Organicism and Architecture in the 50´s


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Revision on Organicist architecture: Wright and Aalto.

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Organicism and Architecture in the 50´s

  1. 1. Organicism and architecture in the 50s Revision
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>We know as organic architecture all the architectonical manifestations that aim at adequate and ally to the n a t u re. </li></ul><ul><li>This idea can be found long ago in History but the master in the formulation of its principles was Frank Lloyd Wright. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics <ul><li>Organicist architecture is defined by : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the sense of the interior as a reality; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the free plan as flexible and a way of allowing the continuity of atmospheres; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the unity between interior and exterior; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the use of natural materials; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the house as a place for shelter. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Wright: Influences <ul><li>This American born architect received several influences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He travelled to Tokyo where he was fascinated by the Japanese architecture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other of the influences that can be noticed in his work is that of Maya temples of Yucatan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to these varied influenced we can say that Wright had a cosmopolitan formation. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Wright: Evolution <ul><li>His beginnings are associated to the Chicago School but soon he started developing his own style, in which we can distinguish different periods : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early years: influenced by Chicago School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prairie Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skyscrapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract sculptural ornamentation </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wright: Work <ul><li>Caracteristics of Prairie Style: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>simple structures consist of functional spaces, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>light and integrated with nature, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>at the same time that they are isolated enough as to guarantee the intimacy of their inhabitants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>t he houses are frequently built in different levels, and always a bit separated from the floor, as in Japanese architecture. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the most famous houses is the Robbie House </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wright: Work <ul><li>He continued developing public and private buildings where he continued applying his building philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>R epresentative work : Falling Water House, in Pennsylvania : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He managed to integrate completely nature and architecture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The different terraces offer the possibility of building in different levels and glass dissolve the walls so interior and exterior and in permanent relation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He used different kind of materials, with an important role of stone that combine with glass and concrete </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In other project Wright experimented with curve forms, as in the New York Guggenheim Museum : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He wanted the museum to have well lighted spaces with controlled light that was not reflected in the surfaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the same time, he designed the building to offer a possibility of walking up on a ramp in a continuous way, without any braking element for the exhibition of the works of art </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Alvar Aalto <ul><li>One of the most representative architects of the 50s is the Finnish Alvar Aalto. </li></ul><ul><li>His works are characterised by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>imbued by rationalist spirit but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mixed of popular tradition and local materials, mainly wood, so common in his native region. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Alvar Aalto <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His buildings are warm and thought to be appropriate for human beings and the dimension of human body, something in which Wright influence can be noticed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aalto’s mature work embodies a unique functionalist/expressionist and human style, successfully applied to libraries, civic centres, churches, and housing. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Alvar Aalto <ul><li>Although Aalto borrowed from the International Style, he utilized texture, colour and structure in creative new ways. </li></ul><ul><li>He refined the generic examples of modern architecture that existed in most of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>His designs were particularly significant because of their response to site, material and form </li></ul>