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8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
8. Simple Organism Notes
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8. Simple Organism Notes

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  • 1. Kingdoms: Monera, Protista, Fungi, & Plantae
  • 2. Primary Producters
    • Capable of using light energy to perform photosynthesis and thus create their own food
  • 3. Autotrophs & Heterotrophs
    • Autotroph – organism capable of producing own food
    • Heterotroph – organism that needs to ingest nutrients/food
  • 4. Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
    • Prokaryotic – cells that do not have a nucleus
    • Eukaryotic – cells that have a defined nucleus
  • 5. Kingdom Monera
    • Prokaryotic
    • Autotrophic or Heterotrophic
    • Bacteria & Cyanobacteria
  • 6. Bacteria
    • Unicellular
    • Rod-shaped with cell wall
    • Smallest living creatures on earth
    • Prokaryote
    • Kingdom Monera
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Cyanobacteria
    • Blue-Green Algae
    • Photosynthetic Bacteria
    • Important role in the accumulation of oxygen in our atmosphere
  • 10.  
  • 11. Kingdom Protista
    • Eukaryotic
    • Combine characteristics of plants & animals
    • Includes: unicellular algae, protozoans, and multi-cellular algae
  • 12. Unicellular Algae
    • Widely used term to describe mostly aquatic, photosynthetic eukaryotes
  • 13. Diatoms
    • Unicellular algae
    • Cell walls made of silica
    • Drifts in water (plankton)
  • 14.  
  • 15. Dinoflaggellates
    • Unicellular algae
    • Two unequal size flagella
    • Cell wall of armored plates of cellulose
  • 16.  
  • 17. Foraminiferans
    • Protozoans (animal like protists)
    • Have pseudopodia (cytoplasmic extenstions)
    • Also called forams
  • 18.  
  • 19. Ciliates
    • Protozoans
    • Have hair-like cilia to move
    • Can live in gills, intestines, skin of fish, or attached to surfaces
  • 20.  
  • 21. Multi-Cellular Algae
    • Called “Seaweeds”
    • More complex than unicellular algae but not as complex as terrestrial plants
    • Categorized in Kingdom Protista, however some put them in Plantae
  • 22. Parts:
    • Thallus :
    • The entire structure
    • Stipe :
    • Stem-like part
    • Blade :
    • Leaf-like part
    • Holdfast :
    • Holds on but not a true root capable of transport
  • 23. Green algae
    • Most found in freshwater or terrestrial environments
    • Unicellular
    • Bright green because chlorophyll is not masked.
  • 24.  
  • 25. Brown Algae
    • Almost all marine
    • Make up the most complex and largest seaweeds
    • Make up kelp
  • 26.  
  • 27. Red Algae
    • Most found in marine environments
    • Largest group of algae
  • 28.  
  • 29. Kingdom Fungi
    • 500 species of marine fungi
    • Decomposers of dead matter
    • Non-photosynthetic
    • Plant-like
    • Eukaryotic
  • 30. Kingdom Plantae
    • Eukaryotic
    • Photosynthetic
    • Almost all multi-cellular
  • 31. Seagrasses
    • Not really grasses, more closely related to lilies
    • Form meadows in shallow, tropical waters
  • 32. Salt Tolerant plants
    • Most plants that inhabit salt marshes and shorelines are just tolerant to salt water and do not have adaptations especially for it

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