Role of a psychologist in naval training

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The presentation was delivered by Lieutenant Commander Habib at Bangladesh Naval Academy on 16 May 2014.

The presentation was delivered by Lieutenant Commander Habib at Bangladesh Naval Academy on 16 May 2014.

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  • In some cases the psychologists might not be the one directly handling the hostage situation, but hostage negotiators find value in resolving the hostage crisis using many of the scientific principles that are derived from the science of psychology.
    In addition, many of the principles of the scientific discipline of Clinical Psychology have their roots in the work of the early military psychologists of WW-II.

  • Actually psychological assistance starts right from counselling.
  • Biological therapy: psychologist (other than medical background) can’t prescribe medication, but can refer to the physician for medication.
  • Biological therapy: psychologist (other than medical background) can’t prescribe medication, but can refer to the physician for medication.
  • Free association: Talks about subject without censoring. Unconscious urges are eventually revealed.
    Dream analysis: Dreams reveal unconscious urges symbolically. Psychoanalyst deciphers latent (true meaning) content of dreams.
    Interpretation: Opinion about themes/issues influencing client’s behavior
    Resistance: Avoidance or denial of certain topics or issues.
    Transference: Form of projection. Transferring feelings and emotions towards positive event.
    Humanistic therapy: Focuses less on unconscious and more on conscious actions. Person needs supportive environment to self-explore and heal.
    Client-centered therapy: Focus comes from person or client. Therapists facilitate self-awareness and personal growth through: Empathy, Genuineness, and Unconditional positive regard.
    Behaviour therapy: Behavior therapy focuses on changing current behaviors; also called behavior modification. Behavioral perspective – behavior is result of environmental stimuli and consequences. Two categories of treatment: classical conditioning and operant conditioning techniques.
    Classical conditioning=Two techniques to “undo” association – systematic desensitization and aversion therapy. Replace fear or anxiety with relaxation response (two responses are competing responses – both can’t exist together).
    Operant conditioning= Pairing an unpleasant stimulus with the undesired behavior. Occurs naturally in life (e.g. food poisoning).
    Can be used to treat alcoholism (Antabuse) or other addictive or maladaptive behaviors
    Cognitive Therapy: Change maladaptive patterns of thinking and perceiving. Replace with more adaptive patterns
    Cognitive-behaviour therapy: Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) combines behavior and cognitive therapy. Highly effective in treating anxiety, depression, eating disorders and substance abuse.
    Drug therapy: Medications used to treat mental health problems – most common biomedical therapy. Not a cure, but can reduce symptoms. Stabilizes symptoms so psychological issues can be addressed








  • Biological therapy: psychologist (other than medical background) can’t prescribe medication, but can refer to the physician for medication.
  • Biological therapy: psychologist (other than medical background) can’t prescribe medication, but can refer to the physician for medication.
  • Biological therapy: psychologist (other than medical background) can’t prescribe medication, but can refer to the physician for medication.

Transcript

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  • 4. MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY Military psychology is the research, design and application of psychological theories and empirical data towards understanding, predicting and countering behaviours either in war or in peace e.g. training. 5 It is derived from different psychology disciplines into a tool used by the military, to enable the troops to better survive the stresses of war and training. Cont.
  • 5. MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY 6 These stresses include PTSD, guilt, family difficulties, nightmares, flashbacks, fatigue, anxiety, frustration, depression etc. Military Psychologist applies different approaches from counselling to therapies in order to treat the stress and psychological trauma.
  • 6. Provides specialized aid to personnel (sailors, officers), their families, and the victims of the events. 7  Study the dynamics of behaviour  Train personnel  Consult on hostage negotiations, Conflict resolution, peace keeping etc. Cont.
  • 7. 8  Fitness for Duty Evaluations, especially in high risk and high reliability occupations.  Maximizes the human capital investment in the workplace by optimizing retention of the talents of active and prospective service men.  Minimizing risk in many areas including violence, mishap, and injury potential.
  • 8. 9Cont.  Guidance and Counselling are twin concepts.  Emerged as essential elements in every training & educational activity.  Not synonymous terms.  Guidance means to indicate, point out, show the way, lead out & direct.  Broader and comprehensive.  Preventive. Counselling is a part of guidance. A specialized service of guidance.  It is the process of helping the individuals learn more about themselves, their presents & their possible future situation to make a substantial contribution to the society.  In-depth and narrow.  Remedial.
  • 9. 10Cont.
  • 10. 11Cont.  Techniques to help people deal with psychological or interpersonal problems.  Focus on changing behavior.  Therapy approaches are related to the main theoretical perspectives and beliefs about root of behavior.
  • 11. 12Cont. Psychotherapy: Use of psychological principles/ techniques to treat mental health disorders or interpersonal problems; assumes root is psychological. Biological therapy: Use of medications or other medical interventions to treat problems; assumes root is biological.
  • 12. 13Cont.  Mental health disorder  Maladaptive or interfering behaviour  Coping with general life problems (relationship issues)
  • 13. 14Cont.  Free Association  Dream Analysis  Interpretation  Resistance  Transference Dream Analysis : Dreams reveal unconscious urges symbolically. Psychoanalyst traces latent (true meaning) content of dreams. Transference : Form of projection. Transferring feelings and emotions towards positive event. Resistance : Avoidance or denial of certain topics or issues.Interpretation : Opinion about themes/issues influencing client’s behavior Free Association : Talks about subject without censoring. Unconscious urges are eventually revealed.Focuses less on unconscious and more on conscious actions. Person needs supportive environment to self- explore and heal.Focus comes from person or client. Therapists facilitate self- awareness and personal growth through: Empathy, Genuineness, and Unconditional positive regard. Behavior therapy focuses on changing current behaviors; also called behavior modification. Two categories of treatment: Classical Conditioning  Operant Conditioning Change maladaptive patterns of thinking and perceiving. Replace with more adaptive patterns Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) combines behavior and cognitive therapy. Highly effective in treating anxiety, depression, eating disorders and substance abuse.Medications used to treat mental health problems. Not a cure, but can reduce symptoms. Stabilizes symptoms so psychological issues can be addressed.
  • 14. 15 Change the Perspective! Activating Event (A) Belief Consequence (Behavioural / Emotional) Dispute New Effect (B) (E)(D) (C)
  • 15. 16  Answers are not simple or straightforward.  Many factors related to effectiveness.  Eclectic, integrated and diverse approach is required.
  • 16. 17  Psychology is the science of behaviour and mental process.  Military psychology is derived from many psychological principles and used in war and peace.  Military psychologist provides psychological assistance in war and training where high risks are involved and reliability is indispensable.  Uses of therapy. Cognitive-behaviour therapy.  Many factors related to effectiveness.  Eclectic, integrated and diverse approach is required.