4316730-287655Law Enforcement Intelligence-108585-340360District of Columbia Crime Report Analyst: Mike GallagherLaw Enforcement RIAP 276Unclassified12/20/09 2009 About This Document Mike Gallagher, a sophomore in the Mercyhurst College Institute for Intelligence Studies program, prepared this report for Prof. David Grabelski. This Report serves to analyze the crime statistics of Washington D.C over the last 5 years and to identify and briefly report on a current crime issue within the District of Colombia. The taskings for this report were given on December 9, 2009 and the final product was completed on December 20, 2009. The analytical confidence for this assessment is high. Source reliability is high. There is no conflict amongst sources. The analyst had low expertise, worked alone and did not use structured analytical methods. The research was simple and the amount of time available was adequate. To contact the Analyst or to review this report along with other reports prepared by the analyst, please visit the analyst’s website at www.mciismgallagher.com. The pass-code for the website is 3-0-1-7. Mike Gallagher 12/09/2009 347980115570 5151755196215
RapeType 1 Crimes Analyzed within D.C. Aggravated Assault Auto TheftLarcenyBurglaryMurder Robbery Page Left blank Intentionally -129540-100965 Total Crime Analysis 84010592075 -113030-42545Total Crime
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1: Total Crime in Washington DC from 2004 – 2008 statistics.Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 2: Average Crime in Washington DC from 2004 – 2008 statistics -76200-95250 Executive summary:On average, crime (with the exception of rape, burglary, and auto theft) has gone up between the year 2007 and 2008. The one-year difference between 07 and 08 crimes is .107%, or 1251 crimes. However, looking at all crimes from 2004-2008, we see that crimes have dropped by 3%, or 2408 crimes. Total Crime Discussion:Looking at figure one, we can see that total crime in Washington DC has drooped between the years of 2004 and 2006. Conversely, crime has been escalating between the years 2006 and 2008. However, this increase in crime has not reached the high of 2004. Looking at figure 2, we can also see the most common crimes (average), in order are larceny, auto theft, aggravated assault, burglary, robbery, and rape, followed closely by murder. The one-year difference (07-08) between auto theft, burglary, and rape is negative (has gone down) while murder, robbery, agg. assault, and larceny is positive. In regards to percent change between crimes from 2004 to 2008, all crimes have decreased with the exception of robbery (+ 30%) and larceny (+29%). The average decrease of total crime from 2004 through 2008 is 3%. -153670-53975Total Crime 4627245269875 Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 3-1905106680 Figure 3 shows the difference in crime between the years 2007 and 2008. We can see for the most part crime has slightly risen (average 07-08 raise is .107%).112395139065 Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 4: 2007 -2008 Percent change. Total % change is .107%. -154371-157655Total Crime 750570238125 Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 5: Percentage (%) change from years 2004 – 2008. Average % change is -3%. Page Left blank intentionally
-138430-61595 Individual Crime Analysis 814705187325 Murder Page Left blank intentionally Crime200420052006200720081 Yr Difference 2007-2008% Change 2007-20085 Yr Difference 2004-2008% Change 2004-20085 Year Average 2004-2008Murder19819516918118653%-12-6%186 190944595250
Murder Rape Out of all 5 years researched, 2004 had the highest rate of murder. Followed by 2005, 08, 07, and 06 being the lowest. Murder has gone up 3% between 2007 and 2008. However, murder has decreased by 6% between the years of 2004 through 2008. Furthermore, according to the DC Metropolitan Police, the amount of murders for the 2009 year so far is 135. If this number continues until the end of the year, then the decrease in crime from 2008 to 2009 will be 26.2%. Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,561242,mpdcNav_GID,1523,mpdcNav,|.asp Rape Page Left blank intentionally 188595159385
