The five pillars explained

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The five pillars explained

  1. 1. The Five Pillars of Islam Shahada Salat Zakat Sawm Hajj © Karen Devine 2008
  2. 2. Shahada <ul><li>A declaration of faith- “there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of God”. </li></ul><ul><li>A Muslim must say this creed with conviction, aloud, at least once in their lifetime. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Salat <ul><li>The performance of 5 daily ritual prayers facing Mecca. </li></ul><ul><li>The five prayer times are: </li></ul><ul><li>dawn prayer </li></ul><ul><li>midday prayer </li></ul><ul><li>mid afternoon prayer </li></ul><ul><li>sunset prayer </li></ul><ul><li>night prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer time is not determined by the clock, but by the position of the sun. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Salat <ul><li>Ritual purity must occur before praying. This includes washing: </li></ul><ul><li>hands and arms to the elbows </li></ul><ul><li>mouth and nose </li></ul><ul><li>feet to the ankles. </li></ul><ul><li>There are also requirements regarding the positions of prayer, intentions to pray, dress and the direction faced. </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer times around the world indicate the community of believers or umma. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Zakat <ul><li>Almsgiving </li></ul><ul><li>In Islam, all wealth belongs to God, humans are merely the custodians of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Zakat is a compulsory contribution of 1/40 of one’s surplus wealth to the needy. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an act of obedience to Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>Zakat shows that all are equal before Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary contributions are also encouraged. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sawm <ul><li>Fasting occurs in the 9th month of the Muslim year (Ramadan). </li></ul><ul><li>Sawm involves abstaining from food, drink, smoking and sex during daylight hours. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an increased focus on prayer and meditation. </li></ul><ul><li>The motivation behind the fast is obedience to the divine command in the Qur’an. </li></ul><ul><li>By fasting, Muslims seek to share in the suffering of the poor and seek reconciliation and forgiveness. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hajj <ul><li>The Hajj is a pilgrimage to Mecca which all Muslims are expected to make at least once in their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>It is performed in the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>All pilgrims bathe, have a haircut and dress in white. </li></ul><ul><li>They are all equal in one united umma. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hajj <ul><li>At Mecca the pilgrims perform a number of rites recalling the life of the prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>The climax of the pilgrimage is the great festival, the festival of sacrifice. </li></ul><ul><li>At this festival many animals are slaughtered and the meat is given to the poor. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Question Time <ul><li>Research the changes that have occurred in Mecca in recent years as a result of the Hajj. </li></ul>

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