New York State's Cigarette Fire Safety Program

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Paul Martin, Chief of Fire Prevention for the New York Office of Fire Prevention & Control, talks about his state's experience with fire-safe cigarettes. New York State was the first in the nation to pass a law requiring the sale of cigarettes that have a reduced propensity to burn when left unattended.

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  • 11/13/09
  • 11/13/09
  • 11/13/09
  • 11/13/09
  • 11/13/09
  • 11/13/09
  • New York State's Cigarette Fire Safety Program

    1. 1. <ul><li>New York State’s </li></ul><ul><li>Cigarette Fire Safety Program </li></ul>
    2. 2. Chapter 284, Laws of 2000 OFPC to promulgate fire safety standards for cigarettes <ul><ul><li>Will stop burning within a specified time period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O R </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet performance standards to limit risk of igniting upholstered furniture, mattresses or household furnishings </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>General Requirements: </li></ul><ul><li>On and after June 28, 2004 no cigarettes could be sold unless - </li></ul><ul><li>cigarettes have been tested </li></ul><ul><li>cigarettes meet the performance standard </li></ul><ul><li>written certification has been submitted by the manufacturer to OFPC and the Attorney General </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Over 1200 brand styles </li></ul><ul><li>have been certified by </li></ul><ul><li>34 manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>List of all certified cigarettes is posted on the OFPC web site </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Test Method: </li></ul><ul><li>American Society for Testing and Materials Standard E2187-02b – Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes as modified by Appendix A of the rule </li></ul><ul><li>Testing shall be conducted on 10 layers of filter paper </li></ul><ul><li>40 replicate tests shall comprise a test trial </li></ul><ul><li>Performance standard shall only be applied to a complete test trial </li></ul>
    6. 6. Cigarette Test Chambers Full Length Burn Extinguishment
    7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Reporting and investigation of cigarette caused fires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing and certification of cigarettes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniform package marking requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affixing tax stamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded enforcement and penalty provisions </li></ul></ul>Chapter 583, Laws of 2006 Executive Law § 156-c Tax Law § 280-b
    8. 8. <ul><li>Fire Departments & Fire Investigation Units : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must report all suspected cigarette fires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Within 14 days of completing investigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must provide information as to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>brand and style </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>marked as compliant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>location and manner of purchase </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 10. <ul><li>Fire Departments </li></ul><ul><li>Greater participation </li></ul><ul><li>QA/QC </li></ul><ul><li>NFIRS </li></ul><ul><li>Coding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60 Heat from open flame or smoking materials, other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>61 Cigarette. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>63 Heat from undetermined smoking material. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. <ul><li>Office of Fire Prevention & Control: </li></ul><ul><li>authority to investigate fires independent of a request from local jurisdictions </li></ul><ul><li>required to test cigarettes suspected of igniting fires </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Laboratories must be accredited pursuant to ISO Standard 17025 – </li></ul><ul><li>“ General Requirements for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories ” </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>other comparable standard prescribed by </li></ul><ul><li>the Office of Fire Prevention & Control </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>If a manufacturer makes any change to a cigarette that is likely to alter its compliance, the cigarette must be retested </li></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>Certifications submitted by manufacturers must contain: </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of the laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Notarized statement from officer or director of laboratory certifying that cigarettes tested meet the fire safety standard </li></ul>
    14. 15. <ul><li>Require: </li></ul><ul><li>F S C </li></ul><ul><li>at or near the UPC code </li></ul>effective 8/16/2007
    15. 16. <ul><li>Manufacturers’ Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties for false certification increased: </li></ul><ul><li>$75,000 to $250,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Bar from selling cigarettes if not paid within 30 days </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(until paid) </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>Manufacturers’ Test Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to provide within 60 days when requested : </li></ul><ul><li>$10,000 fine per day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(after 60 th day) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bar from selling cigarettes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(until provided) </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. <ul><li>Penalties for Sale </li></ul><ul><li>Revised to $100 per pack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum $100,000 during any 30 day period for wholesale dealers and stamping agents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum $25,000 during any 30 day period for retail dealers </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. <ul><li>Penalties for Sale - Repeat Violators </li></ul><ul><li>3 or more violations within 3 year period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 month suspension of license or registration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wholesale dealers, cigarette stamping agents and retail dealers </li></ul></ul>
    19. 20. <ul><li>Examination of Records </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Fire Prevention & Control authorized to examine books, papers, invoices and other records </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>Assessment of Penalties </li></ul><ul><li>OFPC and T&F authorized to impose civil penalties and suspensions provided for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public health officers also authorized to impose penalties on retail dealers </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. <ul><ul><li>Available for Fire Safety Education and Prevention programs of OFPC </li></ul></ul>Moneys from penalties will be deposited in a special: “ Cigarette Fire Safety Act Fund”
    22. 23. <ul><li>Seizure </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Fire Prevention & Control Peace Officers </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Taxation & Finance Police Officers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due Process - - Administrative Hearings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seized cigarettes to be destroyed </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. <ul><li>Bootleg </li></ul><ul><li>Non-traditional points of sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Residences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Street level sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single smoke </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Counterfeit </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging is virtually unidentifiable </li></ul><ul><li>Lab testing </li></ul><ul><li>Native American sales </li></ul><ul><li>Safety vs. taxation </li></ul>
    24. 25. <ul><li>Random Sampling </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers all certified brand styles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Procurement of samples on open market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Undercover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence quality documentation </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. (8/1/09 ) * * Data still being validated
    26. 27. <ul><li>For more information </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Fire Prevention & Control </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau of Fire Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>518-474-6746 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.dos.state.ny.us/fire/cigarette.htm </li></ul>

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