Stoddard and Holmes


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Stoddard and Holmes

  1. 1. A Visit to Imperialist RelativesThe England Travelogues of John L.Stoddard and Burton Holmes
  2. 2. What is England?England as the past; the United States asland of the future
  3. 3. Travel in the 19thcenturySteam powered ships = faster and morefrequent voyagesReturns to Atlantic and Gulf ports fromabroad: 1820: 1,926 1849: 2,659 1860: 19,387Rising middle classGreater value placed on education
  4. 4. British Imperialismperiod of new popular approach toimperialism: “spectacle of empire” Popular literature: Kipling, H. Rider HaggardIn a context of: Increased nationalism in the 19thcentury Social Darwinism: emphasizing Anglo-Saxonracial link, English as relatives, increasedmarriages in late 19thcentury between newAmerican money and old British aristocracy
  5. 5. Anglo-American RelationshipIndustrial concerns/urbanization in U.S.Power shifts from Britain to U.S.American imperialism Spanish-American War 1904: Roosevelt Corollary to the MonroeDoctrine, asserting U.S. right to intervene inWestern Hemisphere – but NOT Europeanpowers
  6. 6. John L. Stoddard(1850-1931)Father was a Bostonstockbroker and privatebankerLectured to an elite,cosmopolitan clientele
  7. 7. Stoddard and Old England
  8. 8. Stoddard and Old EnglandFour Wheeler Carriage: “Have any new four-wheelers beenmanufactured during the last twenty years?”The London Underground: “few metropolitan means of conveyance are sodisagreeable. The smell of smoke, the oily,humid atmosphere of coal gas, the single jet offog-dimmed light in the roof of the railwaycarriage…”
  9. 9. Stoddard and Literary EnglandThe East End, where “few tourists care to go unless on errands ofphilanthropy or in the study of sociology”Dickens: “nothing worse could be said of the slums ofLondon than is found in the pathetic pages ofCharles Dickens.”
  10. 10. Stoddard and Literary England
  11. 11. Stoddard: Anglo-American RelationshipAnglo-Saxon democracy as organic,scientific: “In the political evolution of the Anglo-Saxon…there has been no serious retrogression in theevolution of democracy.” “Since the separation of mother and child, in1776, Great Britain has been developing thedemocratic idea almost as rapidly as the UnitedStates.”
  12. 12. Stoddard: England is the PastWestminster Abbey graves
  13. 13. Burton Holmes (1870-1958)First trip abroad withgrandmotherFirst met Stoddard in Italywhile watching aperformance of the PassionPlayFirst lecture: fundraiser forthe Chicago Camera Club in1897In later career, work becamea brand of its own
  14. 14. Coined term “travelogue” to describe hisillustrated lecturesFilm shorts Sound Color As prologue to motion pictures
  15. 15. Holmes and the Old WorldAffinity for things of the New World raw nature over the constructed city = responseto industrialization, loss of the individual inurban environments, the loss of Americanindividual spiritFocus on pre-WWII travelogues, WWII aschanging the landscape, later productionscreated by his company and ThayerSoules
  16. 16. Holmes and the Old WorldBeauty and heritage, but an absence ofthe presentKenilworth Castle: “is the haunt of the traveler, but it is the home ofno man.” Quotes Sir Walter: “Of this lordly palace, whereprinces feasted and heroes fought, now in thebloody earnest of storm and siege, and not inthe games of chivalry, all is now desolate”
  17. 17. Holmes and HumorGreater detail, more cavalier thanStoddardThe monotony of the English boiledpotato: How about “German fried, mashed, Frenchfried, saute, hashed brown, stewed in cream,hashed au gratin, Lyonnaise, souffle, rissole, oreven in the form of crisp Saratoga chips.”
  18. 18. Holmes and Literary EnglandWilliam Wordsworth’s home in Grasmerein the Lakes District: “Oh, the gentle country, the kind green country,how it purrs at you as it lies there basking in thetepid sun! It has no harm in it – it would neverdo you ill, this tamed and fattened England.”
  19. 19. What is England? The countryside: quaint, historic The city (London): avoiding praise for themodern, urban, industrial Little on gender The past, an old relative: emphasize England’sweaknesses, history, quaintness to emphasizeAmerica’s modernity and underplay the BritishEmpire U.S. as a younger nation: appreciate the Englishpast, but assert that the U.S. is not presentlyeclipsed by it