Behaviorist Theory

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Behaviorist Theory

  1. 1. Behaviorist Theory<br />By: Alyssa Fink<br />
  2. 2. Behaviorists believe that…<br />all behavior is learned through the process of stimulus-response<br />behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, or punishment.<br />
  3. 3. Operant Conditioning<br />B.F. Skinner is credited for his work in operant conditioning<br />This theory suggests that animals and humans behave in specific ways do to their environment.<br />If a behavior is reinforced it will most likely happen again. If a behavior is punished it will decrease in frequency.<br />
  4. 4. Positive Reinforcement<br />A pleasurable reward is given after the subject performs the required behavior.<br />Ex. The students receive a piece of candy after they finish reading a chapter book.<br />The students are more likely to read books often if they are rewarded for reading with something that they enjoy.<br />A positive reinforcement can be as simple as giving a student verbal praise after answering a question correctly.<br />
  5. 5. Negative Reinforcement<br />The act of taking away something unpleasant after the subject performs the desired task.<br />Ex. Allowing the student to skip a homework assignment if they receive an A on a test.<br />Students dislike doing homework so you are rewarding them by taking it away. This action will stimulate the students to continue earning A’s on tests.<br />
  6. 6. Punishment<br />The appearance of something adverse or the disappearance of something positive when the subject performs an undesirable task.<br />Ex. The teacher takes away recess time from Sally for pushing Suzy while they were standing in line.<br />Recess is something that students look forward to. By taking away Sally’s recess the teacher is decreasing the probability that Sally will push again.<br />
  7. 7. Punishment<br />Ex. Richey did not complete his homework yesterday. The teacher gives Richey a 0 on that assignment. <br />Richey does not want to receive a 0 for a grade so he is less likely to forget his homework in the future.<br />
  8. 8. Behaviorism in the classroom<br />Determine what reinforcements and punishments work best for your students <br />Determine the exact behavior you want the students to learn before giving any response<br />Try to minimize the time between the students action and your response<br />Be consistent when giving reinforcements and punishments to students<br />
  9. 9. Click on the icon below to view my Go Animate video on the behaviorist theory.<br />
  10. 10. Works Cited<br />“Behaviorism at Learning-Theories.com.” Learning Theories Knowledgebase. Learning Theories., Feb. 2010. Web. 8 Feb. 2010. &lt;http://www.learning-theories.com/‌behaviorism.html&gt;.<br />Elliott, Stephen N, et al. Educational Psychology. 3rd ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000. 208-218. Print.<br />Gagne, Robert M, et al. Principles of Instructional Design. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2005. Print.<br />

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