Saarinen Tulip Chair - Sustainability
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Saarinen Tulip Chair - Sustainability

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A presentation on the Saarinen Tulip Chair: History and Sustainability Analysis including Improvements.

A presentation on the Saarinen Tulip Chair: History and Sustainability Analysis including Improvements.

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Saarinen Tulip Chair - Sustainability Saarinen Tulip Chair - Sustainability Presentation Transcript

  • Ecology & The Saarinen Tulip Chair Production Martin Konrad Gloeckle Fall 2007 • v nonummo lessim el eu faccum atum • Ut nonummo lessim el eu faccum atum • Modolesto doloreetum zzrit accum verit vel ut in • Modolesto doloreetum zzrit accum verit vel ut in et adigna facipit et adigna facipit
  • Saarinen Tulip Chair Saarinen Tulip Chair X Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts Improvements Sources • Designer: Eero Saarinen, 1956 • Price: $1000+ • Manufacturer: Knoll Inc., since 1957 Knock-offs available for $150+ Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Knoll, Inc. Saarinen Tulip Chair Product X Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts Improvements Sources • American furniture company, founded 1938 • American plants ISO 14001 certified • Office furniture + KnollStudio residential line • Products Greenguard certified or in process Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • My Chairs Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer X Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts Improvements Sources Todo : to ha Find a ve en bi ough gger apa spac r e for tment it • Table + four chairs, original pieces from 1960’s • Chance to own an original design classic • Bought September 2007 from friend • Very good price Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Components Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History X Components Shell Lifecycle Molded Fiberglass with Impacts plastic finish What ki Improvements plas nd o tic? f Sources Cushion Fabric covered Wha t foam of f kind abri c? Base Cast Aluminum with W h Rilsan finish R at is ilsan ? Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Overview Saarinen Tulip Chair Product } Raw Extraction of Manufacturer Material Extraction of Extraction of Shearing of Extraction of Glass Compo- Personal History Bauxite Oil Fleece Cellulose Extraction Most i nents Components X Lifecycle Material nteres Production Refinement of Production of Production of Impacts Oil Wool Yarns Rayon Improvements Sources tin Production of Production of Production of Production of Production of Production of Production of g Aluminum Rilsan Plastic finish Polymers Glass Fibers Foam Fabric Parts Production Production of Production of Production of Chair Base Chair Shell Chair Cushion Assembly Assembly of Chair Use Use of Chair Disposal/ Recycling Disposal of Disposal of Base Disposal of Shell Cushion Disposal of Disposal of Disposal of Disposal of Coat Aluminum Foam Textile Process Transport Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Raw Material Extraction Saarinen Tulip Chair Product • Sand Manufacturer • Bauxite in • Crude Oil in • Soda Ash Material ground ground • Limestone • Sheep • Wood (Pulp) Personal History • Feldspar Components X Lifecycle Impacts • Electricity • Electricity Improvements • Electricity • Electricity Energy • Diesel oil • Diesel oil • Diesel oil • Diesel oil • Electricity Sources Raw Material Extraction of Extraction Extraction of Extraction of Sand, Lime- Shearing of Extraction of Bauxite Crude Oil stone, Soda Ash, Fleece Cellulose Feldspar Wo rig ol is ht ? good • Waste water Waste/ • Bulk waste • Oil containing , • Pesticide • Solid Waste • Chemical By-product Mud Residue Waste • CO2, CO, NOx, • Particulates • Particulates SOx • CO2, CO, NOx, • SOx, NOx, CO2 • CO2, CO, NOx, • SOx, NOx, CO2 Emissions SOx • Particulates, • Suspended SOx • Suspended VOC’s Solids Solids • Oil, Metals • Global warming through methane gas • Extensive resource usage • Water pollution through waste and • Reduced wildlife through predator ‘control’ sheep dipping • Cruel animal treatment practices Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Material Production Saarinen Tulip Chair • Water • Caustic soda • Water • Silica Sand • Soap, Alkali • Carbon disul- • Bauxite Ore • Polyurethane Product • Extracted • Limestone • Chemical fide Material • Lime Crude Oil • Soda Ash • Catalysts solvents • Sulfuric acid Manufacturer • Caustic soda • Blowing • Cullet • Fleece • Water Cellu- Agents Personal History • Dye lose Components • Heat • Heat X Lifecycle • Electricity • Electricity Impacts Energy • Diesel oil • Diesel oil • Electricity • Electricity • Electricity • Electricity Improvements Sources Material Production e? Bauxit