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# Movement of the Earth Notes

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### Movement of the Earth Notes

1. 1. Movement of the Earth
2. 2. Rotation • The spin of the Earth on its axis
3. 3. Rotation • Takes about 24 hours for one complete rotation • Results in night/day and the Coriolis Effect • Earth tilted on its axis
4. 4. Revolution • The motion of a body that travels around another body in space; one complete trip along an orbit
5. 5. Revolution • Takes 365 ¼ days for one full revolution around the sun • The Earth’ orbit is a slight ellipse, rather than a perfect circle
6. 6. Perihelion: • The point in the orbit of a planet at which the plant is closest to the sun
7. 7. Aphelion: • The point in the orbit of a planet at which the planet is farthest from the sun
8. 8. The Earth’s Motion Provides for Time: A) The day is determined by the time for one rotation divided by 24 units B) The year is determined by the time of one revolution C) Months were originally determined by the time between full moons, but not a whole number, it was just put as roughly one twelfth of a year
9. 9. The Earth’s Motion Provides for Time: d) Since the revolution around the sun is 365 1/4 , we account for the extra time every four years during a leap year e) Time zones determined such that the highest point of the sun during the day is noon. Determined by 360 degrees in a sphere, divided by 24 hours, equals 15 degrees of rotation an hour, thus a new time zone every 15 degrees f) International Date Line marks the change of one day to another
10. 10. Time Zones
11. 11. The Seasons • The Earth is tilted on the axis at 23.5 degrees and it takes 365 ¼ days to revolve around the sun • When a hemisphere faces the sun, the you get more direct insolation, thus summer. Angle of insolation is far more important than distance to the sun when determine the season
12. 12. Equinox: • The moment when the sun strikes the Earth’s equator at 90 degrees, thus the hours of daylight and darkness are equal everywhere on Earth • Autumnal & Vernal Equinoxes
13. 13. Solstice: • The point at which the sun is as far north or as far south of the equator as possible • Summer and Winter solstice