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  1. 1. Sino-Vietnamese Trade relations with a Focus on Cross-Border Trade
  2. 2. Agenda
  3. 3. Overview of Yunnan <ul><li>Land-locked; has 25 minority nationalities.
  4. 4. Shares border with Lao, Vietnam, Myanmar.
  5. 5. Fast Economic Growth, but lag behind national average level
  6. 6. - GDP size is the 24 th out of 31 provinces
  7. 7. - contribute 1.8% to China's GDP
  8. 8. - GDP per capita is only 53% of China's average level
  9. 9. Promoting Factors
  10. 10. - western development strategy: narrowing the west-east gap
  11. 11. - actively participat into ASEAN and GMS </li></ul>
  12. 12. Trade Profile of Yunnan with its Neighboring Countries <ul><li>highlighted an export-oriented strategy as a priority
  13. 13. Import Growth Rate: 21%; Export growth Rate:16%
  14. 14. ASEAN is the largest trading partner
  15. 15. - takes about 40% in Yunnan’s total foreign trade </li></ul>
  16. 16. Yunnan: Import & Import Composition <ul><li>Myanmar is the biggest import partner
  17. 17. - account for 43% in Yunnan's total import from ASEAN
  18. 18. Import from Vietnam & Lao have undergone robust growth
  19. 19. - peaked at 173% and 124% respectively in 2006
  20. 20. Major Import Commodities (in 2010)
  21. 21. - Metal Raw material (46.7%)
  22. 22. - Agricultural Products (15.1%)
  23. 23. - Mechanical and electrical products (14.6%) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Yunnan: Export & Export Composition <ul><li>Myanmar & Vietnam are the largest destination
  25. 25. - takes 37% and 32% respectively in Yunnan's export to ASEAN
  26. 26. - the export to Vietnam achieved the highest annual average growth rate (28%)
  27. 27. Major Export Commodities (in 2010)
  28. 28. - Mechanical & electrical products (22.6%)
  29. 29. - Agriculture products (17.8%)
  30. 30. - Phosphorus chemical products (15.1%)
  31. 31. - Textile and Clothing (9.2%)
  32. 32. - Electricity (3.8%) </li></ul>
  33. 33. Overview of Guangxi <ul><li>Mainly inhabited by Zhuang nationality and it enjoys regional autonomy.
  34. 34. Famous for its unusual karst rock formationas, tourism is the pilliar industry.
  35. 35. Fast Economic Growth, but lag behind national average level
  36. 36. - annual average GDP growth rate: 16%
  37. 37. - GDP is ranked the 18th in China
  38. 38. - contributing 2.3% to China's GDP
  39. 39. - GDP per capital is 63% of China's average level </li></ul>
  40. 40. Trade Profile of Guangxi with its Neighboring Countries <ul><li>Robust Growth
  41. 41. annual average growth rate: 28% (Import-26%,export-28%)
  42. 42. Stress economic, foreign trade and investment ties with ASEAN countries
  43. 43. ASEAN is the largest trading partner
  44. 44. Guangxi-Vietnam trade takes 81% in Guangxi-ASEAN bilateral trade
  45. 45. Border trade with Vietnam has been highlighted </li></ul>
  46. 46. Guangxi: Import & Import Composition <ul><li>Import from ASEAN takes 23% in total import, with an annual average growth rate of 35%.
  47. 47. Import from Vietnam takes 67% in total import
  48. 48. Major Import Commodities in 2009
  49. 49. - Materials (42%)
  50. 50. meteral raw materials (26%)
  51. 51. non-metalic raw materials (16%)
  52. 52. - Manufactoring products (27%)
  53. 53. Mechanical & Electrical Products (14%)
  54. 54. - Agriculture products (30%) </li></ul>
  55. 55. Guangxi: Export & Export Composition <ul><li>Vietnam is the dominant destination
  56. 56. - accounts for 86% in Guangxi-ASEAN trade in 2009
  57. 57. - export growth rate in 2009: 36.6%
  58. 58. Major export commodities in 2009
  59. 59. - Manufacturing products (62.6%)
  60. 60. Mechanical & Electrical Products (35%)
  61. 61. - Textile and clothing (24.6%)
  62. 62. - Raw materials (4.1%) </li></ul>
  63. 63. Border trade of Yunnan <ul><li>Wonderful economic platforms: ASEAN & GMS
  64. 64. Takes 58% in the bilateral trade with these neighboring countries in 2009
  65. 65. Prosperous border trade with Maynmar and Vietnam
  66. 66. 3 national ports, 1 provincial port,13 border trade gateways
  67. 67. Hekou is the largest border trade port
  68. 68. Annual average growth rate: 20% (from 2005 to 2010) </li></ul>
  69. 69. Border Trade of Yunnan-Vietnam <ul><li>Import keeps decreasing (-16%)
  70. 70. export keeps increasing (17%) </li></ul>
  71. 71. Composition of Yunnan-Vietnam Border Trade <ul><li>Major Import: Agriculture products
  72. 72. - grains, vegetables
  73. 73. - tropical fruits
  74. 74. - local snacks
  75. 75. Major Export: low-priced daily neccessities
  76. 76. - cooking pots/pans and table ware
  77. 77. - mechanical & ecletrical products
  78. 78. - home appliances (rice cooker, microwave, etc.)
  79. 79. - textiles and clothing products (clothes, blankets, etc.)
  80. 80. - agriculture products </li></ul>
  81. 81. Border Trade and Economic Growth <ul><li>The contribution of Y-V border trade to GDP is limitied
  82. 82. takes 20% in Y-V bilateral trade
  83. 83. contributes 1.6% to GDP growth </li></ul>
  84. 84. Border Trade of Guangxi-Vietnam <ul><li>5 national level ports, 7 provincial level ports, 27 border trade points
  85. 85. Dongxing is the largest border trade port
  86. 86. The total value in 2010 is 6 times as the value in 2005
  87. 87. Due to the economic problem emerged in Vietnam in 2010, the growth rate slowed down </li></ul>
  88. 88. Border Trade of Guangxi-Vietnam <ul><li>Import: some fluctuation, but tripled from 2005 to 2010
  89. 89. Export: robust and continuous growth
  90. 90. - the value in 2010 is 9 times the size of 2005
  91. 91. - annual average growth rate: 55% </li></ul>
  92. 92. Composition of Guangxi-Vietnam Border Trade <ul><li>Major Import in 2009
  93. 93. Industry products (42.8%) - coal (32.9%), zinc ore (3.9%)
  94. 94. Agriculture products (44.8%)
  95. 95. - aquatic products (21.8%)
  96. 96. - fresh and dried fruits (10.7%)
  97. 97. Major Export in 2009
  98. 98. Industry products (46.5%) - fabric (13.7%), garment (9.6%)
  99. 99. agriculture products (6.4%) - fresh and dried fruits (5.1%)
  100. 100. Structural Changes:
  101. 101. Import of agriculture products and nature resouces are incresing, while the export of agriculture products are decreasing </li></ul>
  102. 102. Border Trade and Economic Growth <ul><li>G-V border trade takes 70% in G-V bilateral trade
  103. 103. Border trade has promoted GDP growth
  104. 104. - the net growth of border trade promoted 11.2% to net GDP growth in 2009
  105. 105. the strategic role of border trade should be highlighted </li></ul>

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