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Research, leadership and management
 

Research, leadership and management

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Research, Lewadership and Management

Research, Lewadership and Management

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    Research, leadership and management Research, leadership and management Presentation Transcript

    • SEMINAR ON ROLE OF RESEARCH,LEADERShip AND MANAGEMENT
    • Nurse means to foster or cherish ; to treat of handle with care; to bring up; to train and to preserve. So the name nurse suggest attendance and service. The root meaning of the word research is to search again or to examine carefully.
    • DEFINITION Research may be defined as planned, systematic search for information for the purpose of increasing the total body of mans knowledge. It involves looking for information which at the time in not available or for which that has no generally accepted evidence.
    • ROLE OF RESEARCH IN NURSING Build a body of nursing knowledge Validate improvement in nursing Make health care efficient as well as cost effective.
    • SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH IN NURSING To improve nursing care For the Patients out comes For the health care delivery system The knowledge generated through research is essential to provide a scientific basis for Description, Explanation Prediction To control of nursing practices.
    • REASONS FOR UNDERTAKING RESEARCH IN NURSING Promote basis for infrastructure’ Development of new tools Informs public, regarding research findings Effective planning.
    • NEED FOR NURSING RESEARCH To develop nursing theories To discover and develop THE means of nursing actions to provide answers to guide the practioners in a decision making process to document their role as well to demonstrate the quality of care To meet the demands of the society
    • PURPOSES OF NURSE IN RESEARCH Discover the new facts Finding answers to partially solved problems Improve the existing techniques Discover previously unrecognized findings Discovering new pathway of action
    • ROLE OF NURSE IN RESEARCH Read and interpret the report of research Identifying the areas of nursing where research is needed Collaborate intelligently with researches Discuss with patient
    • MILESTONE OF NURSING RESEARCH FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE NURSING RESEARCH FROM 1900 TO THE 1960’ NURSING RESEARCH IN THE 1970S NURSING RESEARCH IN THE 1980S AND 1900S
    • LEADERSHIP The origin of the word lead is to go. The verb to lead can be defined in several ways to guide , to run in specific direction, to direct, to be first and to open play.
    • DEFINITION • John Maxwell : The first step to leadership is servant hood • Jesse Jackson : leadership has a harder job to do than just choose sides , It must bring sides together
    • LEADERSHIP THEORIES Trait theory Leadership style theory • Laissez –faire style •Democratic style •Authoritarian Situational theory
    • DIFFERENCES BETWEEN LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT •LEADERS DO THE RIGHT THING AND MANAGERS DO THINGS RIGHT •LEADERS ARE CREATIVE AND RISK TAKERS; MANAGERS ARE CONCERNED WITH STATUS AND TAKING FEW RISKS •LEADERSHIP CAN BE PRACTISED BY EVERYONE. •OUR WORLD IS ENHANCED WHEN ALL MANAGERS ARE LEADERS AND ALL LEADERS ARE MANAGERS
    • NEED OF LEADERSHIP IN NURSING Raise the consciousness of nurse For team building Foundation block for nursing practice Increase in the body of knowledge To provide direction Supervision Inspiring the staff Role model
    • PERSPECTIVES ON FOLLOWERSHIP Sheep “yes ” people Alienated followers Effective followers
    • COMPONENTS OF LEADERSHIP MOVEMENT L –Leader F-Followers S-Situations C- Communication G- Goals G C L F S
    • CONTINUUM OF LEADER BEHAVIOR Subordinates are invited to question ideas from the leaders Relationship Oriented freedom for subordintes Democratic Task Oriented authority by the leader Authoritari an Subordinates are allowed to without limits Subordinates are told of the leaders decision
    • ROLE OF NURSING LEADERS Widen nursing horizons To enhance professional knowledge and skill Strive towards professional autonomy
    • SKILLS THAT A NURSE SHOULD POSSESS FOR BEING AN EFFECTIVE LEADER CRITICAL THINKING DECISION MAKING PROBLEM SOLVING
    • LEADING A CHANGE BUILDING TEAMS POWER , POLITICS, POLICY
    • TYPES OF DECISIONS Routine decisions Innovative decisions Routine decisions can be used to respond to frequently occurring, common, and reasonable well Innovative decisions are made when the situation or problem is unusual and the rules and guidelines do not clearly define or dictate s course of action. Nurses, from the bedside to top administration, need to make these kinds of decisions frequently.
