On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
By continuing to use LinkedIn’s SlideShare service, you agree to the revised terms, so please take a few minutes to review them.
Early Life/ Childhood Harriet Tubaman was born in the year 1820. The exact date is not known because As with many slaves in the United States, neither the exact year nor place of her birth was recorded. As a child she grow up in Maryland. Harriet. She had slave parents as a child. Her real mom was send to the “ Big House”. So Harriet had the responsibility on her sholders to take care of her younger brother and a baby. At early age she got beaten many of her master and got various injuries that affected her. Tubman also worked as a child at the home of a planter named James Cook.
In 1844 at the age of 25, she married John Tubman, a free African American who did not share her dream. Since she was a slave, she knew there could be a chance that she could be sold and her marriage would be split apart. Harriet dreamed of traveling north. There, she would be free and would not have to worry about having her marriage split up by the slave trade. But, John did not want her to go north. He said he was fine where he was and that there was no reason for moving north. She said she would go by herself. He replied with questions like "When it's nighttime, how will you know which way is north?" and "What will you eat?" He told her that if she ran off, he would tell her master. She did not believe him until she saw his face and then she knew he meant it. Her goal to achieve freedom was too large for her to give up though. So in 1849 she left her husband and escaped to Philadelphia in 1849
Who was she?
What did Tubman do ? After escaping from slavery, into which she was born, she made thirteen missions to rescue more than 70 slave using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage.
Underground RailroadHow did it work? The Underground Railroad was an informal network of secret routes and safe housesused by 19th-century black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists who were sympathetic to their cause. Other various routes led to Mexico or overseas.Created in the early 19th century, the Underground Railroad was at its height between 1850 and 1860. One estimate suggests that by 1850, 100,000 slaves had escaped via the "Railroad". Canada was a popular destination with over 30,000 people arriving there to escape enslavement via the network at its peak,though US Census figures only account for 6,000.The Underground Railroad riders' stories are documented in The Underground Railroad Records .
Routes / Traveling conditions RoutesTraveling Conditions The resting spots where the runaways could sleep and eat were given the code names “stations” and “depots” which were held by “station masters”. 2. There were also those known as “stockholders” who gave money or supplies for assistance. 3. There were the “conductors” who ultimately moved the runaways from station to station. 4. Once a part of a plantation the "conductor" would direct the fugitives to the North. They would stop at the so-called “stations” or "depots" during the day and rest. 5. While resting at one station, a message was sent to the next station to let the station master know the runaways were on their way. The journey was often seen as too arduous and treacherous for women or children to complete.
How did Harriet died? “I go to prepare a place for you” this where her last words before her death of pneumonia on March 10, 1913 at the moment of her death she was surrounded by the one she loved the most. By 1911 before she died , her body was so frail that she had to be admitted into the rest home named in her honor. She died at the around the age of 93.
Transporting over 3,000 slaves throughtthe Underground Railroad, and into Canada, which became the only way to become a free African American man/woman
Harriet helped Auburn remain a center for woman’s rights.
She led the growth of the African Methodist Episcopal Church