Organicism and Architecture in the 50´s
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Organicism and Architecture in the 50´s

  • 4,566 views
Uploaded on

Revision on Organicist architecture: Wright and Aalto.

Revision on Organicist architecture: Wright and Aalto.

More in: Education , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
4,566
On Slideshare
4,550
From Embeds
16
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
139
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 16

http://www.slideshare.net 15
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Organicism and architecture in the 50s Revision
  • 2. Introduction
    • We know as organic architecture all the architectonical manifestations that aim at adequate and ally to the n a t u re.
    • This idea can be found long ago in History but the master in the formulation of its principles was Frank Lloyd Wright.
  • 3. Characteristics
    • Organicist architecture is defined by :
      • the sense of the interior as a reality;
      • the free plan as flexible and a way of allowing the continuity of atmospheres;
      • the unity between interior and exterior;
      • the use of natural materials;
      • the house as a place for shelter.
  • 4. Wright: Influences
    • This American born architect received several influences:
      • He travelled to Tokyo where he was fascinated by the Japanese architecture.
      • Other of the influences that can be noticed in his work is that of Maya temples of Yucatan.
      • Due to these varied influenced we can say that Wright had a cosmopolitan formation.
  • 5. Wright: Evolution
    • His beginnings are associated to the Chicago School but soon he started developing his own style, in which we can distinguish different periods :
      • Early years: influenced by Chicago School
      • Prairie Style
      • Skyscrapers
      • Abstract sculptural ornamentation
  • 6. Wright: Work
    • Caracteristics of Prairie Style:
      • simple structures consist of functional spaces,
      • light and integrated with nature,
      • at the same time that they are isolated enough as to guarantee the intimacy of their inhabitants
      • t he houses are frequently built in different levels, and always a bit separated from the floor, as in Japanese architecture.
    • One of the most famous houses is the Robbie House
  • 7. Wright: Work
    • He continued developing public and private buildings where he continued applying his building philosophy.
    • R epresentative work : Falling Water House, in Pennsylvania :
      • He managed to integrate completely nature and architecture.
      • The different terraces offer the possibility of building in different levels and glass dissolve the walls so interior and exterior and in permanent relation.
      • He used different kind of materials, with an important role of stone that combine with glass and concrete
    • In other project Wright experimented with curve forms, as in the New York Guggenheim Museum :
      • He wanted the museum to have well lighted spaces with controlled light that was not reflected in the surfaces.
      • At the same time, he designed the building to offer a possibility of walking up on a ramp in a continuous way, without any braking element for the exhibition of the works of art
  • 8. Alvar Aalto
    • One of the most representative architects of the 50s is the Finnish Alvar Aalto.
    • His works are characterised by
      • imbued by rationalist spirit but
      • mixed of popular tradition and local materials, mainly wood, so common in his native region.
  • 9. Alvar Aalto
    • Characteristics:
      • His buildings are warm and thought to be appropriate for human beings and the dimension of human body, something in which Wright influence can be noticed.
      • Aalto’s mature work embodies a unique functionalist/expressionist and human style, successfully applied to libraries, civic centres, churches, and housing.
  • 10. Alvar Aalto
    • Although Aalto borrowed from the International Style, he utilized texture, colour and structure in creative new ways.
    • He refined the generic examples of modern architecture that existed in most of Europe.
    • His designs were particularly significant because of their response to site, material and form