Canadian Internet Registration AuthorityByron HollandPresident and CEOJanuary 2013
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Agenda 1. What CIRA does and how 2. Current Activities 3. CIRA History and Governance 4. Internet History and Governance 5. Questions?
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Mission CIRA’s mission is to foster the development of .CA as a key public resource for all Canadians by providing stable, secure and trusted domain name services, and by taking a leadership role in shaping Canada’s Internet for the benefit of .CA domain holders.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Vision CIRA’s vision is to be a world-class Internet Registry that is recognized and valued by the Internet community and Canadians.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Values• We believe that fairness, transparency and high ethical standards are the foundation of our culture.• CIRA is committed to a collaborative team environment that seeks continuous improvement and breakthrough ideas through innovation.• At CIRA we are committed to exceeding stakeholder expectations through excellence in operations, service delivery and engagement.• We believe in having a positive influence in the communities where we provide service and do business.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Primary Roles of CIRA Ensure effective stewardship of .CA: 1. Operate DNS in 100% uptime environment 2. Operate .CA Registry 3. Manage .CA brand 4. Develop and implement policies that support Canadas Internet community 5. Represent .CA interests internationally
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Who is CIRA? • The registry that operates the country code Top-Level Domain for Canada (the .CA ccTLD). • A thick Registry that currently has over 2 million domain names under management. • CIRA processes: – 250,000,000 DNS queries per day. – 5,000 registration requests per day. – 4,000,000 WHOIS queries per day.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Who is CIRA? • Staff of 60 full time employees • Revenues of $15.6 million in FY12 • Has about 150 certified Registrars • Has approximately 1.2M Registrants and approximately 15,000 Members
CIRA History and Governance
Canadian Internet Registration Authority CIRA History • University of British Columbia. • Canadian Domain Name Consultative Committee . • Founding Board of Directors. • Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA).
Canadian Internet Registration Authority
Canadian Internet Registration Authority CIRA Governance • Not-for-profit corporation • Member-driven • 1999 Binder Letter to CIRA: – Recognizes CIRA as the administrator of the .CA domain space. – Requests a structure predicated upon: • Conducting CIRAs activities in an open and transparent manner that ensures wide public access to all relevant information. • Following fair and sound business practices.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority CIRA Governance – Cont’d • Binder Letter to CIRA cont’d: – Ensuring an appropriate balance of representation, accountability and diversity on the Board of Directors for all categories of stakeholders. – Applying for domain names being as quick and easy as applying for domain names in other top level domains, and priced competitively. – Reducing conflicts between persons granted domain names and other Fights holders, including trade-marks or business names. – A system that facilitates and encourages entry for new players including registrars.
Canadian Market Share70.0% 62.5%60.0% 53.6%50.0% com Market Share40.0% net Market Share 30.3% org Market Share30.0% info Market Share biz Market Share 20.4%20.0% ca Market Share10.0% 0.0% Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 2007 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2010 2011 2011 2011 2011 2012 2012 Source: Dr. Zook Q2 2012 Canadian Domain Names Report, .CA Registry Database
Five Year Average Growth Rates Specific TLDs Global TLD Growth 2007-2012 80% 70% 60% 50% Percentage Growth 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% -10% -20% nl de br se com us ca cn net uk no eu org fr au All gTLDs All ccTLDs Other gTLDs TLDsSource: CIRA Benchmarking Research, Competitive Analysis Matrix
Canadian Internet Registration Authority CIRA’s Strategic Objectives
Canadian Internet Registration Authority What CIRA does: .CA Product: • Develops and maintains its own registry software supporting two interface formats. • Recently redesigned registry software and related policies. • Owns and operates its registration primary and backup data centres. • Operates the To Be Released (TBR) system. • Operates WHOIS service. • Operates a worldwide DNS secondary infrastructure.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority What CIRA does: Channel and Customer Relations: • Certifies and re-certifies Registrars. • Manages and enforces the Registrar Agreement. • Manages major Certified Registrar issues (financials, sales, going out of business, etc.). • Holds regular consultations and meetings with Registrars. • Manages and enforces the Registrant Agreement. • Handles Registrant complaints.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority What CIRA does: Governance: • Runs annual elections for the Board of Directors. • Holds a formal Annual General Meeting (AGM). • Publishes an annual report. • Publicly publishes the minutes of its Board meetings and audited financial statements.