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The 2006 edition of NFPA's Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, contains a new chapter on buildling rehabilitation for existing buildings.

The 2006 edition of NFPA's Life Safety Code, NFPA 101, contains a new chapter on buildling rehabilitation for existing buildings.

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  • Chapters 43 (101-294) Instructor’s Note: NEW Chapter. REVIEW VERY CAREFULLY. Replaces former material in Chapter 4 on alterations, modernizations and renovations. This will be a totally new concept to most people.
  • 43.1.2.1 (101-295) Instructor’s Note: 4.6.7.3, (101-36)
  • 43.1.4 (101-295) Instructor’s Note: Example: Noncompliant handrail can be replaced with compliant handrail without applying Chapter 43 .
  • 43.1.1 (101-294) Instructor’s Note: Use the next slide for definitions. Historic is included since there is a section on building rehabilitation for historic buildings, but it is NOT a category of work!
  • 43.2.2.1.1 (101-295) Instructor’s Notes: Examples: Patching gypsum board wall Painting walls or ceilings Patching wallpaper
  • 43.2.2.1.2 (101-295) Instructor’s Notes: Examples: Door replacement Ceiling replacement Replacement fire alarm system
  • 43.2.2.1.3 (101-295) Instructor’s Notes: Examples Alteration within a tenant space Installation of new fire alarm system Extension of existing fire alarm system
  • http://www.iron.org/edc/images/global/ironriver%20007.jpg
  • 43.2.2.1.4 (101-295) It is not the intent that a corridor, aisle, or circulation space within a suite be considered as a corridor that is shared by more than one occupant space. The suite should be considered as only one occupant space. The following situations should be considered to involve more than one occupant space: (1) Work affecting a corridor that is common to multiple guest rooms on a floor of a hotel occupancy (2) Work affecting a corridor that is common to multiple living units on a floor of an apartment building occupancy (3) Work affecting a corridor that is common to multiple tenants on a floor of a business occupancy
  • 43.2.2.1.5 (101-295) Instructor’s Notes: Examples Increase in occupant load of assembly occupancy Changing hospital to nursing home Changing a patient room to a storage room Changing use condition in a detention and correctional occupancy
  • http://tedullrich.com/projects/project_25/ted_ullrich_design_03.jpg 43.2.2.1.6 (101-295) Instructor’s Notes: Examples: Converting a school to an office building Converting a store to a restaurant
  • 43.2.2 http://www.paulding.k12.ga.us/districtops/construction/splost/hjms/Herschel-Jones-Middle-School-Addition.jpg.1.7 (101-295)
  • 43.2.2.4 (101-295)
  • 43.1.3 (101-295)
  • Reconstruction >10% of work area so reconstruction requirements apply.
  • 43.10 (101-299)
  • NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection in Historic Structures , 2001 Edition
  • 43.10.2 (101-299)
  • 43.1.2 (101-295) Instructor’s Note: The minimum requirements for existing always are a base requirement.
  • 43.3 (101-296) Instructor’s Note: Repair was never really addressed in Code before. This requires that the repair at least meet existing, but not less that what was there before. Also see 43.1.4.4, (101-295). Example of like material: Previously approved Class A textile wall covering
  • 43.4 (101-296)
  • 43.5 (101-296)
  • 43.6.2.2 (101-311/312) Instructor’s Note: There have been several changes in this area. The material on emergency lighting is new and the material on handrails, guards and exit signage has been deleted.
  • 43.6.4 (101-312)
  • 43.7.1 (101-298) Instructor’s Notes: 4.6.7.3, (101-36).
  • Table 43.7.3 (101-299)
  • 43.7.2 (101-298)
  • 43.8 (101-298)

