Digital Literacy and ICT in Education


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Digital Literacy and ICT in Education

  1. 1. Digital Literacy & ICT in Education M.G. SreekumarIndian Institute of Management Kozhikode
  2. 2. Agenda• The Information / Knowledge Paradigm – Some Thoughts• Teachers’ Concerns• Pedagogy Vs. Andragogy• ICT Overview• Changing Information Landscape• WWW• Digital Literacy• E-Learning Overview• Key Enabling Technologies / Tools for Schools• Open Source Software - Overview
  3. 3. “I never teach my pupils;I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn.“ Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)
  4. 4. There are billions of neurons in our brains, but whatare neurons? Just cells. The brain has no knowledgeuntil connections are made between neurons.All that we know, all that we are, comes from the wayour neurons are connected. -- Tim Berners-Lee
  5. 5. Organizational Knowledge Sharing K = (P + I) SPeople Technology Information
  6. 6. Teachers’ Concerns• Students can no longer prepare bark to calculate problems. They depend instead on expensive slates. What will they do when the slate is dropped and breaks? Teacher’s Conference, 1703
  7. 7. Teachers’ Concerns• Students depend on paper too much. They no longer know how to write on a slate without getting dust all over themselves. What will happen when they run out of paper? Principal’s Association Meeting, 1815
  8. 8. Teachers’ Concerns• Students depend too much upon ink. They no longer know how to use a knife to sharpen a pencil. National Association of Teachers, 1907
  9. 9. Teachers’ Concerns• Students depend too much on store bought ink. They don’t know how to make their own. What will happen when they run out? Rural American Teacher, 1928
  10. 10. Teachers’ Concerns• They say now the educational systems have undergone a paradigm shift and it’s no longer teacher-centric or classroom centric - IT’S STUDENT CENTRIC ! - IT’S LEARNER CENTRIC !! • Anonymous
  11. 11. • If Education goes out of Classrooms and the Knowledge gets liberated from Teachers, what would be the role of Educators? • Anonymous
  12. 12. Pedagogy << Teacher• Lectures• Exercises• Project works• Case method• Simulations• Games• Role plays• Live projects• Book reading• …
  13. 13. Andragogy >> Learner• Learner’s self-concept moves from dependency to independency or self-directedness• They accumulate a reservoir of experiences that can be used as a basis on which to build learning• Their readiness to learn becomes increasingly associated with the developmental tasks of social roles• Their time and curricular perspectives change from postponed to immediacy of application and• From subject-centeredness to performance- centeredness
  14. 14. Indicators• Paradigm Shift -• Technology lifestyle• Trends in teaching / learning process• Emergence of a new “Digital World”• Vanishing links in the info. supply chain• Velocity - the order of the day• Business @ speed of thought• Learning / Unlearning / Relearning @ speed of change
  15. 15. ICT in SchoolsActs as a Force Multiplier for the SchoolStudent Centric Learning has added greatvalue for both the learner and the learned
  16. 16. ICT in SchoolsRole of ICT in Knowledge based SocietyThe National curriculum framework 2005 (NCF2005) highlighted the importance of ICT in schooleducationParadigm shift imperative in education: Imparting instructions, Collaborative learning, Multidisciplinary problem-solving and Promoting critical thinking skills
  17. 17. National ICT Agenda PEOPLE - Work Culture - ICT Skills - Knowledge worker - Learning SocietyINFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATION & CONTENT- Communication KNOWLEDGE-BASED KNOWLEDGE- - Smart Schools- Fibre-Optic Cabling ECONOMY - e-govt.- Gigabit ATM - Smartcard- Satellite- Transport/Logistic - Tele-medicine - Others- etc
  18. 18. Books, eBooks, JLS, Books, eBooks, JLS, Books, eBooks Books, eBooks eJournals, Scholarly POD, JLs, eJLs, eJournals, Scholarly POD, JLs, eJLs, Articles, ePrint Archives, Articles, ePrint Archives, Newspapers Newspapers ETDs, eCourses AV media ETDs, eCourses AV media Popular Popular Information Information Scholarly Scholarly Information Information The Information The Information Web Landscape Digitized Digitized Web Landscape Resources Information Information Resources (DL Initiatives) (DL Initiatives)Surface Web, Surface Web, Commercial, Commercial, Deep Web, Deep Web, National, National, Multi-Modal Multi-Modal State & Local Level State & Local LevelSemantic Web Semantic Web NGOs NGOs
  19. 19. The Google GenerationThe Digital Native Generation
  20. 20. Magic of the Web• The universe (which others call the Web) is the place where society keeps the sum total of human knowledge.• Its where we learn and play, shop and do business, keep up with old friends and meet new ones ...• Today we stand at the epicenter of a revolution in how society creates, organizes, locates, presents, and preserves information ...• .... Its all the Web .... Ian Witten et al. in "Web Dragons"
  21. 21. Google Syndrome• Can we assume that a search engine will – intrinsically – teach how to find, manage and interpret information ??
