Age of Exploration

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Age of Exploration

  1. 1. <ul><li>I will understand why Europeans wanted to explore to other areas of the world & what helped them get there. </li></ul>Motivated by Christian faith and a desire for profit Europeans want to explore distant lands. Caravel, a small, light ship with triangular sails .
  2. 2. <ul><li>3 Reasons Europeans Seek New Trade Routes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God  Expand Christian religions – mainly Catholic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glory  increase patriotism and popularity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold  find new sources of wealth </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Technology Makes Exploration Possible • In 1400s, the caravel makes it possible to sail against wind  caravel = ocean going ship with triangular sails • Astrolabe = use sun & stars for navigation • Magnetic compass - improves tracking of direction
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Portuguese Explore Africa </li></ul><ul><li>• Prince Henry (the Navigator) supports exploration </li></ul><ul><li> starts navigation school </li></ul><ul><li>• have trading posts along west coast of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>1488, Bartholomew Diaz sails around southern tip of Africa </li></ul>
  5. 6. A Rival Power - SPAIN • In 1492, Christopher Columbus sails for Spain • Convinces Spanish to support plan to reach Asia by sailing west • Reaches the Americas instead • Opens Americas to exploration and colonization • In 1493, pope divides these lands between Spain and Portugal – Line of Demarcation • Agreement formalized by Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494
  6. 7. Back to Portugal • Portugal sends an emissary to east coast of Africa to set up friendly relations • In 1498, Vasco da Gama sails to India • In 1499, da Gama returns to Portugal with valuable cargo
  7. 8. Portugal’s Trading Empire • In 1509, Portugal defeats Muslims, takes over Indian Ocean trade • In 1510, Portugal captures Goa, port city in western India • In 1511, Portugal seizes Malacca, on Malay Peninsula • These gains break Muslim-Italian hold on Asian trade through the Mediterranean Sea
  8. 9. Other Nations Challenge the Portuguese • English and Dutch begin moving into Asia in 17th century • Dutch have more ships (20,000) than any other nation in 1600 • Dutch and English weaken Portuguese control of Asian trade • Dutch then overpower English • Form Dutch East India Company for Asian trade
  9. 10. The Jackalope aka The “Warrior Rabbit” To avoid injury, quickly fall to the ground, remain calm, lie still and hum any country song about divorce.
  10. 11. European Trade Outposts • In 1619, Dutch set up trade headquarters at Batavia, on Java • Dutch also control southern tip of Africa • Throughout 1600s, Dutch trade grows making Amsterdam (Dutch capital) a wealthy city • England’s East India Company & France gain strength in India continued Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean
  11. 12. Hernando Cortes <ul><li>Personal Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>born in Medellin, Spain in 1485 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Went to law school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to be a conquistador </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1504 joined expedition to New World </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Country Represented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goals of the Explorer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to be a conquistador </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquer the Aztecs </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Goals of the Explorer’s Patron </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Want new land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different goods to trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ships/Supplies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11 ships, 500 soldiers, 13 horses and cannons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional men and horses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Route </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain  Trinidad  Cuba  Yucatan Peninsula  Tabasco  San Juan de Ulau  Tenochtitlan  Cuba  Tenochtitlan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hardships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough terrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailors want to go back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflicts with natives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not used to weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough weapons </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Contact with Natives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning = mean/rough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle = threatening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End = friendly/scared – Montezuma dies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time Frame </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1511 - 1522 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals were met </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Spain Also Makes Claims A Rival Power - SPAIN • In 1492, Christopher Columbus sails for Spain • Convinces Spanish to support plan to reach Asia by sailing west • Reaches the Americas instead • Opens Americas to exploration and colonization • In 1493, pope divides these lands between Spain and Portugal – Line of Demarcation • Agreement formalized by Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494
  15. 16. Back to Portugal • Portugal sends an emissary to east coast of Africa to set up friendly relations • In 1498, Vasco da Gama sails to India • In 1499, da Gama returns to Portugal with valuable cargo
  16. 17. Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean Portugal’s Trading Empire • In 1509, Portugal defeats Muslims, takes over Indian Ocean trade • In 1510, Portugal captures Goa, port city in western India • In 1511, Portugal seizes Malacca, on Malay Peninsula • These gains break Muslim-Italian hold on Asian trade through the Mediterranean Sea
  17. 18. Other Nations Challenge the Portuguese • English and Dutch begin moving into Asia in 17th century • Dutch have more ships (20,000) than any other nation in 1600 • Dutch and English weaken Portuguese control of Asian trade • Dutch then overpower English • Form Dutch East India Company for Asian trade continued Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean
  18. 19. European Trade Outposts • In 1619, Dutch set up trade headquarters at Batavia, on Java • Dutch also control southern tip of Africa • Throughout 1600s, Dutch trade grows making Amsterdam (Dutch capital) a wealthy city • England’s East India Company & France gain strength in India continued Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean
  19. 20. <ul><li>I will understand why Europeans wanted to explore to other areas of the world & what helped them get there. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>Spain : </li></ul><ul><li>France : </li></ul><ul><li>England : </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>LOCATION EXPLORED </li></ul><ul><li>Spain : </li></ul><ul><li>France : </li></ul><ul><li>England : </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>CONTACT WITH THE NATIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Spain : </li></ul><ul><li>France : </li></ul><ul><li>England : </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>RESULTS </li></ul><ul><li>Spain : </li></ul><ul><li>France : </li></ul><ul><li>England : </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Similarities GOALS Differences </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Similarities LOCATION Differences </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Goals Achieved? How do you know? </li></ul><ul><li>Spain : </li></ul><ul><li>France : </li></ul><ul><li>England : </li></ul>

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