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Bonsai Basics

Bonsai Basics






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    Bonsai Basics Bonsai Basics Presentation Transcript

    • Bonsai Basics Presented by Matt Harhager from The Bonsai Den
    • What is a Bonsai?
      • Bonsai Video
      • Bonsai
        • Bon – Tree
        • Sai - Pot
    • Topics
      • Styles
      • Types
        • Tropical
        • Evergreen
        • Deciduous
      • Choosing a pot
      • Potting
      • Soil
      • Wiring
      • Watering
      • Fertilizer
    • Bonsai Styles
      • Formal Upright
      • Informal Upright
      • Broom
      • Slanting
      • Semi Cascade
      • Cascade
      • Clump
      • Forest
      • Literati
      • Root over rock
    • Formal Upright
      • The trunk is ramrod straight and evenly tapered.
    • Informal Upright
      • Gently curving trunk.
    • Broom
      • The most tree like style.
      • Branches fanning out from the top of a straight trunk.
    • Slanting
      • The whole trunk leans at a definite angle.
    • Semi Cascade
      • The lowest branch dips below the rim of the pot.
    • Cascade
      • Tree foliage must fall below the base of the pot.
    • Clump
      • All the trunks are connected at the soil level
    • Forest
    • Literati / Bunjin
    • Root over rock
      • A style of river bank or rocky slope origin.
    • Windswept
      • One of the hardest styles to create successfully.
    • Root on rock
      • The rock becomes the pot.
    • Types - Tropical
      • Should be brought indoors when nighttime temperatures fall below 50 degrees F.
      • Place under good lighting.
    • Types – Evergreen, Deciduous
      • Need to be protected in the winter.
      • Keep in a greenhouse or garage.
      • Never bring them indoors for the winter.
    • Soil
      • Should hold water but have good drainage
        • Haydite
        • Silica Sand
        • Charcoal
        • Orchid Bark
      • Never allow the soil to become compacted
    • Preparing the tree
      • Remove the tree from it’s nursery container or other pot
      • Untangle the roots
      • Loosen the roots
      • Remove any long roots
      • The goal is fine feeder roots, these do all the work.
    • Preparing the pot
      • Secure screen over the drainage holes using wire
      • Put wire through the pot, to be used to secure the tree
      • Add soil, making a small mound in the center of the pot
    • Potting the tree
      • Twist the tree and move it around to get all air pockets from under the tree out
      • Wire the tree to the pot
      • Fill up with soil
      • Use chopsticks to seat the soil around the roots
    • Types of Pots
    • Some pot guidelines
      • Slender trunks and group plantings look best in shallow pots. Thick trunks need deeper pots.
      • Graceful trees look best in oval or soft cornered pots
      • Trees with gnarled trunks look best in rectangle pots
      • Wide spreading trees go good with pots that have a lip
      • Tall slender trees, use a simple round pot
      • The pot should be slightly narrower than the tree spread.
      • Trees with delicate foliage look good in pastel glazes.
      • Dark leaved trees can use a darker color pot.
    • Tools and Techniques for styling
      • Wiring
      • Pinching
      • Trimming
      • Bud removal
      • Clip and grow
    • Wiring Techniques
      • Wiring should be applied at a 45 degree angle.
      • Make sure the wire is anchored properly.
      • Use one wire to do two branches.
      • Remove wire before it starts to bite into the bark of the tree.
    • Lighting
      • To much shade and the leaves will grow large and internodes will increase.
      • Too much sun and the leaf tips will turn brown and die off.
      • Every plant has different lighting requirements.
      • See bonsai tree care @ www.thebonsaiden.com for more info.
    • Watering
      • Use a very fine spray, don’t blast the tree with the end of the garden hose.
      • If the soil is damp about an inch down, then it’s time to water.
      • The soil should never be allowed to dry out completely
      • Rainwater is best
    • Fertilizer
      • Fertilizer cakes are the best way to fertilize your bonsai.
      • Use a good balanced fertilizer at half strength every other week.
    • Pest and disease control
      • Use neem oil or sevin at half strength
      • Common pests and diseases
        • Beetles
        • Scale
        • Aphids
    • Contact Info
      • East Canton Ohio
      • Phone: 330 445-9206
      • Internet: http://www.thebonsaiden.com
    • Now we will do some work on a Green Island Ficus Repot Wire Trim Thank You Questions