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EDUC605 Lit Review-Presentation



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  • 1. Enhancing EFL instruction through mobile learning
    Mohammed Nour
    July 19, 2011
  • 2. Contents
    Mobile learning (m-learning) explained
    m-learning vs. e-learning
    Focus of studies
    Common themes (6)
  • 3. Mobile learning (m-learning) explained
    “learning mediated via handheld devices and available anytime, anywhere”*
    Video: Mobile learning (
    *(Kukulska-Hulme and Shield, 2008, p. 273)
  • 4. m-learning vs. e-learning
    m-learning is an extension of e-learning
    Image: Flexible learning model*
    *(Brown, 2004)
  • 5. Focus of studies
    EFL (as opposed to ESL)
    where most research has been done
    where my experience is applicable
    Mobile phones (as opposed to other devices)
    widespread use across the world
    inclusive of numerous functions and features
  • 6. Theme #1: Access to education
    access to new learning opportunities
    provide equal access for all learners
    Wireless access protocol (WAP) site in Korea
    listening materials provided via a WAP site
  • 7. Theme #2: Active learning
    learning is a more active (rather than passive) experience
    students are more engaged
    Real-time learning in China
    live polls during lectures
  • 8. Theme #3: Constructive learning
    learning occurs by building upon previous knowledge
    reflection and transfer are encouraged
    SMS texting research in Turkey
    vocabulary words sent with increasing difficulty
  • 9. Theme #4: Informal learning
    learning can happen “anytime and anywhere”*
    the classroom walls are extended
    MP3 device use in the UK
    students incorporate devices into personal activities
    *(Cavus et al., 2009, p. 81)
  • 10. Theme #5: Student/Teacher attitudes
    Current scenario
    students find traditional EFL instruction boring
    teachers complain about lack of student interest
    SMS texting study in Bangladesh
    students are motivated by m-learning opportunities
    teachers are interested, but apprehensive
  • 11. Theme #6: Student achievement
    Current scenario
    problems with retention of concepts
    cannot apply instruction to real-life situations
    Mobile email and video site in Japan
    results nearly double vs. paper/web-based instruction
    video samples aid on quiz scores
  • 12. Questions
  • 13. References
    Begum, R. (2011). Prospect for Cell Phones as Instructional Tools in the EFL Classroom: A Case Study of Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. English Language Teaching, 4(1), 105-115. Retrieved from
    Brown, T. (2004). The role of m-learning in the future of e-learning in Africa. In D. Murphy, R. Carr, J. Taylor & W. Tat-meng (Eds.), Distance education and technology: Issues and practice (pp. 197 - 216). Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from
    Cavus, N., & Ibrahim, D. (2009). m-Learning: An experiment in using SMS to support learning new English language words. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(1), 78-91. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00801
    Kukulska- Hulme, A. & Shield, L. (2008). An overview of mobile assisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaboration and interaction: Recall 20(3), 271-289. doi: 10.1017/S0958344008000335
    Nah, K.C., White, P., & Sussex, R. (2008). The potential of using a mobile phone to Access the Internet for learning EFL listening skills within a Korean context. ReCALL, 20(3), 331-347. doi:10.1017/S0958344008000633
    Ros I Solé, C., Calic, J., & Neijmann, D. (2010). A social and self-reflective approach to MALL. ReCALL, 22(1), 39-52. doi:10.1017/S0958344009990188
    Thornton, P., & Houser, C. (2005). Using mobile phones in English education in Japan. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21(3), 217-228. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.2005.00129
    Wang, M., Shen, R., Novak, D., & Pan, X. (2009). The impact of mobile learning on students' learning behaviours and performance: Report from a large blended classroom. British Journal of Educational Technology, 40(4), 673-695. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00846