The Death of the Author Art 109A: Art since 1945 Westchester Community College Fall 2012 Dr. Melissa HallViviana Ponton, Visual interpretation of the essay "The Death ofthe Author" by Roland Barthes.http://www.behance.net/gallery/Death-of-the-Author/3068723
Death of the AuthorThe literary concept of the "death ofthe author" was explored by theFrench literary critic and culturaltheorist Roland Barthes in the1960s French critic and philosopher Roland Barthes, c. 1960 Image source: http://telos.tv/blog/
Death of the AuthorHe raised the question of where themeaning of a text comes from Image source: http://bookblogs.ning.com/forum/topics/currently-reading-1?commentId=2071157%3AComment %3A21273
Death of the AuthorIs it in the text, or is it produced inthe act of reading? Image source: http://www.dundrummethodist.com/dev/?page_id=76
Death of the AuthorTraditionally, meaning was thoughtto reside within the text, expressingthe original intention of the author Image source: http://www.123rf.com/photo_5600413_william-shakespeare-s-hamlet-original-middle-english-text- from-the-first-folio-of-1623-with-stamp--s.html
Death of the AuthorBarthes argued that this method ofcriticism imposes limitations on thetext “To give a text an Author is to impose a limit on that text, to furnish it with a final signified, to close the writing.” Roland Barthes, “Death of the Author” Image source: http://blogs.windsorstar.com/2012/07/25/all-the-worlds-a-stage-windsor-teen-to-raise-money-for- school-by-reciting-shakespeare/
Death of the AuthorBarthes argued that meaning isproduced in the act of interpretation “It is language which speaks, not the author.” Roland Barthes, Death of the Author Image source: http://www.turnbacktogod.com/the-bible-on-one-page/
Death of the Author“The essential meaning of a workdepends on the impressions of thereader, rather than the "passions"or "tastes" of the writer; "a textsunity lies not in its origins," or itscreator, "but in its destination," orits audience.”“Death of the Author,” Wikipedia Viviana Ponton, Visual interpretation of the essay "The Death of the Author" by Roland Barthes. http://www.behance.net/gallery/Death-of-the-Author/3068723
Death of the AuthorBarthes’ ideas are similar to thoseexpressed by Marcel Duchamp in“The Creative Act”“All in all, the creative act is notperformed by the artist alone;the spectator brings the work incontact with the external worldby deciphering and interpretingits inner qualification and thusadds his contribution to thecreative act.”Marcel Duchamp, “The Creative Act,” 1957 John D. Schiff, Marcel Duchamp, 1958/1959 Image source: http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/11/view/2045/designboom-x-mas-picks-from-art-and-design- auctions-kunsthaus-lempertz.html
Death of the AuthorIn literary theory, the “death of theauthor” was accompanied by the“birth of the reader,” and a newemphasis upon reading andinterpretation as a creative act ofmaking meaning Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2008_reading_book_3124785808.jpg
Death of the AuthorIn this view, reading is an activitywhere meaning is produced, ratherthan passively consumed“The birth of the reader must be atthe cost of the death of the Author.”Roland Barthes Image source: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/travelblogs/271/43408/All+the+Cool+Kids+Read +Books?destId=362644
Death of the AuthorIn the visual arts, the “death of theauthor" was signaled by the shiftfrom the Abstract Expressionistmodel of the picture as expressionof the artists emotion towards anew paradigm that focuses on theviewer’s experience Hans Namuth, Jackson Pollock in his Studio, 1950
Death of the AuthorThis applies as much toHappenings, as it does to PostPainterly Abstraction andMinimalism Ellsworth Kelly, Colors for a Large Wall, 1951 Museum of Modern Art
Death of the AuthorCancelling out the artist makesroom for the viewer to becomeinvolved in completing the work Yayoi Kusama, Mirror Room - Phalli’s Field, museum Boymans van Beuningen in Rotterdam Image source: Flickr
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