Roman Painting

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Revision on Roman Painting, including the four Pompeian styles and mosaic.

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Roman Painting

  1. 1. Roman Painting Revision
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>It is the heir of Greek painting </li></ul><ul><li>Finality: decorate houses and palaces </li></ul><ul><li>It is mainly wall painting </li></ul><ul><li>The artisan was considered as a craftsman and the painter on wood had a higher prestige than the wall painter. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>There were two kinds of painting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On wall: it is fresco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On wood: it is temple </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It has a wide range of colours: black, while, red, yellow and sometimes blue, purple, green </li></ul><ul><li>Colours were mixed with water and sometimes with glue </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes perspective was used. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Themes <ul><li>Any kind of subject was depicted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mythology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comical </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom of costumes made possible the depiction of nudes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Places <ul><li>The only painting known is wall painting </li></ul><ul><li>Four styles have been identified </li></ul><ul><li>It was found in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pompeii </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herculaneum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stabia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palatino </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mosaics where found in villas in different places, being specially rich the South of Italy and Sicily. </li></ul>
  6. 6. First Style <ul><li>Incrustations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid 2nd century to early 1st century BC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It imitated the marble decoration of the Hellenistic period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is colourful and of sumptuous aspect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The wall is divided in three parts: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basis, imitating granite </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Middle, imitating marble </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cornice, ended in stucco </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Second Style <ul><li>Architectonical: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st century BC (Cesar’s times) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It imitates architectures, including perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is frequent the depiction of windows from where buildings can be seen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It tends to dissolve the wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a Roman style </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Third Style <ul><li>Mixed or Ornamental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Until mid 1st century AD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a mix of the former two styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is characterized by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Light ornamental elements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fantastic building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Friezes with children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stylised vegetables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mythological scenes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is full of intense colours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More common in Rome than in Pompeii. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. Fourth Style <ul><li>Illusionist or Stenographic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It lasted until the end of 1st century AD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It took elements from second and third styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is more complicate, with mythological and historical scenes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is very recharged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curtains are common </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape is depicted </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Easel Painting <ul><li>Subjects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portrait </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The best examples are the funerary portraits of El Fayum </li></ul>
  11. 16. Mosaic <ul><li>It was common decorating the floors of domus and villas </li></ul><ul><li>The technique consisted of combining small pieces of glass or stones called tesella </li></ul><ul><li>There were others in which bigger and irregular pieces of stone were used. </li></ul><ul><li>Motives are varied, the same as </li></ul><ul><li>in painting and they normally </li></ul><ul><li>depict scenes related to the room </li></ul><ul><li>they were made for. </li></ul>

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