Take Better   Pictures
MarleneHielema
Marlene Hielema• Commercial photography!• Photography Instructor @ SAIT, ACAD• Online photo courses• Corporate training in...
www.imagemaven.com
Facebook - ImageMavenPhotography
YouTube - MarleneHielema
Made just for youimagemaven.com/arpa
What you’re going to learn• Composition in photography• The basics of light• How to set up your digital camera to  take be...
Composition
“Good compositionis the strongest wayof seeing.”              Edward Weston
Rule of ThirdsComes from painting and graphic arts. Used as aguide for positioning key elements in a frame.
Rule of ThirdsPlace important elements at the       intersection points,
Rule of Thirdsor along the sides, top and bottom of the grid.
Rule of ThirdsAvoid placing your subject or horizon in the middle.                       X
Rule of Thirds
Rule of Thirds
Rule of Thirds
Rule of Thirds
Rule of Thirds
Rule of thirds  also works for verticals
Fill the Frame
Fill the Frame
Fill the Frame
Simplicity
Simplicity
Simplicity
FRAMING   Framing
Framing
Framing
Framing
S-Curve
S-Curve
Leading  Lines
Leading  Lines
LeadingLines
Leading  Lines
Leading  Lines
Leading Lines
Leading Lines
Angles
Angles
Angles
Point of View
Point of View
Point of View
Point of   View
Point of   View
Point of   View
Summary Composition‣ Rule of Thirds‣ Fill the Frame‣ Simplicity‣ Framing
Summary Composition‣ S Curve‣ Leading Lines‣ Angles‣ Point of View
Improving yourcomposition is theeasiest and leasttechnical way toimprove your photos
A well-composed photohas more impact thana perfectly technicalone that is poorlycomposed
???
Basic Lighting
Mainsource
Light✴ Quality✴ Quantity✴ Direction✴ Colour
QualityOvercast       Sunny
Compare
Sunny
Sunny
Overcast days work great tooWhen you haveovercast days you canshoot in any directionbecause you don’t haveshadows to deal ...
Overcast
Overcast
Overcast
Overcast
OvercastGreat forportraits
QuantityOutdoor Light - Overcast Day
QuantityWindow Light - Overcast Day
Which do you prefer?Notice quality and quantity differences?
Quality and QuantityOn-camera flash indoors is the harshest light       Flash on      /   Flash off
Outdoors using Flash  Flash on   /   Flash off
Light Direction
Light Direction
Light Direction
Light Direction
Light Direction
Light Direction
Work with shadows
Light ColourSunrise & Sunset The most beautiful light
Summary Light  ✴ Quality  ✴ Quantity  ✴ Direction  ✴ Colour
When you payattention to the lightin and around yoursubject, you canimprove your photos
???
Camera Handling
Camera Handling
Camera Handling• Use the strap• Hold camera with  right hand grip• Support camera  underneath with  left hand• Use left ha...
Camera Handling      • Small cameras are much        harder to hold still and level• With electronic viewfinders you need  ...
NEXT:Digital Camera    Set-up
We’ll cover themost importantcamera menus
Learn how to set up   your cameraREAD your manual**on an as needed basis
Auto or Program?     Automatic Mode     The camera makes     most of the decisions     for you.     • ISO     • White bala...
Auto or Program?      Programmed      Auto (Flexible)      The camera      automatically selects      aperture and shutter...
Shutter Priority     You select the     Shutter Speed     and the camera     determines the     correct Aperture.
Aperture Priority     You select the     Aperture (f-stop,     lens opening)     and the camera     determines the     cor...
SizeQualityWhiteBalanceISO
Size Matters        5 MP 7 MP            12 MP18      MP (million pixels)
Pixel Dimensionsaka File Size, or Resolution    Width x Height Eg. 4000 x 3000 pixels   = 12 Mega Pixels
Pixel DimensionsExample: Image sizes of a Nikon D40x  Small ! 1936 x 1296 = 2.5 MP  Medium 2896 x 1944 = 5.6 MP  Large   3...