Out of all 5 years researched, 2004 had the highest rate of rape. Followed by 2007, 08, 06, and 05 having the lowest. There were six less reported rapes in 2008 than there where in 2007, meaning that the percent change from 2007 to 2008 is -3%. However, the percent change from 2004 to 2008 is -16%. Robbery Page Left blank intentionally 5715010160 1580515167005 Robbery Out of all 5 years researched, 2008 had the highest rate of robbery. Followed by 2007, 06, 05, and 04 having the lowest. There were 169 more reported robberies in 2008 than there where in 2007, meaning that the percent change from 2007 to 2008 is -4%. However, the percent change from 2004 to 2008 is -16%. Out of all the crimes mentioned in this report, robbery has the highest percent change (+30%) between years 2004 and 2008. Agg. Assault Page Left blank intentionally 128905236220 Agg. Assault 1908810252730 Out of all 5 years researched, 2008 had the highest rate of agg. assault. Followed by 2007, 06, 05, and 04 having the lowest. There were 43 more reported agg. assaults in 2008 than there where in 2007, meaning that the percent change from 2007 to 2008 is +1%. In addition, the percent change from 2004 to 2008 is -9%. Burglary Page Left blank intentionally Burglary 193779170597
1259840154940 Out of all 5 years researched, 2004 had the highest rate of burglary. Followed by 2007, 06, 08, and 05 having the lowest. There were 139 less reported burglaries in 2008 than there where in 2007, meaning that the percent change from 2007 to 2008 is- 4%. Similarly, the percent change from 2004 to 2008 is -4%. Larceny Page Left blank intentionally 216942252484 Larceny 1212850207010 Out of all 5 years researched, 2008 had the highest rate of larcenies. Followed by 2007, 06, 04, and 05 having the lowest. There were 2311 more reported larcenies in 2008 than there where in 2007, meaning that the percent change from 2007 to 2008 is 14%. In addition, the percent change from 2004 to 2008 is 29%. Out of all the crimes mentioned in this report, larceny has the highest percentage increase (+14%) from 2007 to 2008. Auto Theft Page Left blank intentionally 135056143301 Auto Theft
14262109525 Out of all 5 years researched, 2004 had the highest rate of auto thefts. Followed by 2005, 07, 06, and 08 having the lowest. There were 1132 less reported larcenies in 2008 than there where in 2007, meaning that the percent change from 2007 to 2008 is -15%. In addition, the percent change from 2004 to 2008 is -26%. 14605041910-107074-110359 Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) Who: Mara Salvatrucha: AKA- MS, Mara, MS-13. (Name comes from combining the name of “La Mara”, a violent street gang in El Salvador with Salvatruchas, a term used to denote members of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front. The “13” was added to pay homage to the California prison gang, the Mexican Mafia.).MS-13 was started by El Salvadorian refuges who settled in the Rampart area of Los Angeles and later the Washington DC area. MS-13 mostly consists of Salvadoran nationals or first generation Salvadoran-Americans, but also Hondurans, Guatemalans, Mexicans, and other Central and South American immigrants.Source: http://www.knowgangs.com/gang_resources/profiles/ms13/http://www.zimbio.com/Mara+Salvatrucha/articles/2/Mara+Salvatrucha+MS+13 50241207112014351071120 Source: http://www.cis.org/ImmigrantGangs What: Criminal acts: MS-13 get the majority of their finances from smuggling and selling cocaine. MS-13 members also engage in a wide range of criminal activity, including murder, rape, prostitution, robbery, home invasions, immigration offenses, kidnapping, carjacking/auto thefts, and vandalism.MS-13 members perpetrate violence – from assaults to homicides, using firearms, machetes, or blunt objects – to intimidate rival gangs, law enforcement, and the general public. They often target middle and high school students for recruitment. Source: http://www.zimbio.com/Mara+Salvatrucha/articles/2/Mara+Salvatrucha+MS+13 How: Immigration law enforcement has been a key ingredient contributing to the success of criminal gang suppression efforts. Specifically with Operation Community Shield, which was enacted on February 2005 by the Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Initially, the focus of ICE's efforts were directed toward the Mara Salvatrucha organization, one of the