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Disaster Preparedness & Business Continuity Meg Doherty MSN, ANP-BC, MBA bringing care home since 1920
Norwell VNA and Hospice• Non-profit provider of home health and hospice care: 100,000 home visits per year• 200 + employees: – 75% of whom are field staff visiting patients• Average Daily Patient Census: 600+ in 27 towns (Milton to Plymouth)• Care is provided 24/7, 365 days per year• Annual Budget $18 M
DISASTER STRIKES• 40% of businesses will not reopen• Another 25% fail within one year (FEMA)• United States Small Business Administration indicates > 90% of businesses fail within two years following disaster• Disruption costs $50 per minute for a $14 million company.• Scaled to the size of a small business, $2,400 is lost every 8 hours of downtime.
HOW TO PLAN• ORGANIZE A TEAM• IDENTIFY THE RISKS (ALL HAZARD ANALYSIS) – CONSIDER BUSINESS IMPACT – IDENTIFY WAYS TO MITIGATE RISKS• WRITE A PREPAREDNESS PLAN ADDRESSING: – Resource management – Emergency response • Crisis communications – Business continuity – Information technology – Employee assistance – Incident management – Training• Testing and Exercises – Test and evaluate your plan – Use exercise results to evaluate the effectiveness of the plan• Program Improvement
“Hurricane Katrina was the mostsignificant test of our new nationalemergency preparedness and responsesystem since 9/11 and it obviously didnot pass the test,”Joe Lieberman
STRUCTURAL 0.0Aircraft/auto/bus crash into facility 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 0.6Chemical/Hazmat Spill or release 0 3 5 2 5 1 1 5 3.2Fire/Smoke 0 3 5 5 5 3 3 5 3.4Explosion 0 1 5 5 5 0 0 3 3.4Gas Leak 0 1 0 0 5 1 1 3 1.0Flooding 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 4 0.2COMMUNITY 0.0Airplane, Auto, Bus crash 5 5 3 5 3 4 4 4 4.4Bioterrorist Act: Disease 0 4 5 0 5 3 4 1 3.1Chemical/Hazmat Spill or release 1 5 5 1 5 5 5 5 3.2Explosion 0 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 3.0Fire/Smoke 1 3 5 5 3 5 5 5 2.8Flooding 4 5 5 5 3 5 5 5 4.3Gas Leak 1 2 2 1 5 5 5 5 1.2Other Mass Casualty 0 3 5 5 5 5 5 5 3.0Summary: This tool looks at an organizations or a communitys vulnerability to the effects of various hazards. Using a scale of 1 to 5, the probability ofoccurrence and the impact potential are measured against mitigation activities and the resources available to respond to the hazard. The total is based ona formula that weighs risk heavily but provides credit for mitigation and response and recovery resources. The highest score possible is 5.0. The lowerthe total score, the lower the overall risk from the Hazard.Instructions:Score each hazard based on a scale of 0 to 5 with 5 being the highest.Add or delete hazards as required based on your analysis.Historical Occurrence: Based on number of occurrence in the last 20 years. Maximum is 5; if a new hazard use 0.Probability: Score 1 if less than 1%, 2 if less than 5%, 3 if less than 10%, 4 if less than 20%, and 5 if greater than 20%.Impact: Based on “worst-case scenario” - greatest possible impact should worst-case event occur.Final Step: Sort the Total Column in descending order once scoring is completed.Analysis Results:High Risk: Greater than 3.5Medium Risk: 2.0 to 3.5Low Risk: Less than 2
Safety and Emergency/Disaster Preparedness Program – who is involved? PATIENTS’ SAFETY COMES FIRST! Employer Employee Family Community
Sample: NVNA & Hospice Emergency Preparedness Policies• Workplace Safety Building Evacuation Physical Intrusion of Building• Safe Driving Guidelines• Personal Safety in the Community• Weather Emergency• Pandemic Policies
Sample: NVNA Employee Preparedness Program (cont.)• NVNA and Hospice Emergency Preparedness Guidelines• In the event of a weather-related, terrorism or national emergency, below you will find some guidelines that should be used to determine if you should report for work and how to prepare to do so.•• Some things to consider:• Keep car gas tank full.• Keep cell phone charged. Have car charger available.• Keep your ID badge with you at all times. It will get you to work in a state of emergency.• Program your cell phone with an “emergency” contact telephone number•• Car Emergency Kit:• Water• Food (i.e., peanut butter crackers)• Flashlight• Blanket•• Home Emergency Kit:• Money• Food• Water• Battery-powered radio or TV*• Flashlights• Extra Batteries (for flashlights, radio and/or TV)• First aid kit• Medications and eyeglasses•• *NOTE: Announcements by the Norwell Police and Fire Departments regarding emergency conditions in the town are broadcast on:•• Radio Station FM Call # AM Call #• WATD 95.9 ----• WPLM 99.1 1390
Sample: Helping Employees plan for the UnexpectedThere are some emergencies that we can prepare for. However, there are other emergencies for which there will be no warning. Although it is important forNVNA and Hospice to have a business plan in place in order to respond to urgent situations, it is just as critical that we all have family disaster plans in place.Since your family is not together 24 hours a day, family members need to consider how they would find each other in a crisis.This plan should include:Planning ChecklistEmergency Health Information FormEmergency Contact Information FormIdentification of Meeting PointsFamily Communication Plan FormOn the following pages are copies of these forms to help you begin your plan. Talk to your family. Discuss potential hazards, emergencies and disasters anddevelop your Family Disaster Plan. Also develop a plan on how you will transport and care for your pets.With some planning this plan can be developed and help alleviate fear of the unknown. We may not be able to predict everything that is going to happen butwe can always be prepared.Planning ChecklistsYou can prepare for a pandemic or emergency situation now. This checklist will help you gather the information and resources you may need incase of a flu pandemic or disaster.To plan for a pandemic:• Store a two-week supply of water and food. During a pandemic, if you cannot get to a store, or if stores are out of supplies, it will be important for you to have extra supplies on hand. This can be useful in other types of emergencies, such as power outages and disasters.• Have any nonprescription drugs and other health supplies on hand, including pain relievers, stomach remedies, cough and cold medicines, fluids with electrolytes, and vitamins.• Talk with family members and loved ones about how they would be cared for if they got sick, or what will be needed to care for them in your home.• Volunteer with local groups to prepare and assist with emergency response.• Get involved in your community as it works to prepare for a pandemic.•• To limit the spread of germs and prevent infection:•• Teach your family members to wash hands frequently with soap and water, and model the correct behavior.• Teach your family members to cover coughs and sneezes with tissues, and be sure to model that behavior.• Teach your family members to stay away from others as much as possible if they are sick. Stay home from work and school if sick.
NVNA & HOSPICE – ROLE IN COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS• Responsible for Medical Component of Town of Norwell’s Public Health which involves (an understanding that local response to any emergency may stand alone for 72 hours) – Local and regional participation in disaster planning/response (police, fire, government officials, volunteers, etc) – ID and intervention with special populations (elderly, cognitively impaired) – Anticipation and response to pandemic/biologic etc. incidents – Local/regional surveillance & reporting of communicable diseases to MA Department of Public Health – Assistance to all town departments with prevention, education and disease mitigation – Participation in coop activities – nvna business, town business, other
Information Sources• http://pandemicflue.gov• http://www.mass.gov.dph• http://www.cdc.gov• http://www.ready.gov/pandemic