Pixel DimensionsBy comparison a file going into ascreen presentation only needs to be:900 x 600 pixels = 0.54 MP
Compression• JPGS are small because they are  compressed• Lossy compression• Throw out file information• A little or a lot
CompressionNormal - Fine - Super FineBasic - Normal - FineGood - Better - Best
Compression  Always use the   best possiblecompression quality
ISOMeasure of theSensitivity of thecamera sensor to light
ISO  Bright Sun100 or 200 ISO
ISOOvercast or late day 400 ISO
ISONight or Indoor800 ISO or higher
ISO   As ISOincreases, so does NOISE
Starting point• Set ISO according to shooting situation• ISO 400 is a good starting point• May need ISO 800 or 1600 indoors
ISO 80   ISO 1600
ISO 80   ISO 1600
White Balance The colourtemperature  of light
White Balance   Type of Light         Colour Temp. deg. K    Candle Flame               1,500Tungsten, Incandescent       ...
White Balance     Cameras measure     the colour of light       reflected from         the sceneThe camera has NO idea, wha...
White Balance  A large brightly coloured area caneffect your Auto WB     readings.
In some cases youmay have to use a  pre-set to get better results.
Photo Colour WheelWarm colours                     R         Y              M                     G                     B ...
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
WB Pre-sets
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
3350 K   6500 K
Tip: Sunrise & Sunset  Try using Daylight  White Balance to get  warmer colours
Histogram
HistogramBack of the camera showing Histogram preview
Histogram
Histogram
Histogram
So, what do you dowhen yourhistogramis not the way itshould be??
ExposureCompensation+/-
Exposure  Compensation- 2..1..0..1..2+
Exposure Compensation
???
What youlearned today
Composition‣   Rule of thirds‣   Fill the frame‣   Simplicity‣   Framing‣   S-Curve‣   Leading lines‣   Angles‣   Point of...
Light✴Quantity✴Quality✴Direction✴Colour
Camera set upMost important menus• File size• File quality• ISO• WB• Histogram
Take Better Pictures      Workflow• Set up camera• Consider the light• Compose photo• Click the shutter• Check histogram• R...
The best way to learn photography is by taking pictures . . .
Free e-courseLook for the cows
Other Online Courses imagemaven.com/learn
Thank You!
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
Take Better Pictures
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Take Better Pictures

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Take Better Pictures Presentation for ARPA.

This presentation covers:
- the basics of photographic composition
- using available light
- the most important digital camera menus
- exposure compensation

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Take Better Pictures

  1. 1. Take Better Pictures
  2. 2. MarleneHielema
  3. 3. Marlene Hielema• Commercial photography!• Photography Instructor @ SAIT, ACAD• Online photo courses• Corporate training in photography• Individual training in photography
  4. 4. www.imagemaven.com
  5. 5. Facebook - ImageMavenPhotography
  6. 6. YouTube - MarleneHielema
  7. 7. Made just for youimagemaven.com/arpa
  8. 8. What you’re going to learn• Composition in photography• The basics of light• How to set up your digital camera to take better pictures
  9. 9. Composition
  10. 10. “Good compositionis the strongest wayof seeing.” Edward Weston
  11. 11. Rule of ThirdsComes from painting and graphic arts. Used as aguide for positioning key elements in a frame.
  12. 12. Rule of ThirdsPlace important elements at the intersection points,
  13. 13. Rule of Thirdsor along the sides, top and bottom of the grid.
