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A Baseline History of
Gwinnett County
Button Gwinnett Day
April 13, 2011
Michael Gagnon, PhD
Gwinnett’s Best Known Landmarks
Button Gwinnett
• Born in England in 1735
• Married in 1757
• Had 3 Children, all girls
• Came to Georgia in 1765
Button Gwinnett
• Fails in Business several
times. Petty Merchant
• Good Politician. Elected to
Colonial Legislature
• Ele...
Button Gwinnett
• Disagrees with leader
of Elite Revolutionary
Members in Georgia
• Elite see him as
beneath them, but he
...
Button Gwinnett
• Dismisses soldiers loyal
to Lachlan McIntosh’s
party
• Challenged to duel by
McIntosh, May 16, 1777.
• B...
1926 fantasy
of what the
duel may
have looked
like
1975 fantasy sketch of the duel
Gwinnett County Basics
• Founded in 1817 from land deeded from treaty with
Creek Indians.
• Legal foundation of Cherokee R...
Gwinnett Population
to 1960
4589
13289
10804
11257
12940
12431
19531
19899
25585
28824
30327
27853
29087
32320
43541
0
500...
The Trail of Tears
Began in Lawrenceville
• Clayton Street is
named for the judge
who presided over all
the original court...
Gwinnett Population
to 1960
4589
13289
10804
11257
12940
12431
19531
19899
25585
28824
30327
27853
29087
32320
43541
0
500...
The Civil War
Largely Avoids
Gwinnett
County as a
battlefield
Gwinnett County
Gwinnett Population
to 1960
4589
13289
10804
11257
12940
12431
19531
19899
25585
28824
30327
27853
29087
32320
43541
0
500...
The Boll Weevil
Gwinnett Population
since 1950
32320 43541
72349
166903
352910
588448
805321
0
100000
200000
300000
400000
500000
600000
7...
Growing Gwinnett County!!
Population Growth Rates
34.72%
66.16%
130.69%
111.45%
66.74%
36.86%
-40.0%
-20.0%
0.0%
20.0%
40.0%
60.0%
80.0%
100.0%
120....
Population Density
1920-1960
68.9
63.3
66.6
74.7
99.9
0.0
20.0
40.0
60.0
80.0
100.0
120.0
140.0
1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
G...
Population Density
1970-2010
165.6
383.7
815.2
1359.9
1851.3
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
1970 1980 199...
Slavery in Gwinnett
43.9%
11.7%
42.1%
17.5%
40.6%
20.7%
42.1%
20.4%
43.7%
19.7%
0.0%
10.0%
20.0%
30.0%
40.0%
50.0%
60.0%
7...
Race in Gwinnett
0.0%
20.0%
40.0%
60.0%
80.0%
100.0%
120.0% 1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
19...
Gender Ratio
Number of Men per 1000 Women
Native Georgians in Gwinnett
90.47%
81.30%
73.90%
70.95%
64.52%
57.85%
93.16%
90.90%
79.30%
59.36%
45.04%
37.31%
0.00%
10....
Foreign Born in Gwinnett
0.00%
2.00%
4.00%
6.00%
8.00%
10.00%
12.00%
14.00%
16.00%
18.00%
Georgia
Gwinnett
Hispanics in Gwinnett
0%
1%
2%
11%
20%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
1940 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Georgia
Gwinnett
Farming in Gwinnett
Hay Family Farm in Gwinnett in 1890s
Number of Georgia Farms
0
50000
100000
150000
200000
250000
300000
350000
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 194...
Number of Gwinnett Farms
1036
822
938
2498
2743
3442
4410
4460
3925
3309
3104
1345
449
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500...
Average Improved Acres per Farm
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 ...
Conclusions
• Gwinnett is currently the second most
populous county in the state
• Gwinnett was a somewhat typical rural c...
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Button Gwinnett Day Presentation 2011

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History of Button Gwinnett as well as statistical basis of Gwinnett County (GA) growth 1817-2000.

