People are sorted into ‘classes’ by their relationship with these factors of production.
Put crudely, the aristocracy own land, the bourgeosie own capital (are capitalists), and the proletariat sell their labour.
Wealth is unevenly shared Proletariat Bourgeoisie Aristocracy
Class Struggle 1 Phase 1 Bourgeois ‘capitalists’ challenge aristocracy as industry is revolutionised
Class Struggle 2
Proletariat develop ‘political consciousness’
and overthrow the bourgeoisie and share abundance .
The Problem… There wasn’t Marxist revolution in those countries which had developed a large, more educated, working class*. The ‘revolution’ (it was in fact more a coup d’etat) occurred in backward Russia. The Bolshevik Party could either wait for the anticipated World Revolution or… * Lenin reasoned that the acquisition of empires had forestalled this.