  22. 22. Digital Literacy• Effective use of technology to improve learning, productivity, and collaboration• Ability to find, use, summarize, evaluate, and communicate information is critical to success in the global knowledge economy
  23. 23. Digital Literacy• Skills, knowledge and understanding required to use new technology and media to create and share meaning• Involves the functional skills of reading and writing digital texts: – Being able to read a website by navigating through hyperlinks and – writing and by uploading text as well as digital photos to a social networking site• Knowledge of how particular communication technologies affect the meanings they convey, and the ability to analyse and evaluate the knowledge available on the web
  24. 24. Digital Literacy• Optimal teaching and learning requires a full range of ICT tools, including: – Broadband Internet connectivity; – Appropriate Software Applications; and – Operating environments
  25. 25. Challenges• Digital media literacy - a key skill in every discipline and profession• Appropriate metrics of evaluation lag behind the emergence of new scholarly forms of authoring, publishing, and researching• Economic pressures and new models of education present unprecedented competition to traditional models of the school/ university• Keeping pace with the rapid proliferation of information, software tools, and devices
  26. 26. Key Trends• World of work is increasingly becoming collaborative• Technologies used are increasingly cloud-based, and the notions of IT support are decentralized• People wish to work, learn, and study whenever and wherever they want• Abundance of resources and relationships made easily accessible via the Internet is increasingly challenging the educators’ roles in sense-making, coaching, and credentialing
  27. 27. Technology Adoption to Enhance Teaching and Learning• What are the relationships between the resources available to teachers in support of – technology adoption, – teachers’ attitudes toward technology, – teachers’ professional development, and – teacher use of technology and stage of adoption?• What conditions are more likely to promote technology integration into classroom instruction by teachers?• If change is to occur in the classrooms, it must begin with the teacher, not the technology
  28. 28. Digital Natives• New Gen – Digital Natives• Children are engaging more than ever before with technology and digital media: – video games, – music editing, – animation, – social networking sites, – video sharing, – and other different forms of online communication
  29. 29. Learning 2.0
  30. 30. What is E-learning?The use of Internet technologies to deliver a E-learning isbroad array of solutions that enhance Internet-enabled learningknowledge and performance Rosenberg, 2001
  31. 31. E-Learning• ICT assisted/based systems• CBTs / WBTs• Online Courses / Courseware• E-Resources >> Learning Objects• Digital Libraries• Discussion Forums• Digital Portfolios• Tele / Video Conferencing• Web 2.0 based (collaborative) Learning 2.0
  32. 32. Enterprise IT Environment Integration Shared Data Intranet Firewall InternetPCs Servers
  33. 33. You don’t understand anything until you learn it more than one way Marvin Minsky
  34. 34. E-learning: Blended modeChalk-and-board has long Interactive Digital Content:ruled the classrooms • more emphasis• will not be eliminated • on demand learning• Less emphasis • interactive
  35. 35. Open SourceGeneral Platforms / Applications OSs Net/Web Security MLs Linux, BSD.. 1992+ OAI Web Servers Apache, Java apps.. Img Processing IMageMagick… Server-Side Scripting LAMP, WAMP, MAMPApplications Mobile ComputingEmacs, grep, sendmail, ssh… WML, WAP, WiFi... Prgm Langs Web Services RDBMS Perl, PHP, Tomcat, Cocoon, MySQL, PostgreSQL, mSQL… Python… Ant, SRU/SRW…
  36. 36. A KNOWLEDGE INTERACTION INTERFACE (KII)FOR A KNOWLEDGE WORKER Workgroup Strategic Info. e dg t en Self Study / Discovery le ow em Knowledge Kn ag an Map M Push Digital Technology Library E-Learning Personal Dash Board E-Mail Contact Best Practices groups Repository Group Study / Collaboration
  37. 37. Web Based E-Learning Platform LMS - The Virtual Classroom• Announcements - Front office of the virtual class room• Course - Syllabus, schedule etc.• Staff / Instructor• Course Documents - Upload relevant reading materials, articles etc.• Assignments - Essays, tests, and quizzes taken by the students• Communication - E-Mail, Discussion Groups, Chat, Roster, Group Works etc.• External Links - Links to outside Websites / resources• Tools - Enabling students with various softwares, application templates, digital drop boxes etc.
