How do New Zealand fisheries compare? Bob Zuur Marine Advocate WWF-New Zealand
Some of our commercial fish <ul><li>Hoki  </li></ul><ul><li>Orange roughy </li></ul><ul><li>Snapper </li></ul><ul><li>Sthn...
Fisheries management <ul><li>Commercial fisheries managed under the quota management system (QMS)  </li></ul><ul><li>Where...
Landed commercial catch by species groups, 1990–2008  Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
Proportion of world fish catches - 2006 Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports, 1995–2006  Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
Impacts of fishing <ul><li>Target fish stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Fish bycatch (commercial species and others) </li></ul><ul...
Trawled area Source: MfE 2008 trawl footprint
Stock status for assessed fish stocks, 2006–2008  Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
FAO Code of Conduct <ul><li>WWF and UBC assessed compliance to Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Assessment criteria <ul><li>Clear management reference points </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of irresponsible fishing </li></...
Overall
Management reference points <ul><li>Quota management system </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonably good information </li></ul><ul><l...
Irresponsible fishing <ul><li>Bottom trawling </li></ul><ul><li>Bycatch of protected species </li></ul><ul><li>Bycatch of ...
Protected areas <ul><li>Pioneer in marine reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Seamount closures </li></ul><ul><li>Less progress rec...
Indigenous peoples <ul><li>Fisheries settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Te Ohu Kai Moana </li></ul>
Reducing over-capacity <ul><li>Individually transferable quotas </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest impact on small boats </li></ul>
Illegal fishing <ul><li>Patrol vessels, aircraft, satellites  </li></ul><ul><li>Some foresign offshore vessels </li></ul><...
Ecosystem-based management <ul><li>Fisheries Act refers to associated species, biodiversity, avoid adverse effects </li></...
What can I do?   <ul><li>When you buy seafood, ask what species it is  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid the red species listed ...
Can I really make a difference at the supermarket?   <ul><li>Yes! </li></ul><ul><li>Some supermarkets in Europe and North ...
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Bob Zuur on NZ fisheries management

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Full details at http://www.victoria.ac.nz/chaplains/whatson/do-something-fish.html

A Human FM-sponsored DO SOMETHING! event at the VUW Anglican Chaplaincy.
www.dosomething.org.nz

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Bob Zuur on NZ fisheries management

  1. 1. How do New Zealand fisheries compare? Bob Zuur Marine Advocate WWF-New Zealand
  2. 2. Some of our commercial fish <ul><li>Hoki </li></ul><ul><li>Orange roughy </li></ul><ul><li>Snapper </li></ul><ul><li>Sthn bluefin tuna </li></ul><ul><li>Arrow squid </li></ul><ul><li>Rock lobster </li></ul><ul><li>Mussels </li></ul>Images: MFish
  3. 3. Fisheries management <ul><li>Commercial fisheries managed under the quota management system (QMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Where individual transferrable quota (ITQ) for fish stocks are owned by private interests. </li></ul><ul><li>The quantity of fish that can be taken for each stock in a fishing year is the total allowable catch (TAC). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Landed commercial catch by species groups, 1990–2008 Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
  5. 5. Proportion of world fish catches - 2006 Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
  6. 6. Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports, 1995–2006 Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
  7. 7. Impacts of fishing <ul><li>Target fish stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Fish bycatch (commercial species and others) </li></ul><ul><li>Protected species bycatch </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom impacts </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trawled area Source: MfE 2008 trawl footprint
  9. 9. Stock status for assessed fish stocks, 2006–2008 Source: MfE 2009 fish stocks
  10. 10. FAO Code of Conduct <ul><li>WWF and UBC assessed compliance to Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent assessment protocol applied to 53 countries or 95% of world’s wild fisheries catch </li></ul>
  11. 11. Assessment criteria <ul><li>Clear management reference points </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of irresponsible fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of protected areas </li></ul><ul><li>Control excess fishing capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Control illegal fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem-based fishery management </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous peoples. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Overall
  13. 13. Management reference points <ul><li>Quota management system </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonably good information </li></ul><ul><li>No ref. points for smaller stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Some stocks can drop below B MSY </li></ul>
  14. 14. Irresponsible fishing <ul><li>Bottom trawling </li></ul><ul><li>Bycatch of protected species </li></ul><ul><li>Bycatch of non-target fish </li></ul>
  15. 15. Protected areas <ul><li>Pioneer in marine reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Seamount closures </li></ul><ul><li>Less progress recently </li></ul><ul><li>None in EEZ </li></ul>
  16. 16. Indigenous peoples <ul><li>Fisheries settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Te Ohu Kai Moana </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reducing over-capacity <ul><li>Individually transferable quotas </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest impact on small boats </li></ul>
  18. 18. Illegal fishing <ul><li>Patrol vessels, aircraft, satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Some foresign offshore vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Some misreporting of catch </li></ul><ul><li>Poaching e.g. paua </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ecosystem-based management <ul><li>Fisheries Act refers to associated species, biodiversity, avoid adverse effects </li></ul><ul><li>Limited application to TACC </li></ul>
  20. 20. What can I do? <ul><li>When you buy seafood, ask what species it is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid the red species listed on Forest & Bird’s Best Fish Guide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid those on Greenpeace’s Red Fish List </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Write to Minister of Conservation Kate Wilkinson and Minister of Fisheries, Phil Heatley urging them to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve seafood labelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set cautious catch limits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce bycatch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More marine reserves </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Can I really make a difference at the supermarket? <ul><li>Yes! </li></ul><ul><li>Some supermarkets in Europe and North America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped stocking unsustainably caught species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only stock sustainably caught skipjack tuna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Our Minister of Trade, Tim Groser, recently said: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The consumer is the new regulator” </li></ul></ul>

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