Refinement of Production of Production of a? Alumin m? Oil Wool yarns Rayon u Alumin Production of Production of Production of Production of Production of Production of Production of Aluminum Rilsan Plastic finish Polymers Glass Fibers Foam Woven Fabric • Sand, Dirt, • Solid waste • Bulk Waste • Bulk Waste • Bulk Waste Grease Waste/ • Scrap (100% • Hazardous • Hazardous • Hazardous • Cut Waste • Cut Waste • Waste water, By-product Recycled) Waste Waste Waste pesticide • Textile waste • Carbon disul- • SO2, CO2 fide • CO2, VOC’s Emissions • Suspended • CO2, VOC’s • CO2, VOC’s • CO2, VOC’s • Fibrous dust • CO2, VOC’s • Hydrogen Solids sulfide • VOC’s • 4-6 tones Bauxit  2 tones Alumina  1 ton Aluminum • Open cast mining • Highly energy intensive production process • ~80-90% of mined area rehabilitated Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Common Impacts Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle X Impacts Improvements Sources • Natural resources exploration and extraction • Occupational hazards • Population movements • Accidents Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Specific Impacts Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle X Impacts Improvements Sources • Plastics & foam highly dependent on oil • Initial aluminum production resource and • High impact of wool on environment and wild- energy intensive life but recycles very well Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Approaches not mutually exclusive! Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts X Improvements Sources • Lengthen life cycle • Increase share of recycled materials • Provide recycling opportunities • Use alternative materials and processes Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Certified Refurbishing Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts X Improvements Sources Certified Refurbisher good care l take iece! the y wil recious p r p o f you • High end pieces, structural sound components • Establish and provide reference to network • Wear and tear unavoidable of Knoll certified refurbishers • Often disposed due to purely visual issues • Increases usable life cycle Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Cross-Industry Recycling Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts X Improvements Sources governmenta l regulation industry le not effectiv adership ne e, eded • Single vendor recycling program not economical • Provide information on recycling opportunities • Similar recyclable materials cross-vendor and • Make recycling more convenient cross-industry • Further encouragement through coupon or • Work with local recycling facilities rewards program Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Recyled Materials Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Shell Components Recycled glass or glass fibers Lifecycle for fiberglass shell Impacts X Improvements Sources Cushion Recycled wool Recycled foam Base Recycled aluminum his of t uch h ow m pening ear ap n ot cl ently h rr is cu Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Alternative Materials Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Shell Components able Polypropylene re cycl Lifecycle base Bio-based resin finish Impacts d corn on mate Improvements , tap r X ioca, ials lik whea e s Sources t an tarches d po tatoe from s Cushion Organic cotton or hemp Natural latex y nolog Base tech sed ew u Less material revi Bio-based resin finish Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Manufacturer Personal History Components Lifecycle Impacts X Improvements Sources 0 years! it f or another 5 let’ enjoy s Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Sources Saarinen Tulip Chair Product Aluminum for Future Generations/European Aluminum Association, www.alufuture.org Manufacturer Answers.com, www.answers.com Personal History Components Argonne National Laboratory - Office of Technology Transfer, anl.gov Lifecycle Impacts Arkema Inc., www.arkema-inc.com Improvements X Sources Ashby, M. and Kara Johnson. Materials and Design. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2002. biopolymer.net, online resources for a better environment, biopolymer.net Cereplast, Inc, cereplast.com Environmental Literacy Council, www.enviroliteracy.org Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), www.epa.gov FoamSource, foamsource.com Cradle to Grave: How Products Impact Natural Systems, www.howproductsimpact.net HermanMiller, herman-miller.com International Aluminum Institute, www.world-aluminum.org/ Lewis, Helen, and John Gertsakis. Design + Environment. Greenleaf Pubns, 2001. RocksAndMinerals.com, www.rocksandminerals.com/ The Shear Facts - Health, www.health.rmad.org/wool.htm Wikipedia, www.en.wikipedia.org Martin Konrad Gloeckle
  • Saarinen Tulip Chair Martin Konrad Gloeckle mgloeckle@yahoo.com Thank Y ou!