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Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy
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Psychotherapy

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Psycho Therapy

Psycho Therapy

Published in: Education
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  • 1. PSYCHOTHERAPY Sathish RAJAMANI. M.Sc (N) Lecturer, AMCON - CBE
  • 2. DEFINITION
    • The Treatment of emotional or related bodily problems by psychological means.
    • It is a process of helping a distressed person, which aims at facilitating a change in his feelings, attitudes and behavior by means of verbal and emotional communication.
  • 3. OBJECTIVES
    • Removing, modifying or retarding existing symptoms.
    • Changing disturbed patterns of behavior.
    • Promoting positive personality growth and development.
    • Finding out causes for emotional problems.
    • Environmental manipulation
    • To improve IPR.
  • 4. PSYCHOTHERAPY SCIENCE ART
  • 5. DIFFERENCES
    • Goal: Preventive
    • Focus: Problems/Issue oriented. (Pre Marital. Marital and Disaster Counseling).
    • Techniques:
      • Emotional Support
      • Re Assurance
      • Explanation
      • Education
    • Goal: Curative
    • Focus: Treatment Oriented.
    • Techniques:
    • Abreaction
      • Interpretation
      • Analysis
      • Behavior Modification
      • Free Association
      • Dream Analysis
  • 6. TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY
    • Depth of probing into the unconscious mind.
      • Superficial / Short term / Supportive
      • Deep / Long term / Analysis
      • No of Patients Treated
      • Individual
      • Group
      • Family
  • 7. TYPES
    • Purpose of which it is given,
      • Supportive or Guidance
      • Re – Constructive
      • Re Build
  • 8. TECHNIQUES
    • Ventilation
    • Abreaction
    • Reassurance
    • Explanation
    • Suggestion
    • Reinforcement
    • Recreation
    • Work as a therapy
    • Persuasion
  • 9. VENTILATION
    • It is the process of allowing the release of bottled emotions.
    • It helps to express the suppressed emotions.
    • Patient is allowed to talk whatever comes into his mind.
  • 10. ABREACTION
    • It is a process of exploring a repressed emotions.
    • Example: ‘Ok’, Than What Happened?
  • 11. REASSURANCE
    • Supportive approach.
    • Example: “You do not have a serious problem. I am confident that you will get well”.
  • 12. EXPLANATION
    • Explanations are provided to remove misconceptions and to provide proper understanding of a problem.
  • 13. SUGGESTION
    • Suggestion is a process by which symptoms relief is achieved through positive statements made with a degree of firmness and authority.
  • 14. PERSUASION
    • Persuasion is a procedure in which therapist urges the patient repeatedly to change his behavior or to try new methods of dealing with his problem.
  • 15. REINFORCEMENT
    • Reinforcement or rewards are potent methods to enhance the desired behavior.
    • They can be verbal or material in nature.
  • 16. RECREATION
    • It helps to break the monotony of work.
    • It is essentially required for the patients who have developed emotional problems as a result of having to perform monotonous and hard work.
  • 17. WORK AS THERAPY
    • When a person engages in work his preoccupation with emotional problems decreases..
    • It enhances self – esteem, and helps to resolve conflicts in many circumstances.
  • 18. RELAXATION
    • It is especially useful for the anxious individual.
    • It is an effective intervention for many psychosomatic problems like, HT, PUD, BA and Migraine.
    • Example: Yoga and Asanas.

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