Lc Pp2


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Good vision connects you to the world

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Lc Pp2

  1. 1. Good vision connects you to the world LC
  2. 2. Quality of Life <ul><li>Eyes are a person’s most prized physical possession </li></ul><ul><li>They let us perceive the world around us </li></ul><ul><li>Eye care is extremely important to one’s sense of well-being </li></ul>
  3. 3. SIGHT IS PRECIOUS Your sight connects you to your friends Your family And the world around you
  4. 4. Vision Abnormalities <ul><li>Vision changes should never be ignored </li></ul><ul><li>LENSCRAFTERS recommends consulting your eye Doctor if you experience: </li></ul><ul><li>Any change in vision </li></ul><ul><li>Blurriness or blind spots </li></ul><ul><li>Vision dimness or halos around lights </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vision screening & 20/20 sight <ul><li>Doesn’t tell us if you or your child: </li></ul><ul><li>See clearly all day long </li></ul><ul><li>Focus between a book and a blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>See single not double </li></ul><ul><li>Read without getting a headache </li></ul><ul><li>Has healthy eyes </li></ul>
  6. 6. SIGHT VS VISION <ul><li>Sight is the simple response to light & brightness </li></ul><ul><li>Vision is a sensory, motor, perceptual process </li></ul><ul><li>Vision is the ability to identify, interpret, and understand what is seen </li></ul>
  7. 7. Visual Acuity <ul><li>What does 20/20 and 20/200 mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Top number denotes a test distance of 20 feet </li></ul><ul><li>The bottom is the distance a person with 20/20 vision can read the letter </li></ul><ul><li>20/200 sees at 20 feet what a person with normal acuity sees at 200 feet. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vision Screening Limitations <ul><li>Screenings evaluate distance visual acuity NOT : </li></ul><ul><li>How eyes focus at near </li></ul><ul><li>How well eyes work together </li></ul><ul><li>General health of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer screeners have limited knowledge of vision and eye health </li></ul>
  9. 9. Comprehensive Exams <ul><li>For infants at 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>For ages 2 to 5 years at 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>For ages 6 to 18 every year </li></ul><ul><li>For ages 18 to 60 every 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>For ages 61+ every year </li></ul>
  10. 10. Infants key to the world is vision Vision is your child’s first contact with their world and plays a vital role in all they learn throughout their entire lives LC LensCrafters We are there for you
  11. 11. Infant Vision <ul><li>Babies learn to see over time like walking </li></ul><ul><li>Their eyes are uncoordinated and wonder </li></ul><ul><li>They can only focus 8 inches away </li></ul><ul><li>Newborns only see in black and white </li></ul><ul><li>Depth perception appears at 5 months </li></ul><ul><li>Babies develop from head down </li></ul><ul><li>Eyesize starts at 65% of adult </li></ul>
  12. 12. What you can do for infants <ul><li>Use night light </li></ul><ul><li>Change position of crib and infant in it </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate sides with each feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Keep reach and touch toys within focus range </li></ul><ul><li>Mothers keep same hair style for recognition </li></ul>
  13. 13. Infant Vision Development <ul><li>Infants start to see color during 1 st month </li></ul><ul><li>They start to follow moving objects 2-3 mo. </li></ul><ul><li>Visual acuity improves from 20/400 at birth to20/25 at about 6 mo. </li></ul><ul><li>At 6 – 12 mo hand eye coordination improves </li></ul><ul><li>Depth perception, eye teaming and body eye coordination are quite good by 10-12 mo. </li></ul><ul><li>Eye color changes from blue to adult color. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Infant eye alignment problems <ul><li>Preemies can have retinopathy of prematurity </li></ul><ul><li>See pediatric ophthalmologist to be sure </li></ul><ul><li>Strabismus or misalignment becomes lazy eye </li></ul><ul><li>Nystagmus results from congenital cataracts </li></ul><ul><li>AOA member ophthalmologists offer a </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive eye exam at NO COST </li></ul><ul><li>InfantSEE available for first year of life </li></ul>$