    • PROBLEM SOLVING Problem solving should be group involving all individuals or groups affected by the problem. Problems can also be viewed as opportunities to make change and improve outcomes. Start the investigation with who, what, when, where why, and how.
    • NURSES LEADING CHANGE Change means to be different, to cause to be different, or to alter. Change may be personal or organizational and can occur suddenly or incrementally.
    • GROUP WORK Even though nurses may deliver care as individuals, they are usually part of a care giving team working in concert. Nurses usually work in diverse care giving. As the size of the group grows, group dynamics become more complex, and the opportunities for misunderstanding friction, and conflict grow. • • • • GROUP STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Stage 1 FORMING Stage 2 STORMING Stage 3 NORMING Stage 4 PERFORMING
    • POWER- it’s the ability to control, dominate, or manipulated the actions of others. Power is important in nursing because having it is necessary to achieve goals as individual, professionals and leaders POLITICS- power & politics are the means to achieve the health care goals in compassionate and human ways. POLICIES- these are the written directives or actions to follow to meet the identified ends and goals. The three major parts of policy are; 1.A purpose or goal 2.A policy rule 3.Actions to be followed to implement rule
    • MANAGEMENT The “word manages “came from the word “hand”. Managing means handling things. nurses manage care for individual clients, families, and communities in hospitals, outpatient settings, clinics, health departments, home health agencies as well as in other specialized health care organizations.
    • DEFINITION • management is defined as the process by which a co operative group directs action towards common goals.-Joseph Massie • Never tell people how to do things. Tell them what to do and they will surprise you with their ingenuity. –George S. Patton
    • MANAGEMENT THEORY TIME MOTION THEORY HUMAN INTERACTION THEORY MOTIVATIONAL THEORY
    • QUALITIES OF A MANAGER: • Have an assigned position within formal organization • Are expected to carry out specific actions. • Manipulate individuals, the environment, money, time and other source to achieve goals. • Have a greater formal responsibility and accountability and control than leaders. • Direct willing and unwilling subordinates
    • FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT PLANNING ORGANISING STAFFING DIRECTING CO-ORDINATING REPORTING BUDGETING
    • NEED OF MANAGEMENT IN NURSING: • Nurses need to be manager to manage change, resolve conflicts and making organizational goals, focus on care of patient, support of organization, profession • Management helps nurses to take decision in organization. • The role of management in nursing is to provide opportunities for managers to manage their own work and give clear directions to nursing personnel. • It provides opportunity for persons to manage their own work and give clear directions.
    • MANAGEMENT FOR NURSES: • • • • • • TEAM BUILDER DECISION MAKER COMMUNICATOR NEGOTIATOR DELEGATOR MENTOR
    • SKILLS FOR BEING AN EFFECTIVE MANAGER • PLANNING AND MARKETING FOR AHEALTHY ORGANIZATION • MANGING PATIENT QUALITY AND PATIENT SAFETY • BUDGETING • STAFFING • MAXIMIZING EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE • CELEBRATES CULTURAL DIVERSITY
    • BUDGETING Nurses are entering into a new reality of practice that is controlled by costs. nurses need to keep in mind that money spent in any area must be budgeted. if unbudgeted money is spent, if the category is over budget or over the projected budget, then that money must be subtracted from another area. there is not an infinite supply of money that can be spent, no matter what the reason. Keep In mind that practice makes perfect . Planning and budgeting are learned skills.
    • ASSESSMENT PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION
    • THE NURSE MANAGER’S ROLE IN BUDGETING Today healthcare organizations understood the importance of nursing involvement in the budget process. STAFFING PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL CULTURAL DIVERSITY
    • CONCLUSION From the above studies, nurses must be prepared to look into the matters of research, leadership and management. Managerial concepts are needed by nurses at all levels, focus on how to deal with people, how to manage resources, how to lead people to attain their goals and how to manage ones job. Research is need to change the outlook of the nursing professions and to widen the horizons of nursing profession.