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority What CIRA does: Other: • Operates the CIRA Domain Name Dispute Resolution Process (CDRP). • Operates bilingually. • Participates in relevant national and international groups, initiatives and fora.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority How We Do It: • Three year strategic planning cycles. • Engagement with the Canadian Internet community. • Participation in international technical and policy forums. • A high-performing team located in Ottawa.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority CIRA Policies• Canadian Presence Requirements: – For Registrants. – For Registrars.• CIRA Dispute Resolution Policy (CDRP).• WHOIS Policy.• Low barrier to entry for Registrars.• Competitive Registry.• Protection of the Registrant by the Registry.• Registrants are the members of the corporation.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Internationalized Domain Names • French-accented characters, such as û, à, ç, ë, and œ. • Available since January 13, 2013. • Every French character variant of a .CA domain is part of a bundle. (For example, the bundle for cira.ca would include variants such as cirà.ca, çira.ca, cîra.ca, çïrâ.ca, and all other combination of accented French and standard ASCII characters)
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Product Improvements DNSSEC • RFCs for adding digital signatures to DNS data. • Provides authenticity of data. • Adds secure delegations from parent to child, creating trust hierarchies (“path of trust”). • Provides provable denial of existence. • Compromised name servers detected and ignored. • DNS data manipulation detected and ignored. • DNSSEC enabled for .CA in January 2013.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Canadian Internet Forum • CIF process began in 2009. • National dialogue with Canadians on Internet-related issues. • Bottom-up, grass roots, multi-stakeholder process. • Third CIF began in November 2012. • National event: Ottawa, February 28, 2013 in Ottawa. • Online discussion forum. • Output presented to the Internet Governance Forum. • Cif.cira.ca
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Community Investment Program (CIP) • Initiatives ultimately work toward providing benefits to Canadian Internet users. • CIP is funded through the annual operating planning process. • Initiatives will encompass a range of activities. • Activities will be both CIRA or 3rd Party developed/managed and fall within the scope of our corporate objects.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Community Investment Program (CIP) Three Overall Thrusts Continue to fund Internet related initiatives internally that are close to core of business Consider supporting the establishment of a Canadian organization Launch an “arms length” Advisory Committee of the Board to administer and distribute funds to third parties in support of Internet Related Activities
Internet History and Governance
Canadian Internet Registration Authority History of the Internet • Began in 1960s and 1970s as a tool for research and military use. • By 1990s commercial services began showing up. • 10 years ago 100 million people were online. • Today 2 billion people are online – and growing.
Internet Governance• Internet Society (ISOC), Internet Architecture Board (IAB), and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)• International Telecommunications Union (ITU)• Internet Governance Forum (IGF) – First Canadian IGF (CIF) - February 2011• Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
Canadian Internet Registration Authority
Canadian Internet Registration Authority ICANN • Coordinates the Internet’s identifiers. • Responsible for IANA function. • Develops global internet naming policy • IDN ccTLDs (e.g. Chinese, Arabic, and Russian characters instead of latin characters) available since November 2009 at first level: 12 IDN ccTLDs have been delegated, with several more pending delegation: – Egypt: . – Tunisia: . – Russian Federation: .рф • New gTLDs (e.g. .sport, .music, .berlin) in 2013. • CIRA plays important role in ICANN policy development: ccNSO, working groups.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority ICANN Cont’d ↕ CIRA
Canadian Internet Registration Authority UN’s Role Internet Governance Forum: • Multi-stakeholder format: governments, civil society, academia, the technical community, and Internet users. • A forum for Internet-related discussions. International Telecommunication Union (ITU): • Coordinates and manages global telecommunications traffic. • Traditionally have had little to do with Internet traffic. • New treaty (International Telecommunications Regulations) negotiated in October – included Internet-related provisions. Canada did not sign.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority World Conference on Information Technology • Conference of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in December 2012. • Discuss the International Telecommunications Regulations (ITRs) for 1st time in 25 years. • New ITRs include provisions that extend the ITU’s reach over the Internet.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority World Conference on Information Technology • Canada refused to sign, nor did 1/3 of member states. • Contentious issues: – Secrecy surrounding proposals. – Definition of operating agency could include ISPs. – Spam-related provisions. • Possible creation of ‘two-tier Internet’.
Canadian Internet Registration Authority Questions? Byron Holland President and CEO Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) http://cira.ca Twitter: @CIRA001 @CIRAnews 1-877-860-1411