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A simple introduction for the topic Mesopotamia.

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  1. 1. A Map of Today’s Major Cities<br />
  2. 2. Why are major cities located near water bodies?<br />
  3. 3. A Map of the Middle East<br />
  4. 4. Middle East Weather<br />Can you think what type of weather you can experience in the Middle East? <br />If you were to live in the Middle East, where in the Middle East would you want to live?<br />Why?<br />
  5. 5. Ancient Mesopotamia<br />
  6. 6. Geography of Mesopotamia<br />Mesopotamia means “the land between the rivers.”<br />Mesopotamia is a geographic name for the Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys where the 1st <br /> civilization was formed 5,000 years ago <br />The area is known to have fertile soil that was great for farming. <br />
  7. 7. Geography of Mesopotamia Continued<br />Ancient peoples were able to farm in Mesopotamia because the soil was very fertile and water was plentiful. <br />People were able to formed small farming communities in the area. <br />As time went by, these small farming communities grew to large cities<br />
  8. 8. Geography of Mesopotamia Continued<br />As these cities grew the people were able to assign different tasks to others. <br />This lead to people creating a specialized jobs within their communities. <br />As time pass by the communities were able to create a common culture (art, religion, language, etc…)<br />
  9. 9. Geography of Mesopotamia Continued<br />Over time the cities went to war with each other and they were able to formed an empire. <br />The first Mesopotamian empire is called Sumer. <br />“Fertile Crescent” and the “Cradle of Civilization” are two different names for Mesopotamia. <br />
  10. 10. The 10 Characteristics of Civilization<br />In order for a group of people to be called a “civilizations” they first must have 10 characteristics.<br />Every civilization, in the history of mankind, have these characteristics. <br />A civilization, must have all 10 characteristics.<br />The 10 Characteristics of Civilization are…..<br />
  11. 11. #1. Urban Communities<br />The people must live together in communities. This does not mean that everybody must live in a community (people like farmers, do not live in cities, towns, or villages) but there must be some part of the population living in some kind of community.<br />
  12. 12. #2 Religion<br />The society must have beliefs that try to answer “unanswerable” questions (such as, “why am I here?,” “what will happen to me after I die?,” etc…).<br />
  13. 13. #3 Literacy<br />The society must have the ability to read and write.<br />
  14. 14. #4 Government<br />The society must have a set of rules, have leaders, or a way to organized their society. <br />
  15. 15. #5 Specialization<br />The society must have specialization (or having people with a specific set of skills) that benefits all. <br />
  16. 16. #6 Tool-Making <br />The society must be able to make tools, that will benefit all, and be able to problem solve. <br />
  17. 17. #7 Social Classes<br />The society must be divided into different groups with common characteristics. <br />
  18. 18. #8 Concept of Time<br />A society must understand patterns like seasons, sunrise and sunsets, high and low tides, etc… which can be used to benefit the society. <br />
  19. 19. #9 Leisure<br />The society recognizes the value of arts, games, and other forms of entertainment. <br />
  20. 20. # 10 Education/Criticism<br />There must be a need to improve the individual or society.<br />
  21. 21. The Fertile Crescent<br />
  22. 22. The Cradle of Civilization<br />Mesopotamia is also known as “The Cradle of Civilization.”<br />Many of the everyday things we associate with civilization was first created/formed in Mesopotamia.<br />The first civilization, known as Summer, was located in Mesopotamia (or the Fertile Crescent). <br />
  23. 23. The Major Ancient Mesopotamian Empires<br />Sumer<br />Babylon<br />Assyria<br />Persia<br />
  24. 24. Achievements That Were Created/Invented inMesopotamia<br />Cuneiform, (first written language) <br />Religion: Polytheism, Ziggurats <br />The Code of Hammurabi: 1st written law code <br />Math/Science: multiplication/division, 360 degree circle, astronomy/calendar <br />The wheel<br />