  14. 14. Rule of ThirdsAvoid placing your subject or horizon in the middle. X
  15. 15. Rule of Thirds
  16. 16. Rule of Thirds
  17. 17. Rule of Thirds
  18. 18. Rule of Thirds
  19. 19. Rule of Thirds
  20. 20. Rule of thirds also works for verticals
  21. 21. Fill the Frame
  22. 22. Fill the Frame
  23. 23. Fill the Frame
  24. 24. Simplicity
  25. 25. Simplicity
  26. 26. Simplicity
  27. 27. FRAMING Framing
  28. 28. Framing
  29. 29. Framing
  30. 30. Framing
  31. 31. S-Curve
  32. 32. S-Curve
  33. 33. Leading Lines
  34. 34. Leading Lines
  35. 35. LeadingLines
  36. 36. Leading Lines
  37. 37. Leading Lines
  38. 38. Leading Lines
  39. 39. Leading Lines
  40. 40. Angles
  41. 41. Angles
  42. 42. Angles
  43. 43. Point of View
  44. 44. Point of View
  45. 45. Point of View
  46. 46. Point of View
  47. 47. Point of View
  48. 48. Point of View
  49. 49. Summary Composition‣ Rule of Thirds‣ Fill the Frame‣ Simplicity‣ Framing
  50. 50. Summary Composition‣ S Curve‣ Leading Lines‣ Angles‣ Point of View
  51. 51. Improving yourcomposition is theeasiest and leasttechnical way toimprove your photos
  52. 52. A well-composed photohas more impact thana perfectly technicalone that is poorlycomposed
  53. 53. ???
  54. 54. Basic Lighting
  55. 55. Mainsource
  56. 56. Light✴ Quality✴ Quantity✴ Direction✴ Colour
  57. 57. QualityOvercast Sunny
  58. 58. Compare
  59. 59. Sunny
  60. 60. Sunny
  61. 61. Overcast days work great tooWhen you haveovercast days you canshoot in any directionbecause you don’t haveshadows to deal with.
  62. 62. Overcast
  63. 63. Overcast
  64. 64. Overcast
  65. 65. Overcast
  66. 66. OvercastGreat forportraits
  67. 67. QuantityOutdoor Light - Overcast Day
  68. 68. QuantityWindow Light - Overcast Day
  69. 69. Which do you prefer?Notice quality and quantity differences?
  70. 70. Quality and QuantityOn-camera flash indoors is the harshest light Flash on / Flash off
  71. 71. Outdoors using Flash Flash on / Flash off
  72. 72. Light Direction
  73. 73. Light Direction
  74. 74. Light Direction
  75. 75. Light Direction
  76. 76. Light Direction
  77. 77. Light Direction
  78. 78. Work with shadows
  79. 79. Light ColourSunrise & Sunset The most beautiful light
  80. 80. Summary Light ✴ Quality ✴ Quantity ✴ Direction ✴ Colour
  81. 81. When you payattention to the lightin and around yoursubject, you canimprove your photos
  82. 82. ???
  83. 83. Camera Handling
  84. 84. Camera Handling
  85. 85. Camera Handling• Use the strap• Hold camera with right hand grip• Support camera underneath with left hand• Use left hand to zoom and focus lens• Elbows in to keep it steady
  86. 86. Camera Handling • Small cameras are much harder to hold still and level• With electronic viewfinders you need to hold them farther away• Harder to see what you’re shooting• Watch for shaking, moving• Make sure you don’t cover your flash with your fingers
  87. 87. NEXT:Digital Camera Set-up
  88. 88. We’ll cover themost importantcamera menus
  89. 89. Learn how to set up your cameraREAD your manual**on an as needed basis
  90. 90. Auto or Program? Automatic Mode The camera makes most of the decisions for you. • ISO • White balance • Flash
  91. 91. Auto or Program? Programmed Auto (Flexible) The camera automatically selects aperture and shutter speed - you do the rest.
  92. 92. Shutter Priority You select the Shutter Speed and the camera determines the correct Aperture.
  93. 93. Aperture Priority You select the Aperture (f-stop, lens opening) and the camera determines the correct shutter speed.
