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Take Better Pictures
 

Take Better Pictures

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Take Better Pictures Presentation for ARPA. ...

Take Better Pictures Presentation for ARPA.

This presentation covers:
- the basics of photographic composition
- using available light
- the most important digital camera menus
- exposure compensation

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    Take Better Pictures Take Better Pictures Presentation Transcript

    • Take Better Pictures
    • MarleneHielema
    • Marlene Hielema• Commercial photography!• Photography Instructor @ SAIT, ACAD• Online photo courses• Corporate training in photography• Individual training in photography
    • www.imagemaven.com
    • Facebook - ImageMavenPhotography
    • YouTube - MarleneHielema
    • Made just for youimagemaven.com/arpa
    • What you’re going to learn• Composition in photography• The basics of light• How to set up your digital camera to take better pictures
    • Composition
    • “Good compositionis the strongest wayof seeing.” Edward Weston
    • Rule of ThirdsComes from painting and graphic arts. Used as aguide for positioning key elements in a frame.
    • Rule of ThirdsPlace important elements at the intersection points,
    • Rule of Thirdsor along the sides, top and bottom of the grid.
    • Rule of ThirdsAvoid placing your subject or horizon in the middle. X
    • Rule of Thirds
    • Rule of Thirds
    • Rule of Thirds
    • Rule of Thirds
    • Rule of Thirds
    • Rule of thirds also works for verticals
    • Fill the Frame
    • Fill the Frame
    • Fill the Frame
    • Simplicity
    • Simplicity
    • Simplicity
    • FRAMING Framing
    • Framing
    • Framing
    • Framing
    • S-Curve
    • S-Curve
    • Leading Lines
    • Leading Lines
    • LeadingLines
    • Leading Lines
    • Leading Lines
    • Leading Lines
    • Leading Lines
    • Angles
    • Angles
    • Angles
    • Point of View
    • Point of View
    • Point of View
    • Point of View
    • Point of View
    • Point of View
    • Summary Composition‣ Rule of Thirds‣ Fill the Frame‣ Simplicity‣ Framing
    • Summary Composition‣ S Curve‣ Leading Lines‣ Angles‣ Point of View
    • Improving yourcomposition is theeasiest and leasttechnical way toimprove your photos
    • A well-composed photohas more impact thana perfectly technicalone that is poorlycomposed
    • ???
    • Basic Lighting
    • Mainsource
    • Light✴ Quality✴ Quantity✴ Direction✴ Colour
    • QualityOvercast Sunny
    • Compare
    • Sunny
    • Sunny
    • Overcast days work great tooWhen you haveovercast days you canshoot in any directionbecause you don’t haveshadows to deal with.
    • Overcast
    • Overcast
    • Overcast
    • Overcast
    • OvercastGreat forportraits
    • QuantityOutdoor Light - Overcast Day
    • QuantityWindow Light - Overcast Day
    • Which do you prefer?Notice quality and quantity differences?
    • Quality and QuantityOn-camera flash indoors is the harshest light Flash on / Flash off
    • Outdoors using Flash Flash on / Flash off
    • Light Direction
    • Light Direction
    • Light Direction
    • Light Direction
    • Light Direction
    • Light Direction
    • Work with shadows
    • Light ColourSunrise & Sunset The most beautiful light
    • Summary Light ✴ Quality ✴ Quantity ✴ Direction ✴ Colour
    • When you payattention to the lightin and around yoursubject, you canimprove your photos
    • ???
    • Camera Handling
    • Camera Handling
    • Camera Handling• Use the strap• Hold camera with right hand grip• Support camera underneath with left hand• Use left hand to zoom and focus lens• Elbows in to keep it steady