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Transcript of "Button Gwinnett Day Presentation 2011"

  1. 1. A Baseline History of Gwinnett County Button Gwinnett Day April 13, 2011 Michael Gagnon, PhD
  2. 2. Gwinnett’s Best Known Landmarks
  3. 3. Button Gwinnett • Born in England in 1735 • Married in 1757 • Had 3 Children, all girls • Came to Georgia in 1765
  4. 4. Button Gwinnett • Fails in Business several times. Petty Merchant • Good Politician. Elected to Colonial Legislature • Elected President of Georgia Committee of Safety • Champion of Non-elite. Gets elected Commander of Georgia’s Militia but resigns • Goes to Continental Congress instead, and signs Declaration of Independence
  5. 5. Button Gwinnett • Disagrees with leader of Elite Revolutionary Members in Georgia • Elite see him as beneath them, but he irritates them
  6. 6. Button Gwinnett • Dismisses soldiers loyal to Lachlan McIntosh’s party • Challenged to duel by McIntosh, May 16, 1777. • Both men wounded but Gwinnett dies three days later. McIntosh leaves Georgia as an assistant to George Washington Lachlan McIntosh
  7. 7. 1926 fantasy of what the duel may have looked like
  8. 8. 1975 fantasy sketch of the duel
  9. 9. Gwinnett County Basics • Founded in 1817 from land deeded from treaty with Creek Indians. • Legal foundation of Cherokee Removal took place in Lawrenceville in early 1830s • Largely typical rural county until 1960 • Construction of I-85 in early 1960s increased growth of county • 1970s White Flight from Atlanta made Gwinnett really take off • 1990s Gwinnett became ethnically diverse • In 2010, Gwinnett 2nd most populous county in state
  10. 10. Gwinnett Population to 1960 4589 13289 10804 11257 12940 12431 19531 19899 25585 28824 30327 27853 29087 32320 43541 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
  11. 11. The Trail of Tears Began in Lawrenceville • Clayton Street is named for the judge who presided over all the original court cases that ultimately led to the removal of the Cherokee from Georgia in 1830s
  12. 12. Gwinnett Population to 1960 4589 13289 10804 11257 12940 12431 19531 19899 25585 28824 30327 27853 29087 32320 43541 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
  13. 13. The Civil War Largely Avoids Gwinnett County as a battlefield
  14. 14. Gwinnett County
  15. 15. Gwinnett Population to 1960 4589 13289 10804 11257 12940 12431 19531 19899 25585 28824 30327 27853 29087 32320 43541 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 50000 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
  16. 16. The Boll Weevil
  17. 17. Gwinnett Population since 1950 32320 43541 72349 166903 352910 588448 805321 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 800000 900000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
  18. 18. Growing Gwinnett County!!
  19. 19. Population Growth Rates 34.72% 66.16% 130.69% 111.45% 66.74% 36.86% -40.0% -20.0% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% 120.0% 140.0% 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Georgia Gwinnett
  20. 20. Population Density 1920-1960 68.9 63.3 66.6 74.7 99.9 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 Georgia Gwinnett Barrow Forsyth Hall Jackson Walton
  21. 21. Population Density 1970-2010 165.6 383.7 815.2 1359.9 1851.3 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Georgia Gwinnett Barrow Forsyth Hall Jackson Walton
  22. 22. Slavery in Gwinnett 43.9% 11.7% 42.1% 17.5% 40.6% 20.7% 42.1% 20.4% 43.7% 19.7% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 100.0% %White %Enslaved %Free Blacks
  23. 23. Race in Gwinnett 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% 100.0% 120.0% 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 % White % Black % Other
  24. 24. Gender Ratio Number of Men per 1000 Women
  25. 25. Native Georgians in Gwinnett 90.47% 81.30% 73.90% 70.95% 64.52% 57.85% 93.16% 90.90% 79.30% 59.36% 45.04% 37.31% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00% 90.00% 100.00% 1800 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Georgia Gwinnett
  26. 26. Foreign Born in Gwinnett 0.00% 2.00% 4.00% 6.00% 8.00% 10.00% 12.00% 14.00% 16.00% 18.00% Georgia Gwinnett
  27. 27. Hispanics in Gwinnett 0% 1% 2% 11% 20% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 1940 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Georgia Gwinnett
  28. 28. Farming in Gwinnett Hay Family Farm in Gwinnett in 1890s
  29. 29. Number of Georgia Farms 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
  30. 30. Number of Gwinnett Farms 1036 822 938 2498 2743 3442 4410 4460 3925 3309 3104 1345 449 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 5000 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Gwinnett
  31. 31. Average Improved Acres per Farm 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 Georgia Gwinnett
  32. 32. Conclusions • Gwinnett is currently the second most populous county in the state • Gwinnett was a somewhat typical rural county until about 1950 • The 1970s experienced the greatest growth rate, but the county continues with greater growth than the rest of the state • The 1990s started a real growth in diversity
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