Renaissance sculpture

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New version of Renaissance but in a separate section and including images.

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Renaissance sculpture

  1. 1. Renaissance Sculpture Revision
  2. 2. Renaissance Sculpture • The discovery of the nature and the human body were more important than the imitation of Antiquity. • The polychromes, the gilding and the various techniques employed emphasize the pictorial quality of the works. • An innovation was that the artist was no longer content to be a mere craftsman, but he had the mission of adorn. • Sculpture and painting are going to be together many times. • Projects were important in cities such as Florence were competitions were hold when they had to command an important work, as in the case of the Doors of the Baptistery.
  3. 3. Renaissance Sculpture • During the Quattrocento there is an intention to define an idealized, perfect bur naturalistic representation of the human body. • The novelty is the concept of beauty embodied by youth, whereas the gerontocracy in power strove to relegate the young and adolescent to the sidelines of social life. • The sculptures have three characteristics: – Gothic tradition – Renewal of Antiquity – Resource to the single point of view that underlines frontality.
  4. 4. Renaissance Sculpture • Tomb sculpture. – The wall tomb was the favourite framework used by the Renaissance sculpture. – The backed tombs were contaminated by the successive forms taken by altarpieces: the recess was surrounded by statuette aligned vertically on the pilasters. – Artists adopted a tripartite structure, contrasting the central arcade, which emphasized the image of the deceased with lateral niches containing statues of saints or virtues. – The development of the representation of the dead denoted a new conception of the portrait. Depiction of faces was often dictated by the concept of the ideal
  5. 5. Renaissance Sculpture • Tomb sculpture. – The wall tomb was the favourite framework used by the Renaissance sculpture. – The backed tombs were contaminated by the successive forms taken by altarpieces: the recess was surrounded by statuette aligned vertically on the pilasters. – Artists adopted a tripartite structure, contrasting the central arcade, which emphasized the image of the deceased with lateral niches containing statues of saints or virtues. – The development of the representation of the dead denoted a new conception of the portrait. Depiction of faces was often dictated by the concept of the ideal
  6. 6. Renaissance Sculpture • The portrait – The art of medallist developed – They tended to specify and define the natural features of an individual, with attention to physiognomy and its psychological bearing, and without forgetting the course of the time. – Female portraits implied a searching focus on the beauty of woman, and inspired the artist to a celebration of beauty, with a softer and more tender treatment.
  7. 7. Renaissance Sculpture • Nude – There is a predominance of male nudes. They follow the Gothic tradition. – Female nudes appear in small bronze statues, imitating the antique statuary. – Male nude kept the workshops especially busy. – Some of the models are those made by Michelangelo: Bacchus and, later on, David.
  8. 8. Renaissance Sculpture • Mannerism – Works oscillated between the fantastic and the maniera (following the example of Michelangelo) – Sometimes the ideal took preference – Powerful images opposed to elongated weightless ones – Undulating spirals animated groups and twisted sinuous bodies – Exaggerated expression to the point of morbidity and the bizarre was preferred – Instead of being a sign of decadence, the diversity shows an art in search of itself.
  9. 9. Renaissance Sculpture • Materials and technique – Bronze substituted other precious materials. It was casted and finished by chisel. At the beginning it was not highly polished – Extensive use of marble and fine calcareous stones – Details of images are sometimes gilded – Backgrounds can be coloured
  10. 10. Renaissance Sculpture • Authors and examples: – Ghiberti: Doors of the Baptistery in Florence (East Doors and Paradise Doors)
  11. 11. Renaissance Sculpture Donatello: David, Condottiero Gattamelata
  12. 12. Renaissance Sculpture – Michelangelo: (Terribilita) Pieties, David, Medici’s Tombs
  13. 13. Renaissance Sculpture
  14. 14. Renaissance Sculpture
  15. 15. Renaissance Sculpture • Mannerism: – Materials: stucco, a mix of plaster, lime and sometimes powdered marble is well suited for modelling. – The search for effect was often concentrate on polychrome sculpture. – Fountains appear combining sculpture with the effects of water. – In tombs marble and bronze are the main materials. – Artists were itinerant, attracted by rulers to their courts.
  16. 16. Renaissance Sculpture – Mannerism: • Cellini: Perseus
  17. 17. Renaissance Sculpture • Berruguete: Toledo’s Choir stalls
  18. 18. Renaissance Sculpture • Leoni: Charles V’s portraits

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