  15. 15. Childrens Vision <ul><li>Comprehensive eye exams are recommended </li></ul><ul><li>Every year from 6 to 18 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>10% of preschoolers and 25% of children from grade K thru 6 have vision deficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>School is more difficult if you can’t see </li></ul><ul><li>Games are not fun if you can’t see </li></ul>
  16. 16. Childrens’ Vision <ul><li>What to look for: </li></ul><ul><li>Holding books unusually close to read </li></ul><ul><li>Loosing their place often while reading </li></ul><ul><li>Squinting or frequent eye rubbing </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches, tearing, or closing one eye to read </li></ul><ul><li>Low grades and avoiding close vision activities </li></ul>
  17. 17. Childrens’ Vision <ul><li>Almost 80% of what your child learns is visual </li></ul><ul><li>The state of the eyes encompasses: </li></ul><ul><li>Eye health, visual acuity and refractive error </li></ul><ul><li>The functioning of the eyes encompasses: </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing, eye tandem, and movement </li></ul><ul><li>Visual perception, hand-eye coordination and visual memory </li></ul>
  18. 18. Children's vision skills <ul><li>Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension Visual perception </li></ul><ul><li>Retention skills </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in vision can occur without notice </li></ul><ul><li>Underperformance in school or sports can be </li></ul><ul><li>A sign of vision changes </li></ul>
  19. 19. Childrens’ Vision and computers <ul><li>25-30% of computer using children require corrective eyewear to work safely </li></ul><ul><li>The computer demands fine motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Children have limited self-awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Children are very adaptable </li></ul><ul><li>Children are smaller than adults </li></ul>
  20. 20. Young adults eye health <ul><li>Most common problems are stress and injury </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Eat healthy Wear sunglasses outside </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t smoke Get regular eye exams </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul>
  21. 21. Vision over Forty <ul><li>Presbyopia affects most of us as we age </li></ul><ul><li>The most at risk are: </li></ul><ul><li>Those with Diabetes or high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Family history of macular degeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul>
  22. 22. Vision over Forty High stress jobs are visually taxing Many medications have ocular side effects High cholesterol, thyroid conditions Anxiety and depression
  23. 23. Vision changes over forty <ul><li>Retina becomes less sensitive to light </li></ul><ul><li>The eye’s lens becomes less elastic </li></ul><ul><li>Eye’s lens may become cloudy </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes become drier </li></ul><ul><li>Vision may be populated with bright points of light, blurred images or dull colors </li></ul>
  24. 24. Signs to watch for <ul><li>Fluctuating vision </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing floaters and flashes </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of peripheral vision </li></ul><ul><li>Seeing distorted images </li></ul><ul><li>Could be signs of </li></ul><ul><li>Retinal detachment </li></ul><ul><li>Glaucoma </li></ul><ul><li>Age related macular degeneration </li></ul>
  25. 25. Vision over sixty Vision changes are now permanent Get yearly eye exams to detect disease early Driving requires extra caution to stay safe Limit driving to daylight and use extra caution Take a driving course for seniors Avoid wide frames which can block side vision
  26. 26. Vision over sixty <ul><li>Most common causes of low vision are: </li></ul><ul><li>AMD, glaucoma, retinal detachment, stroke </li></ul><ul><li>250,000 new cases each year </li></ul><ul><li>Because population aging prevalence and incidence will double over next 2 decades </li></ul>
  27. 27. Vision over sixty Age related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Major cause of blindness in 60+ group Affecting 30% of all people 75+ years of age Smoking doubles risk of AMD Increase in consumption of omega 3 significantly reduced AMD prevalence
  28. 28. Vision over sixty <ul><li>Over 4 million Americans have low vision </li></ul><ul><li>68% of them are over 60 </li></ul><ul><li>Low vision is impaired vision which can’t be fully restores through lenses or surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Can be due to heredity, injury, disease or age </li></ul>
  29. 29. LensCrafters For a lifetime of healthy eyes and Good vision to connect you to your world LC