  94. 94. SizeQualityWhiteBalanceISO
  95. 95. Size Matters 5 MP 7 MP 12 MP18 MP (million pixels)
  96. 96. Pixel Dimensionsaka File Size, or Resolution Width x Height Eg. 4000 x 3000 pixels = 12 Mega Pixels
  97. 97. Pixel DimensionsExample: Image sizes of a Nikon D40x Small ! 1936 x 1296 = 2.5 MP Medium 2896 x 1944 = 5.6 MP Large 3872 x 2592 = 10 MP
  98. 98. Pixel DimensionsBy comparison a file going into ascreen presentation only needs to be:900 x 600 pixels = 0.54 MP
  99. 99. Compression• JPGS are small because they are compressed• Lossy compression• Throw out file information• A little or a lot
  100. 100. CompressionNormal - Fine - Super FineBasic - Normal - FineGood - Better - Best
  101. 101. Compression Always use the best possiblecompression quality
  102. 102. ISOMeasure of theSensitivity of thecamera sensor to light
  103. 103. ISO Bright Sun100 or 200 ISO
  104. 104. ISOOvercast or late day 400 ISO
  105. 105. ISONight or Indoor800 ISO or higher
  106. 106. ISO As ISOincreases, so does NOISE
  107. 107. Starting point• Set ISO according to shooting situation• ISO 400 is a good starting point• May need ISO 800 or 1600 indoors
  108. 108. ISO 80 ISO 1600
  109. 109. ISO 80 ISO 1600
  110. 110. White Balance The colourtemperature of light
  111. 111. White Balance Type of Light Colour Temp. deg. K Candle Flame 1,500Tungsten, Incandescent 3,000 Sunrise, Sunset 3,500 Midday Sun, Flash 5,500Bright Sun, Clear sky 6,000 Cloudy Sky, Shade 7,000 Blue Sky 9,000
  112. 112. White Balance Cameras measure the colour of light reflected from the sceneThe camera has NO idea, what the actual colour temperature is.
  113. 113. White Balance A large brightly coloured area caneffect your Auto WB readings.
  114. 114. In some cases youmay have to use a pre-set to get better results.
  115. 115. Photo Colour WheelWarm colours R Y M G B C Cool colours The goal of Auto WB is to neutralize the colour
  116. 116. WB Pre-sets
  117. 117. WB Pre-sets
  118. 118. WB Pre-sets
  119. 119. WB Pre-sets
  120. 120. WB Pre-sets
  121. 121. Examples
  122. 122. Examples
  123. 123. Examples
  124. 124. Examples
  125. 125. Examples
  126. 126. Examples
  127. 127. 3350 K 6500 K
  128. 128. Tip: Sunrise & Sunset Try using Daylight White Balance to get warmer colours
  129. 129. Histogram
  130. 130. HistogramBack of the camera showing Histogram preview
  131. 131. Histogram
  132. 132. Histogram
  133. 133. Histogram
  134. 134. So, what do you dowhen yourhistogramis not the way itshould be??
  135. 135. ExposureCompensation+/-
  136. 136. Exposure Compensation- 2..1..0..1..2+
  137. 137. Exposure Compensation
  138. 138. ???
  139. 139. What youlearned today
  140. 140. Composition‣ Rule of thirds‣ Fill the frame‣ Simplicity‣ Framing‣ S-Curve‣ Leading lines‣ Angles‣ Point of view
  141. 141. Light✴Quantity✴Quality✴Direction✴Colour
  142. 142. Camera set upMost important menus• File size• File quality• ISO• WB• Histogram
  143. 143. Take Better Pictures Workflow• Set up camera• Consider the light• Compose photo• Click the shutter• Check histogram• Repeat
  144. 144. The best way to learn photography is by taking pictures . . .
  145. 145. Free e-courseLook for the cows
  146. 146. Other Online Courses imagemaven.com/learn
  147. 147. Thank You!

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