Op Art

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  • nice slide show....complementary is misspelled....it should be spelled with an e not an i.....these words have different meanings.
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Op Art

  1. 1. OP-ART
  2. 2. *OP-ART: HISTORY • In 1839 the French chemist Michel-Eugene Chevreul experimented with complimentary color relationships which influenced the earliest examples of Op Art * The term referenced the fact that Op Art is comprised of illusion, and often appears - to the human eye - to be moving or breathing due to its precise, mathematically-based composition. * Chevreul's experiments led the first Op Artist, George Seurat to create his impressionistic pointillism paintings
  3. 3. *OP-ART: GEORGE SEURAT
  4. 4. *OP-ART: GEORGE SEURAT
  5. 5. *OP-ART: HISTORY • Joseph Albers experimented with the interaction and relationships of color. • In 1949 his series of paintings called "Homage To The Square" led the way to a new understanding of how colors change when in the context of other colors. • Albers is credited with the invention of Op Art and many art educational innovations.
  6. 6. *OP-ART: Joseph Albers
  7. 7. *OP-ART: Joseph Albers
  8. 8. *OP-ART: Joseph Albers
  9. 9. *OP-ART: Joseph Albers
  10. 10. *OP-ART: HISTORY *A movement from the 1960s which used precise geometrical patterns painted in vivid colors or black-and-white to create optical illusions of movement and fool the viewer's sense of perspective. *Example: creating the illusion of a sphere bulging from a flat canvas. *Is “non-representational" rather than "representational” *The term referenced the fact that Op Art is comprised of illusion, and often appears - to the human eye - to be moving or breathing due to its precise, mathematically-based composition.
  11. 11. *OP-ART: HISTORY • Paintings are either Black and White or the Artists use the properties of warm colors which appear to advance and cool colors which appear to recede in these illusions. • After (and because of) a major 1965 exhibition of Op Art entitled The Responsive Eye, the public became enraptured with the movement. • Time Magazine called it, "an attack on the eyes" • Includes paintings concerned with surface kinetics. It was a movement which exploits the fallibility of the eye through the use of optical illusions.
  12. 12. *OP-ART: HOW? *Viewer gets the impression of movement by flashing and vibration, or alternatively of swelling or warping. *Used colors, lines and shapes repetitive and simple ways to create perceived movement and to trick the viewer's eye. *Goal of Op Art was to produce painting is to create a visual illusion by using geometric patterns and contrasting colors. *Techniques used in Op Art are perspective and careful juxtaposition of color (whether chromatic [identifiable hues] or achromatic [black, white or gray]).
  13. 13. *OP-ART: WHAT? • Because of its geometrically-based nature, Op Art is, almost without exception, non-representational. • Elements employed (color, line and shape) are carefully chosen to achieve maximum effect. • Aim of Op Art was to produce illusions of depth, relief and motion; it would blur or stir the eye, but never by resorting to actual movement (as in Kinetic Art).
  14. 14. *OP-ART: WHO? • Victor Vasarely (1906-1997): Hungarian-French artist. • main objective was the creation of an illusion of movement. • pioneered the movement with his 1938 painting Zebra. • helped the most to popularize Op Art projects and research; he produced many of his works within the architecture and planning of large cities.
  15. 15. *OP-ART: VICTOR VASARELY
  16. 16. *OP-ART: VICTOR VASARELY
  17. 17. *OP-ART: VICTOR VASARELY
  18. 18. *OP-ART: VICTOR VASARELY
  19. 19. *OP-ART: VICTOR VASARELY
  20. 20. *OP-ART: VICTOR VASARELY
  21. 21. *OP-ART: WHO? • Bridget Riley (1931-): English Op-Art Painter. • Best known for her black and white paintings that create unique optical effects on canvas. • incorporates new shapes and designs into her later work, and reflects the influence of Egyptian hieroglyphs in pieces that play with opposing colors.
  22. 22. *OP-ART: BRIDGET RILEY
  23. 23. *OP-ART: BRIDGET RILEY
  24. 24. *OP-ART: BRIDGET RILEY
  25. 25. *OP-ART: BRIDGET RILEY
  26. 26. *OP-ART: PHILIP TAAFE
  27. 27. *OP-ART: PHILIP TAAFE
  28. 28. *OP-ART: PHILIP TAAFE
  29. 29. *OP-ART: PHILIP TAAFE
  30. 30. *OP-ART: PHILIP TAAFE
  31. 31. *OP-ART: EXAMPLES
  32. 32. *OP-ART: EXAMPLES
  33. 33. *OP-ART: EXAMPLES
  34. 34. *PROJECT REQUIREMENTS • Ultimate Goal: Create a crisp and well crafted Op Art painting • Use of black, white and two complimentary colors • Use of acrylic paint and appropriate brushes. • Painting will be between 18x18" to 18x24"
  35. 35. *QUESTIONS?

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