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History & Visual Approaches Visual Project
 

History & Visual Approaches Visual Project

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Psychology

Psychology

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    History & Visual Approaches Visual Project History & Visual Approaches Visual Project Presentation Transcript

    • History & Visual Approaches Visual Project
      Mark Geise
    • Structuralism
      Psychological approach focusing on the structure of the brain.
      Wilhelm Wundt
      Edward Titchener
      G. Stanley Hall
      Introspection
    • Functionalism
      Psychological approach focusing on the function of mental processes.
      William James
      Not concerned with where mental processes occur, but simply how observable behavior occurs.
    • Behavioral Approach
      Explaining behavior through observation of said behavior
      Ivan Pavlov – classical conditioning
      John Watson – Little Albert
      BF Skinner – operant conditioning, Skinner box
      Albert Bandura – observational learning, Bobo doll
      Conditioning - induced fear in baby by making loud noise when coming in contact with rat; baby soon associated the rat with fear
    • Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic Approach
      Psychological approach focusing on the conscious and unconscious processes and emotions that determine behavior
      Sigmund Freud – Dreams, Unconscious, id, ego, superego
      Carl Jung – collective unconscious, introversion, and extroversion
      Alfred Adler – inferiority complex, birth order
      Unconscious mind drives much of human behavior
    • Humanistic Approach
      Psychological approach emphasizing the individual and the potential for self-fulfillment
      Abraham Maslow – self actualization, Maslow’s hierarchy
      Carl Rogers – unconditional positive regard, active listening
      Martin Seligman – positive psychology
      Individual is emphasized and at the forefront of the humanistic approach
    • Cognitive Approach
      Psychological approach focusing on the internal processes of thought
      Jean Piaget – cognitive development
      Aaron Beck – cognitive triad
      Hermann Ebbinghaus- memory
      Ebbinghaus showed that increased repetition causes better memory through his experimentation
    • Biological Approach
      Psychological approach in which concrete science is at the forefront
      Human behavior is produced through a complex biological system with the human brain and body
      Roger Sperry – left and right sides of brain are specialized in different tasks
      Sperry showed that the left and right hemispheres of the brain are specialized in different tasks
    • Evolutionary Approach
      Psychological approach in which behavior is explained through evolutionary terms
      All behavior has an adaptive or evolutionary purpose
      Edward Wilson – Sociobiology (1975) related evolution and psychology
      Jane Goodall– chimps and humans express similar behavior in communities
      Human behavior is explained through evolutionary terms; therefore, the roots of much of our behavior can be traced back to and still observed in chimpanzees
    • Sociocultural Approach
      Psychological approach in which the effects of culture, politics, and society on human behavior are analyzed
    • Bibliography
      Images:
      http://paulbuckley14059.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/introspection.jpg
      http://www.qwantz.com/fanart/functionalism.gif
      http://www.flavinscorner.com/albert2.jpg
      http://www.humansea.co.uk/images/unconscious-mind_sm.gif
      http://www.smokescreendesign.com/images/Man-Leonardo-da-Vinci.jpg
      http://www.phase-6.com/opencms/system/galleries/pics/Vokabeltrainer/forgetting_curve_en.png
      http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/medicine/split-brain/images/eyes.gif
      http://www.fizyka.umk.pl/~duch/ref/00/00-how-brain/hemis.gif
      http://apenotes.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/chimp.jpg