Salad Bowl Garden, UC Davis, presentation for Growing Power Urban and Small Farm Conference, 9/10
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Salad Bowl Garden, UC Davis, presentation for Growing Power Urban and Small Farm Conference, 9/10

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Salad Bowl Garden, UC Davis, presentation for Growing Power Urban and Small Farm Conference, 9/10 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How to Start an Urban Farm on your College Campus Margaret Lloyd mglloyd@ucdavis.edu
  • 2. How did we get from this to this in 2 years? the Salad Bowl Garden at the University of California (UC), Davis Margaret Lloyd mglloyd@ucdavis.edu
  • 3. At UC Davis, anyone can pick a salad and eat it, too.
  • 4. The Vision To grow a gorgeous garden that inspires a love of food growing, expands the limits of where food can be grown and increases the accessibility of fresh food. Bring the farm to the people!
  • 5. Why? Trends . . . 1. A decrease in young peoples interest in agriculture as a career or lifestyle 2. Poor eating habits and food choices (contributing to a health crisis in the United States) 3. Low exposure to how to grow and eat fresh food * * * We hope to reverse these trends by planting an edible, urban garden. We hope to stimulate more interest in agriculture, increase fresh food consumption, and inspire healthy living.
  • 6. Why UC Davis? • It’s our MISSION! – Title 12 of the Land Grant University • Leading institute in agricultural research and innovation-- – people look to us for solutions to contemporary problems • New Sustainable Agriculture major and Agriculture Sustainability Institute • Campus sustainability goals Why PES? (Plant and Environmental Sciences Building) • Central campus location • Houses the departments of Plant Sciences and LAWR (land air water resources), neighbors the departments of landscape architecture, pomology, and hydrology • Surrounded by experts and research in agriculture! • Ideal garden beds are already established
  • 7. Goals 1. Teach others how to garden and eat from the garden 2. Be a bridge between the UCD agricultural community and the public
  • 8. The Benefits 1. “Living Salad Bar”- fresh food while at UC Davis 2. A model garden for homes 3. Demonstration of agriculture (the point of our research and studies in PES!) 4. More beauty at the entrance to the building 5. Opportunities- employment, education, research, fun ...
  • 9. How? • Display educational and instructional information • Incorporate “local” expertise into the garden – Research – Advice team • Survey-ask the community • Host lunches, workdays and workshops in the garden • Create a garden team – Paid managers, interns, volunteers A participatory approach
  • 10. Participatory Approach • Why is participation important? – It’s in a community setting – To generate a sense of pride and connection to the place – Want people to be comfortable in the garden and engage in it – They are the experts--“Living Classroom”
  • 11. What can you do in 600 square feet? “Layer your garden project” Produce food Aesthetic Landscaping Research Classroom Employ students Improve morale Build Community Educational space Demonstrate home gardening Internship opportunity
  • 12. Phases of the Project Lifecycle from 2008-2010 Phase 1: Establish the garden Phase 2: Long term development Phase 3: Institutionalization Gardening People Power Communication Funding
  • 13. Phase 1: Establish the Garden • Determine the inputs Gardening • Find on-campus & local source of inputs • Find the experts • Reach out & attract interested folks People Power • Survey PES Communication • Use existing listserves Funding • Campus Sustainability Grant
  • 14. Phase 1: Establish the garden Permission • 1st: we got the money • 2nd: prepared a presentation to UCD grounds • Permitted me to plant on a 1x provisional basis
  • 15. 1. Planning and Design Garden Activity- “to do” Stakeholder- “how” IMPLEMENTATION Permission UCD Grounds -Activities & Stakeholders- Creative design Mark Francis, LDA Soil Test Mike Singer, LAWR “What do we need to do Input from the Community PES Surveys and how do we do it?” 2. Bed Preparation 4. General Care Activity- “to do” Stakeholder- “how” Activity- “to do” Stakeholder- “how” Compost Student Farm Irrigation UCD Irrigation - Transport compost UCD Grounds Volunteer schedule Double digging Garden Crew Trellising Ace Labeling Garden Crew 3. Transplanting Passers-by Activity- “to do” Stakeholder- “how” 5. Harvest Seedlings Grow our own: Student Farm Surplus: Campus Greenhouses Activity- “to do” Stakeholder- “how” Wholesale: Kelley’s, Salad Bowl Lunch PES Community Sunnyside Nursery, Others? Morning Sun Herb Farm Labeling Garden Crew Transplanting Garden Crew Passers-by
  • 16. Phase 1: Establish the garden Stakeholder Analysis Who is impacted by the garden project? • UC Davis • Department of Plant Sciences & LAWR • UC Davis Grounds • Environmental health and safety • General community/passers-by, esp. those who work/study at PES • Garden Volunteers • Eaters--grazers, “Salad Bowl Lunch” Funders • Campus Sustainability Grant • ASUCD • Dept Plant Sciences, LAWR
