Realism revision (new)

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New materials for revising Realism art. They include images.

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Realism revision (new)

  1. 1. RealismRealism Revision
  2. 2. Characteristics of the PeriodCharacteristics of the Period • During the second half of 19th century the positivism was dominant • It was an age of faith in knowledge derived from science • The scientific method was used to solve all human problems.
  3. 3. Visual ArtsVisual Arts • The subjectivism and imagination of Romanticism are rejected • They want an accurate description of the objects • Science and the development of photography influenced into academic art • They tend to represent contemporary life instead of imitating past models
  4. 4. Visual ArtsVisual Arts • Ordinary people and everyday activities became subjects of Art • Realists tend to portray the lives, appearances, problems, customs and mores of the middle and lower classes • They did these depictions of the unexceptional, ordinary, humble and unadorned • They represented ignored aspects such as mental attitudes, physical settings and material conditions.
  5. 5. ChronologyChronology • In France they appeared after the 1848 revolution – They expressed a taste for democracy • In England they appeared at the same time – It was a reaction against Victorian materialism – They reacted against the conventions of the Royal Academy in London
  6. 6. ArtistsArtists • The Realists – There is an international group centred in Paris – They focused on: • Scientific concepts of vision • Study of optical effects – They expressed: • Taste for democracy • Rejection of the old artistic tradition
  7. 7. ArtistsArtists – They felt that painters should work from the life around them – Desecrated rules of artistic propriety with their new realistic portrayals of modern life – Artists: • Courbet: The Artist’s Workshop • Daumier: Caricatures • Millet: Angelus
  8. 8. ArtistsArtists • Barbizon School: – Landscape artists formed outside the Academy – Named after the forest of Fontebleau in near Barbizon where they worked – They attempted to paint nature directly – The pioneer of this movement is Constable, with a faithful depiction of nature
  9. 9. ArtistsArtists – Landscape compositions were painted outdoors – The second phase was marked by the interest in Middle Ages – Subject matters were from medieval tales, bible stories, classical mythology, and nature – With technique of bright colours on a white background, they achieved great depth and brilliance – Artists: Millais, Burne-Jones, Waterhouse
  10. 10. T. Rousseau Daubigny Dupré
  11. 11. CourbetCourbet • He depicted the characters as they appeared in front of him, without any idealization • He represented any subject: customs of a town or people from the bourgeoisie • He disliked bourgeois people • Burial at Ornans, The Artist’s Studio, The Stonecutters, Good Morning Mister Courbet
  12. 12. MilletMillet • He worked with the landscape painters of the Barbizone school • He depicted the way of living of working class people • He portrayed poor people in an attempt to criticize their situation • He underlined the spirituality of the characters • Angelus, The Gleaners
  13. 13. DaumierDaumier • He worked as a cartoonist and press-drawer • His style was schematic • He reported poverty • He showed the harsh living condition of poor classes and the corruption of the powerful people • Laundress, Crispin and Escarpin
  14. 14. CorotCorot • Eminent landscapist • He painted in nature • Accurate depiction of light and colour • Pre-impressionist • View of Chartres Cathedral
  15. 15. SculptureSculpture • There was an eclectic trend • Meunier depicted workers • His works were made of bronze • In his works characters appear portrayed as heroes.

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