigni, 2006)
    (Durham, 2008)
    (Popularpets, 2006)
    (Livingblossoms, 2008)
    (Netcore, 2010)
    (Robson, 2011)
    (Doug, 2008)
  • 54. Works Cited
    Anteater, sloth, and armadillo. Retrieved April 25, 2011 from http://www.xenarthrans.org/
    Hsu, k. & Kang, M. (2000). Introduction to xenarthra. Retrieved April 25, 2011 from http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mammal/xenarthra.html
    Levine, J. & Miller, K. Biology. Boston, Massachusetts: Prentice Hall
    Angelfire. Retrieved April 19, 2011 from http://www.angelfire.com/mo2/animals1/mammal/insectivora.html