  • 17. Phase 1: Establish the garden Reality Planning Academic Calendar Nature’s Calendar Students’ calendar Sept-June + “breaks” aka seasons - Less busy before - Davis climate is midterms Solution: very accommodating -then, busier and 1. UCD Grounds maintains busier from the garden over summer midterm to finals 2. No garden work over Christmas break 3. Spring break is a Solution: possible good work time 1. Concentrate work 4. Funding is Sept-June early in the quarter (10 mo.) 2. Plan well 3. Meet regularly Salad Bowl Garden Calendar
  • 18. Phase 1: Establish the garden Garden & Workload Annual Cycle Fall Qtr Winter Qtr Spring Qtr Busy Busy Busy Activity September October November December January February March April May June July August Gardening Garden Plan: design x x x Bed Preparation x x x x x x Compost x x x x x x Transplanting x x x x x x x x Label: Plant ID x x x x xx x x x Trellising x x x x x Harvest x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x Salad Bowl Lunch x x x x x x x x x Tool Maintenance x x Labels: Educational x x x x x x x x x Fellowship research-? Funding Club Application x Fellowship application Management x x Manager application x x x x x New manager training x x x x x x x x x x
  • 19. Phase 1: Establish the garden Find existing communication hubs: List Serves Department list serves Who is being reached? • Land Air and Water Resources department: 400 faculty, staff, graduate students • Int’l Agricultural Development graduate group: 55 graduate students • Environmental horticulture and urban forestry: 55 undergraduate students • Horticulture & Agronomy graduate group: 85 graduate students • Department of Plant Sciences: 400 faculty, staff, graduate students Organization list serves • SSA: + 150 faculty, students Total number of people reached: ~1060 people Average number at a Salad Bowl Lunch: 40 people at a Work Day: 5-15 people
  • 20. Phase 1: Establish the garden Now that we brought the farm to the people, how do we get them to eat it? Salad Bowl Lunches!
  • 21. Phase 1: Establish the garden Funding Phase 1 Source Campus Sustainability Grant Amount $1800 • Seedlings Expenses • Labor
  • 22. Phase 2: Long Term Development Phase 1: Phase 2: Establish the Garden Long Term Development • Determine the inputs • Long term garden Gardening • Find on-campus & local infrastructure source of inputs • Find the experts • Secure storage unit • Reach out & attract • Our own group of People Power interested folks gardeners and eaters • Survey PES • SSA meeting • Salad Bowl Lunches • Intern • Use existing list serves • Newspaper and Communication newsletters • Additional list serves • Campus Sustainability Funding • Campus Sustainability Grant #2 Grant • ASUCD: drip irrigation
  • 23. Phase 2: Long term development Physical Infrastructure Phase 1 Phase 2 Pathways Bender Board Signage Irrigation
  • 24. Phase 2: Long Term Development Funding Phase 1 Phase 2 Source • Campus 1. Campus Sustainability Grant Sustainability Grant 2. ASUCD Amount $1800 1. $2300 (general) 2. $440 (irrigation) • Seeds • Seedlings Expenses • Labor • Labels: holders, production • Trowels, gloves • Drip irrigation conversion
  • 25. Phase 3: Institutionalization Phase 1 Phase 2: Long Term Phase 3: Experimentation Development Institutionalization • Determine inputs • Garden Manual • Find source of • Long term garden Gardening infrastructure • Entrance Sign inputs • Find the experts • Tree Care • Reach out & attract • Our own group of • Hire garden manager gardeners and eaters People Power interested folks • Create a core team • Survey PES • SSA meeting • Intern • Academic credit • Use existing • Newspaper and • Website Communication listserves newsletters • Garden Manual • Additional listserves • Garden Sign • 2nd Campus • Department Support Funding • 1st Campus Sustainability Grant • Undergraduate Sustainability Grant • ASUCD: Fellowship drip irrigation • Campus Club
  • 26. Phase 3: Institutionalization Physical Infrastructure Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Pathways Bender Board Signage Irrigation
  • 27. =5-7 people Phase 3: Institutionalization =12 people People Power =60 people Gardeners ! Ea rs =60 people ze te (~60 faculty, staff, grad, undergrad . . . ) ra rs Total: ~140 people G ! Garden Managers 2 Undergraduate Graduate Student Interns Advisor 2-5 Expert Advisors Everyone (12 faculty & staff) Else “Salad Bowl” Lunch (~60 folks) UC Davis community City of Davis