    • Camera Handling • Small cameras are much harder to hold still and level• With electronic viewfinders you need to hold them farther away• Harder to see what you’re shooting• Watch for shaking, moving• Make sure you don’t cover your flash with your fingers
    • NEXT:Digital Camera Set-up
    • We’ll cover themost importantcamera menus
    • Learn how to set up your cameraREAD your manual**on an as needed basis
    • Auto or Program? Automatic Mode The camera makes most of the decisions for you. • ISO • White balance • Flash
    • Auto or Program? Programmed Auto (Flexible) The camera automatically selects aperture and shutter speed - you do the rest.
    • Shutter Priority You select the Shutter Speed and the camera determines the correct Aperture.
    • Aperture Priority You select the Aperture (f-stop, lens opening) and the camera determines the correct shutter speed.
    • SizeQualityWhiteBalanceISO
    • Size Matters 5 MP 7 MP 12 MP18 MP (million pixels)
    • Pixel Dimensionsaka File Size, or Resolution Width x Height Eg. 4000 x 3000 pixels = 12 Mega Pixels
    • Pixel DimensionsExample: Image sizes of a Nikon D40x Small ! 1936 x 1296 = 2.5 MP Medium 2896 x 1944 = 5.6 MP Large 3872 x 2592 = 10 MP
    • Pixel DimensionsBy comparison a file going into ascreen presentation only needs to be:900 x 600 pixels = 0.54 MP
    • Compression• JPGS are small because they are compressed• Lossy compression• Throw out file information• A little or a lot
    • CompressionNormal - Fine - Super FineBasic - Normal - FineGood - Better - Best
    • Compression Always use the best possiblecompression quality
    • ISOMeasure of theSensitivity of thecamera sensor to light
    • ISO Bright Sun100 or 200 ISO
    • ISOOvercast or late day 400 ISO
    • ISONight or Indoor800 ISO or higher
    • ISO As ISOincreases, so does NOISE
    • Starting point• Set ISO according to shooting situation• ISO 400 is a good starting point• May need ISO 800 or 1600 indoors
    • ISO 80 ISO 1600
    • ISO 80 ISO 1600
    • White Balance The colourtemperature of light
    • White Balance Type of Light Colour Temp. deg. K Candle Flame 1,500Tungsten, Incandescent 3,000 Sunrise, Sunset 3,500 Midday Sun, Flash 5,500Bright Sun, Clear sky 6,000 Cloudy Sky, Shade 7,000 Blue Sky 9,000
    • White Balance Cameras measure the colour of light reflected from the sceneThe camera has NO idea, what the actual colour temperature is.
    • White Balance A large brightly coloured area caneffect your Auto WB readings.
    • In some cases youmay have to use a pre-set to get better results.
    • Photo Colour WheelWarm colours R Y M G B C Cool colours The goal of Auto WB is to neutralize the colour
    • WB Pre-sets
    • WB Pre-sets
    • WB Pre-sets
    • WB Pre-sets
    • WB Pre-sets
    • Examples
    • Examples
    • Examples
    • Examples
    • Examples
    • Examples
    • 3350 K 6500 K
    • Tip: Sunrise & Sunset Try using Daylight White Balance to get warmer colours
    • Histogram
    • HistogramBack of the camera showing Histogram preview
    • Histogram
    • Histogram
    • Histogram
    • So, what do you dowhen yourhistogramis not the way itshould be??
    • ExposureCompensation+/-
    • Exposure Compensation- 2..1..0..1..2+
    • Exposure Compensation
    • ???
    • What youlearned today
    • Composition‣ Rule of thirds‣ Fill the frame‣ Simplicity‣ Framing‣ S-Curve‣ Leading lines‣ Angles‣ Point of view
    • Light✴Quantity✴Quality✴Direction✴Colour
    • Camera set upMost important menus• File size• File quality• ISO• WB• Histogram
    • Take Better Pictures Workflow• Set up camera• Consider the light• Compose photo• Click the shutter• Check histogram• Repeat
    • The best way to learn photography is by taking pictures . . .
    • Free e-courseLook for the cows
    • Other Online Courses imagemaven.com/learn
    • Thank You!