Nouns explanation


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Nouns explanation

  1. 1. A noun is the word that refers to a person, thing or abstract idea. A noun can tell you who or what. There are several different types of noun:- There are common nouns such as dog, car, chair etc. Nouns that refer to things which can be counted (can be singular or plural) are countable nouns. A book, two books, three books ..... An apple, two apples, three apples Nouns that refer to some groups of countable nouns, substances, feelings and types of activity (can only be singular) are uncountable nouns. Water / Work / Information / Coffee / Sand /
  2. 2. Nouns that refer to a group of people or things are collective nouns. Tables, chairs, cupboards etc. are grouped under the collective noun furniture Nouns that refer to people, organisations or places are proper nouns, only proper nouns are capitalised. Nouns that are made up of two or more words are called compound nouns. The words tooth and paste are each nouns in their own right, but if you join them together they form a new word - toothpaste. Nouns that are formed from a verb by adding -ing are called gerunds A gerund (often known as an -ing word) is a noun formed from a verb by adding -ing. It can follow a preposition, adjective and most often another verb. Walking in healthy to people.
  3. 3. Proper nouns ( also called proper names) are the words which name specific people, organisations or places. They always start with a capital letter. Each part of a person's name is a proper noun:- Lynne Hand - Elizabeth Helen Ruth Jones ... The names of companies, organisations or trade marks:- Microsoft - Rolls Royce - the Round Table - WWW Given or pet names of animals:- Lassie Trigger Sam The names of cities and countries and words derived from those proper nouns:- Paris - London - New York - England - English
  4. 4. Geographical and Celestial Names:- the Red Sea - Alpha Centauri - Mars Monuments, buildings, meeting rooms:- The Taj Mahal - The Eiffel Tower - Room 222 Historical events, documents, laws, and periods:- the Civil War - the Industrial Revolution - World War I Months, days of the week, holidays:- Monday - Christmas - December Religions, deities, scriptures:- God - Christ - Jehovah - Christianity - Judaism - Islam - the Bible - the Koran - the Torah Awards, vehicles, vehicle models and names, brand names:- the Nobel Peace Prize - the Scout Movement - Ford Focus - the Bismarck - Kleenex - Hoover
  5. 5. Use capital letters for Proper Nouns in the following sentences. 1. paris is the capital of france. Click here for the answer Paris is the capital of France. 2. william shakespeare is a famous english author. Click here for the answer William Shakespeare is a famous English author. 3. ‘war and peace' was written by leo tolstoy. Click here for the answer ‘War and Peace' was written by Leo Tolstoy 4. The universities of oxford and cambridge offer degree courses at the highest level. Click here for the answer The universities of Oxford and Cambridge offer degree courses at the highest level. 5. john's two dogs are named rover and boxer. Click here for the answer John's two dogs are named Rover and Boxer.