  • 28. Phase 3: Institutionalization Communication- SBG Manual THE ALL-YOU-NEED SUPERPOWER MANUAL PES Salad Bowl Garden Manager Table of Contents The Garden manager .............................................................................................................. 4 Grants ...................................................................................................................................24 Contract: Grounds and Salad Bowl Garden............................................................................. 5 America the Beautiful Fund, 1 / 20 / 2010 .........................................................................24 If the garden contract is not kept, UCD Grounds will take back the control of the FISKARS, 2 / 1 / 2010.......................................................................................................25 garden.Month–to-Month guide ............................................................................................... 6 ASUCD Irrigation Grant- 5 / 12 / 2009 ..............................................................................28 January ............................................................................................................................... 6 Campus Sustainability Grant 2008, 2009 ...........................................................................30 February ............................................................................................................................. 6 Budget...................................................................................................................................37 March................................................................................................................................. 7 Appendix...............................................................................................................................38 April................................................................................................................................... 7 1. Seed Sowing Guidelines .............................................................................................38 May.................................................................................................................................... 7 2. Crop Notes .................................................................................................................40 June.................................................................................................................................... 7 3. Bed History Templates ...............................................................................................44 July .................................................................................................................................... 8 4. Tomato Varieties—Summer 2009...............................................................................48 6. Student Application ....................................................................................................52 August................................................................................................................................ 8 September .......................................................................................................................... 8 October .............................................................................................................................. 8 November........................................................................................................................... 8 December ........................................................................................................................... 8 “Who ya gonna call” .............................................................................................................10 History of the garden: Bed/Crop rotation ...............................................................................12 History of the garden: Soil Amendments ...............................................................................16 History of the garden: Daily Log ...........................................................................................16 Pre-“Salad Bowl Garden”..................................................................................................16 Year 1-2008.......................................................................................................................16 Year 2-2009.......................................................................................................................17 Year 3-2010.......................................................................................................................17 How to ..................................................................................................................................19 Sow seeds and raise seedlings............................................................................................19 Transplant .........................................................................................................................20 Prepare Beds for planting ..................................................................................................21 Keep track .........................................................................................................................22