most violent and rapidly growing transnational street gangs. However, ICE expanded Operation Community Shield to include all transnational criminal street gangs and prison gangs.Source: http://www.ice.gov/pi/investigations/comshield/index.htm When: 1980 – Present. Source: http://www.zimbio.com/Mara+Salvatrucha/articles/2/Mara+Salvatrucha+MS+13 Where: The largest concentration of MS-13 is in California, with large numbers also active in the Washington, D.C./Virginia area and New York metropolitan area. Within the DC Area, MS-13 is present throughout Montgomery and Prince George’s counties, but is especially active in the Langley Park and Takoma Park areas. MS-13 is present to a lesser degree in Howard County where MS-13 appears to be involved in auto theft. Individual gang members and gang graffiti are being identified by law enforcement throughout the state MS-13 operates in at least 42 states and the District of Columbia and has about 6,000-10,000 members nationwide. Currently, the threat is highest in the western and northeastern parts of the country, which coincides with elevated Salvadoran immigrant populations in those areas. Right now, MS-13 has no official national leadership structure. MS-13 originated in Los Angeles, but when members migrated eastward, they began forming cliques that for the most part operated independently. These cliques, though, often maintain regular contact with members in other regions to coordinate recruitment/criminal activities and to prevent conflicts. Los Angeles gang members may have an elevated status among their MS-13 counterparts across the country, a system of respect that could potentially evolve into a more organized national leadership structure. In addition, The Northern Virginia Regional Gang Task Force just released a report that claims that due to tougher laws and a concerted effort by law enforcement, many illegal alien gangs are leaving Virginia for the safe havens of Maryland.Source: http://www.ice.gov/pi/investigations/comshield/index.htm http://www.zimbio.com/Mara+Salvatrucha/articles/2/Mara+Salvatrucha+MS+13http://gangs.umd.edu/wfrmGangsinmdDetail.aspx?id=Mara%20Salvatrucha,%20or%20MS-13http://www.examiner.com/x-5919-Norfolk-Crime-Examiner~y2009m10d30-Maryland-has-become-a-haven-for-illegal-alien-gangsmore-on-the-way 2809875295910 Page Left blank intentionally
-149860-69850 Annexes 816610309245 Page Left blank intentionally
743585339725Annex I: District Crime Statistics-60325-15875 Washington D.C. District Wide Statistics1993-2008 -42545821690 56019702341880 Numbers were not taken from FBI UCR. Source is DC Metropolitan Police website. http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,547256,mpdcNav_GID,1556.asp-42545-1270 Washington D.C. Police Service Areas (PSA)/Districts 5457190265430 22288524765 On May 2, 2004, the Metropolitan Police Department implemented a major restructuring of its Police Service Areas (PSAs), a basic building block of community policing in the District of Columbia. The goal of the restructuring is to ensure better police services for DC neighborhoods by providing greater flexibility in neighborhood patrols and by aligning PSAs more closely with natural neighborhood boundaries. The restructuring plan reduces the number of PSAs from 83 to 46, thus creating new boundaries for all of the PSAs, as well as new boundaries for some police districts.Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,543336,mpdcNav_GID,1523,mpdcNav,|.asp 85407512065First District Station101 M Street, SWWashington, DC 20024Phone: (202) 698-0555 First District Substation500 E Street, SEWashington, DCPhone: (202) 698-0068Fax: (202) 727-4028 Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,Q,543658,mpdcNav_GID,1534.asp First District Crime Statistics 656145564135 -58420557530 5491480-95250Second District Crime Statistics Second District Station3320 Idaho Ave., NWWashington, DC 20016Phone: (202) 715-7300Fax: (202) 715-7382 Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,544652,mpdcNav_GID,1535.asp -56013301815 8572501Third District Crime Statistics Third District Station1620 V St., NWWashington, DC 20009Phone: (202) 673-6815Fax: (202) 673-2154 Third District Substation (3D-1)750 Park Rd., NWWashington, DCPhone: (202) 576-8222Fax: (202) 576-3350 Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,544981,mpdcNav_GID,1536.asp -56515571500 4084955-95250Fourth District Crime Statistics Fourth District Station6001 Georgia Ave., NWWashington, DC 20011Phone: (202) 715-7400Fax: (202) 715-7406Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,545499,mpdcNav_GID,1537.asp -69850572135 857250-38100Fifth District Station1805 Bladensburg Rd., NEWashington, DC 20002Phone: (202) 698-0150Fax: (202) 727-8453 Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,545954,mpdcNav_GID,1538.aspFifth District Crime Statistics -69850564515 Sixth District Station100 42nd St., NEWashington, DC 20019Phone: (202) 698-0880Fax: (202) 727-8223Sixth District Substation2701 Pennsylvania Ave., SEWashington, DC 20019Phone: (202) 698-2088Fax: (202) 727-3810Sixth District Satellite Station2839 Alabama Ave., SEWashington, DC 20020Phone: (202) 583-1891Fax: (202) 583-1892 Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,546269,mpdcNav_GID,1539.asp4171950-76200Sixth District Crime Statistics -87276198029 851560-94912Seventh District Crime Statistics Seventh District Station2455 Alabama Ave., SEWashington, DC 20020Phone: (202) 698-1500Fax: (202) 645-0020 Source: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,546633,mpdcNav_GID,1540.asp -76200260087 198882043180 District Crime Sub-Districts District of Colombia’s Districts separated into its sub-districts Page Left blank intentionally District of Columbia Crime Index Annex II an III-113030-47625-110490-47625
FBI UCR Sources: 2004- http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius_04/documents/CIUS_2004_Section2.pdf2005- http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/05cius/data/table_08_dc.html2006- http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2006/data/table_08_dc.html2007- http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2007/data/table_08_dc.html2008- http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2008/data/table_08_dc.htmlAnnex II: Sources Mara Salvachura Sources:http://www.knowgangs.com/gang_resources/profiles/ms13/http://www.zimbio.com/Mara+Salvatrucha/articles/2/Mara+Salvatrucha+MS+13http://www.ice.gov/pi/investigations/comshield/index.htmhttp://gangs.umd.edu/wfrmGangsinmdDetail.aspx?id=Mara%20Salvatrucha,%20or%20MS-13http://www.examiner.com/x-5919-Norfolk-Crime-Examiner~y2009m10d30-Maryland-has-become-a-haven-for-illegal-alien-gangsmore-on-the-wayhttp://www.cis.org/ImmigrantGangsWashington D.C Statistics: http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,546633,mpdcNav_GID,1540.asphttp://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,546269,mpdcNav_GID,1539.asphttp://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,545954,mpdcNav_GID,1538.asphttp://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,545499,mpdcNav_GID,1537.asphttp://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,544981,mpdcNav_GID,1536.asphttp://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,544652,mpdcNav_GID,1535.asphttp://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,Q,543658,mpdcNav_GID,1534.asp http://mpdc.dc.gov/mpdc/cwp/view,a,1239,q,547256,mpdcNav_GID,1556.asp Critics of the UCR note they do not accurately reflect crime rates in that they can only list crimes reported to law enforcement agencies. Also, should a number of crimes be connected, they only list the most serious one. For instance, if someone were murdered during a car theft, they would only list murder. Lastly, the list is biased in the reporting of rape. The UCR defines forcible rape as, "
the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will."
It does not list rapes against men, nor does it list same-sex rape.The UCR itself warns that it reflects crime reports by police, not later adjudication by coroner, medical examiner, district attorney, grand jury, trial judge, petit jury or appellate court.Source: http://www.jstor.org/pss/4106301http://wapedia.mobi/en/Uniform_Crime_Reports Annex III: Disclaimer 1417320274955 Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7a/UCR_versus_NCVS.PNGAuto Theft -44450-11049070358004767580Analyst: Mike GallagherClass: Law Enforcement IntelligenceDate: 18 December 2009Contact Information:Mgalla22@mercyhurst.edu(301) 537-5198www.mciismgallagher.comMCIIS Undergraduate Class of 2012