Industries in LEDC’s <ul><li>Learning Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To identify the differences between the employment structures of MEDC’s and LEDC’s </li></ul><ul><li>To understand how some LEDC’s have become Newly Industrialised Countries (NIC’s) </li></ul>
The economies of many LEDC’s are still dominated by primary activities, mainly agriculture. This is reflected in their employment structures; typically more than 50% of the workforce are employed in agriculture.
Country % employed in primary industries % employed in secondary industries % employed in tertiary industries Germany Japan Brazil South Korea China Kenya
In countries in sub-Saharan Africa, farming is the way of life for almost everyone. In Mali for example, trading and a tiny amount of craft industry and food processing are confined to the capital city, Bamako. The employment pattern is the reverse of that of MEDC’s. Scatter graph to show the relationship between employment in agriculture against country’s wealth in South America.
In some LEDC’s the secondary and tertiary sectors are now important. Look at Mexico, Brazil, South Korea and Malaysia below. These countries are some examples of newly industrialising countries (NICs) , so-called because there has been sufficient industrial growth for it to make a substantial contribution to the economy.
The LEDC’s share of world manufacturing has increased, even though the concentration in MEDC’s, where only one quarter of the world’s people live, remains overwhelming. The LEDC’s share is predicted to increase further. Some of this industrial growth has been associated with investment by transnationals.