  • 29. Phase 3: Institutionalization Communication- Entrance Sign Flyer Box: Include handouts about “how to”, varieties, history of the garden, etc. Chalkboard Harvest basket
  • 30. Phase 3: Institutionalization Communication- saladbowlgarden.ucdavis.edu
  • 31. Phase 3: Institutionalization Funding Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 1. Campus Sustainability 1. Departmental Support Source • Campus Grant 2. Undergraduate Fellowship Sustainability Grant 2. ASUCD 3. Campus Club $1800 1. $2300 1. All materials Amount 2. $440 2. $1000/quarter 3. $500/yr + • Seeds • Seedlings •Seedlings, seeds Expenses • Amendments • Amendments •Amendments • Labor • Bender board •Labels • Labels •Trowels, gloves •Tools • Drip irrigation •Student stipend •Entrance sign
  • 32. PROJECT EVALUATION Has the garden made a difference? ~Impact and Measurable Indicators~ • How much food is produced? • How many gardeners have we trained? • How many people eat from the garden? • Inspired other projects? • Public image: Positive spotlight on UC Davis
  • 33. How much is produced? (600sqft) Yield (lbs) Yield (cal) How many people does this feed? 2008 1,629 181,691 •1 Female (2000 cal/day): 91 days 2009 1,393 216,411 •1 Male (2500 cal/day): 75 days Servings # of days # How many servings of salad? (total) (@5 servings people/day 1 serving (raw veggie) = 1 cup vegetables/day) 2008 9886 1977 5.4 1c tomato = 6.3 oz (0.39lb) 2009 8779 1756 4.8 1c broccoli = 2.5 oz (0.16lb) 1c lettuce (shredded)= 1.9 g (0.1212 lb) Recommended: 3 - 5 to 9 servings vegetables/day
  • 34. Who attends the lunches? • Year 1: averaged 20 participants • Year 2: averaged 40 participants • More women come than men • More graduate students than undergraduate • More staff than faculty How many have picked their own food before? •More than 50% have never picked their own food! •Of those who have, more than 50% learned a new vegetable
  • 35. Have we inspired others? • YES! • Already replicated: 1. Health and Wellness center-- built into existing landscape 2. Student Health Services; constructed in NEW health center 3. Mondavi Center “Good Life Garden” 4. Student Dorms-currently underway • Spearheaded by an undergraduate “salad bowl gardener” Now, we have created a network of independently run, small edible gardens on campus • Replicate on other Campuses? UC system?
  • 36. “Scaling up” • Limit on “carrying capacity”-only 600 sqft – At the moment, we have ~40 people at lunch, 5-15 people at work days – 25+ applications for 1 position • Limit on the # of core team members? • Integrate into classes – “field component” requirement – Internship and academic credit – “farm to school” at the University level • Involve more people, in different ways • Display research from UC Davis • Include the fine arts in our educational labels or T-shirt • Music performance at lunch time
  • 37. “Scaling out” • Develop “package” to set-up, run, fund . . . a garden – Garden Manual: available on-line – Train gardeners • Unify the gardens- • Share website, have links to other gardens • Apply for larger grants as a collective of gardens • Determine how much food is produced collectively • Develop signs and have them available on-line!
  • 38. Media Coverage • Internal UCD Stories – About 1-2x per year, we have an article a UC Davis paper – “Local Dirt” university radio program • Non-campus Coverage – Local papers (Davis Enterprise) – Davis Climate Change Action Documentary – ABC News – Fox News – NBC News
  • 39. Lessons Learned • Build in evaluations and assessments • What do we want to know? Why? • More data collection, food diaries, recorded observations . . . • Build the organizational structure early • Plan for students involvement on a yearly rotation • Determine a regular, predictable schedule--momentum is important • Most people want to garden and not attend meetings • Form a strong, positive and cooperative bond with the most significant stakeholder, in this case UCD grounds • Early on, discover their concerns, experiences and risk in your project
  • 40. Interesting Questions Future Work? Gleaners- • What are they doing with it? • Who is gleaning? Health conditions? • Who are the customers? (beneficiaries) who’s participating? Who am I reaching? •Am I reaching the converted? or am I converting people? •Vegetarians? Organic, “foodies”? Eating trends? Does working in the garden replace something? • If so, what? Opportunity cost? Labor costs? Food habit changes? • Are people making food choices at home based on what’s available in the garden? •Are people learning from the garden? •Behavior change--did it inspire action elsewhere? Home? •Ex. list 10 things you took away from the garden
  • 41. Thank you! Questions? Margaret Lloyd mglloyd@ucdavis.edu http://saladbowlgarden.ucdavis.edu
  • 42. Verticillium dahliae
  • 43. Morphology • Hypahe and conidia are mostly haploid Verticillate conidiophores • Hyaline, septate caenocytic hyphae •Whorled conidiophores •Resting Structures: Microscleortia Light prevents the formation of diffusible morphogenic factors, which inhibit hyphal enlongation
  • 44. It’s beautiful!