Transcript

  • 1. Applying NFPA 101 ® Life Safety Code ® to Building Rehabilitation Kristin Collette Fire Protection Engineer NFPA A.
  • 2. Reference
    • NFPA 101 ® Life Safety Code ®
    • 2009 Edition
    A.
  • 3. Definitions and Scope of Chapter 43 A.
  • 4. Minimum Requirements
    • Compliance with provisions for existing
    A.
  • 5. Compliance
    • Work mandated for compliance with LSC for existing buildings (or an accessibility, property, housing or fire code) exempt from Chapter 43.
    A.
  • 6. Categories of Work
    • Repair
    • Renovation
    • Modification
    • Reconstruction
    • Change of Use
    • Change of Occupancy
    • Addition
    • (Historic Buildings)
    A.
  • 7. Definition – Repair
    • Patching
    • Painting
    • Restoration
    A.
  • 8. Definition - Renovation
    • Replacement in kind
    • Refinishing, replacement or upgrading of existing materials, equipment or fixtures
    • NO reconfiguration of space
    A.
  • 9. Definition - Modification
    • Reconfiguration of a space
    • Addition, relocation or elimination of a door or window
    • Addition or elimination of load-bearing elements
    • Reconfiguration or extension of any system
    • Installation of additional equipment
    A.
  • 10. Definition - Modification A.
  • 11. Definition - Reconstruction
    • Reconfiguration of space
      • Affects exit or corridor used by more than one occupant space
      • Work area not permitted to be occupied because means of egress / fire protection features are impaired.
    A.
  • 12. Reconstruction A.
  • 13. Definition – Change of Use
    • Change in purpose or level of activity, without a change of occupancy, that involves a change in application of the Code
    • Applies even if no physical change (4.6.12)
    A.
  • 14. Definition – Change of Use A.
  • 15. Definition – Change of Occupancy
    • The change of occupancy classification of a structure or portion thereof.
    • Example:
      • Elementary School to Office Building
      • Restaurant <50 to restaurant >50
      • Lodging and Rooming House increases sleeping arrangements from 12 to 20
    A.
  • 16. Definition - Addition
    • An increase in aggregate building area, floor area, height or number of stories of a structure
    A.
  • 17. Definition – Rehabilitation Work Area
    • The area affected by the renovation, modification or reconstruction
    • Excludes other portions where incidental work must be performed
    A.
  • 18. Multiple Work Categories
    • More than one work category is permitted
    • Where areas are separate, each category is applied independently
    • Modification and Reconstruction in same area, Reconstruction rules apply unless
      • Reconstruction is < 10% of modification area
    A.
  • 19. Multiple Work Categories A.
  • 20. Multiple Work Categories A.
  • 21. Historic Buildings
    • Any rehabilitation:
      • In accordance with 43.10, OR
      • In accordance with respective sections of Chapter 43, OR
      • Comply with NFPA 914, Code for Fire Protection of Historic Structures
    A.
  • 22. A. NFPA 914 Code for Fire Protection in Historic Structures 2007 Edition
  • 23. Historic Buildings
    • Only applies for historic buildings undergoing building rehabilitation – otherwise see Chapter 4
    • Evaluation report
    • Repairs
    • Repairs, Renovations, Modifications, Reconstruction
    • Change of Occupancy
    A.
  • 24. Historic Building Evaluation
    • Criteria for report author
    • Required safety features and their impact on historic elements
    • Non-compliant features and means to provide equivalent life safety
    • Possible review/comments by local preservation official
    • Use or occupancy by public requires H & S report
    A.
  • 25. Application A.
  • 26. Application
    • Repair, renovation, modification or reconstruction must comply with
      • “ Existing” occupancy chapter AND
      • Applicable requirements of Chapter 43
    A.
  • 27. Repairs
    • Use like materials, or materials permitted by Code
    • Shall not make building less conforming than before
      • Can be reduced to “new” (43.1.4.4)
    • Shall not be less than existing (43.1.2.1)
    A.
  • 28. Renovations
    • Comply with existing
    • Shall not make building less conforming than before
      • Minor reductions in door or window clear openings permitted
    • Interior finish = new
    • Reconfiguration or extension of any system or the installation of equipment = Modification
    A.
  • 29. Modifications
    • Must meet Renovations AND
    • Work itself must meet new
    • “ Extensive Modifications” = Reconstruction
      • Modification of entire occupancy or
      • Modification > 50% of building
    • Reconstruction not applicable if work is only electrical, plumbing, mechanical, or fire protection
    A.
  • 30. Reconstruction – Means of Egress Module 7- Illumination Emergency Lighting
  • 31. Reconstruction - Sprinklers Module 7-
  • 32. Reconstruction - Sprinklers Module 7-
  • 33. Reconstruction - Sprinklers Module 7-
  • 34. Change in Use
    • Meet requirements applicable to use created
    • Meet requirements for existing
    • New hazardous areas meet new
    • Meet requirements applicable to work category (if any)
    A.
  • 35. Hazard Categories A. 1 3 2 4
  • 36. Change of Occupancy
    • Within or to lesser hazard category
      • existing
      • sprinklers per new
      • alarms per new
      • hazardous areas per new
    • Change to higher hazard category
      • new
    A.
  • 37. Additions A.
  • 38. In Summary: A. X = Required D = “It depends” IF = new interior finish wp = work performed wp* = wp plus add’l items
  • 39. Thank you! A.