  38. 38. Learning Management System (LMS)Moodle – Open Source LMSBoom to students who are slow learnersTeachers find it difficult to adjust to the pace of learning ofvarious studentsStudents have certain preference to Channel ofCommunication – Visual, Auditory and KinestheticStudents require a huge amount of information andresources available in the Internet, E-Journals, E-Books etc.The entire lecture and clarifications can be made availablein the LMS
  39. 39. Teachers’ Benefits from LMSTest the learning of Students quickly through Objective typequestions;Student can be in touch with the teacher during any part ofthe dayFacilitates teacher to continuously monitor student’sprogress Time spent in studies Pace of learning Ability to translate the learning into practical applications
  40. 40. Social Media, Software & Networking
  41. 41. Web 2.0Facilitates NetworkingProvides Authentic Learning ExperiencesEncourages Global AwarenessCreativityInnovationCritical ThinkingCollaborationFosters Communication
  42. 42. 10 Internet Technologies Educators Should be Informed AboutInternet technologies that have earned their rightful placeVideo and Podcasting Resources – Lectures, How-to Videos YouTube, TeacherTube, EduTube, SchoolTube …Digital Presentation Tools Support classroom teaching as well as for distance modes Provide engaging ways in creating and delivering assignments/ reports etc.Collaboration and Brainstorming Tools Thought organizing tools – “Mindmap”, … Collaborative Tools – Wikis, Virtual worlds …
  43. 43. 10 Internet Technologies for Educators… Blogs & Blogging Blogosphere Blogger, Wordpress … Social Networking Tools Lecture Capture Student Response Systems & Poll / Survey tools Educational Gaming – Gamification of education Open Educational Resources (OER) Educational Materials, Content and Tools E-Readers, Tablets … Kindle, Nook, Pi, Wink, iPad, Akash …
  44. 44. Teaching, learning, and researchresources that reside in the publicdomain or have been releasedunder an intellectual propertylicense that permits their free useor re-purposing by othersInclude: Full courses, Course materials, Modules, Textbooks, Streaming Videos, Tests, Software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge
  45. 45. E-Readers and Tablets
  46. 46. E-Readers and Tablets
  47. 47. KloudpaD Tablets – Rs. 9999/-
  48. 48. Akash Tablets – Rs. 2999/- or 98/Month
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
  51. 51.
  52. 52. Digital Presentation Tools / Sites
  53. 53. Bill Gates on EducationPredicts the (end?) of universities with eLearning on therise“Five years from now on the web for free you’ll be able tofind the best lectures in the world”“It will be better than any single university”“Educational institutions are still vital for children, K-12”“It’s just too expensive and too hard to get these upper-level educations”“And soon place-based college educations will be five timesless important than they are today”College needs to be less “place-based”
  54. 54. Technologies to Watch• Six key technologies to watch and maps them along three adoption horizons, indicating the likely time frame for uptake in the mainstream use for teaching and learning• e-Books continue to generate strong interest in the consumer sector and are increasingly available on campuses as well• Mobiles enable ubiquitous access to information, social networks, tools for learning and productivity and much more. Mobiles are capable computing devices in their own right — and they are increasingly a user’s first choice for internet access
  55. 55. Technologies to Watch…• Augmented Reality brings a significant potential to supplement information delivered via computers, mobile devices, video, and even the printed book• Game-based Learning has grown in recent years as research continues to demonstrate its effectiveness for learning for students of all ages• Gesture-based computing moves the control of computers from a mouse and keyboard to the motions of the body via new input devices• Learning analytics loosely joins a variety of data- gathering tools and analytic techniques to study student engagement, performance, and progress in practice, with the goal of using what is learned to revise curricula, teaching, and assessment in real time
  56. 56. I read, I forgetI discuss, I rememberI do, I inculcate
  57. 57. “We are guilty of many errors and many faults, butour worst crime is abandoning the children,neglecting the foundation of lifeMany of the things we need, can waitThe children cannotRight now is the time his bones are being formed, hisblood is being made and his senses are beingdeveloped to him we cannot answer “Tomorrow”His name is “Today” Gabriela Mistral, 1948
  58. 58. ConclusionDigital literacy enables educators to contribute toenhancing learners potential for participation indigital mediaEnhances young peoples ability to use digital mediain ways that strengthen their skills, knowledge andunderstanding as learnersHeighten their capacities for social, cultural, civic andeconomic participation in everyday life
  59. 59. It is not the strongest of the species that survives,nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable one to change - Charles Darwin
  60. 60. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn - Alvin Toffler, in Rethinking the Future