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Organicism and Architecture in the 50´s

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Revision on Organicist architecture: Wright and Aalto.

Revision on Organicist architecture: Wright and Aalto.

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  • 1. Organicism and architecture in the 50s Revision
  • 2. Introduction
    • We know as organic architecture all the architectonical manifestations that aim at adequate and ally to the n a t u re.
    • This idea can be found long ago in History but the master in the formulation of its principles was Frank Lloyd Wright.
  • 3. Characteristics
    • Organicist architecture is defined by :
      • the sense of the interior as a reality;
      • the free plan as flexible and a way of allowing the continuity of atmospheres;
      • the unity between interior and exterior;
      • the use of natural materials;
      • the house as a place for shelter.
  • 4. Wright: Influences
    • This American born architect received several influences:
      • He travelled to Tokyo where he was fascinated by the Japanese architecture.
      • Other of the influences that can be noticed in his work is that of Maya temples of Yucatan.
      • Due to these varied influenced we can say that Wright had a cosmopolitan formation.
  • 5. Wright: Evolution
    • His beginnings are associated to the Chicago School but soon he started developing his own style, in which we can distinguish different periods :
      • Early years: influenced by Chicago School
      • Prairie Style
      • Skyscrapers
      • Abstract sculptural ornamentation
  • 6. Wright: Work
    • Caracteristics of Prairie Style:
      • simple structures consist of functional spaces,
      • light and integrated with nature,
      • at the same time that they are isolated enough as to guarantee the intimacy of their inhabitants
      • t he houses are frequently built in different levels, and always a bit separated from the floor, as in Japanese architecture.
    • One of the most famous houses is the Robbie House
  • 7. Wright: Work
    • He continued developing public and private buildings where he continued applying his building philosophy.
    • R epresentative work : Falling Water House, in Pennsylvania :
      • He managed to integrate completely nature and architecture.
      • The different terraces offer the possibility of building in different levels and glass dissolve the walls so interior and exterior and in permanent relation.
      • He used different kind of materials, with an important role of stone that combine with glass and concrete
    • In other project Wright experimented with curve forms, as in the New York Guggenheim Museum :
      • He wanted the museum to have well lighted spaces with controlled light that was not reflected in the surfaces.
      • At the same time, he designed the building to offer a possibility of walking up on a ramp in a continuous way, without any braking element for the exhibition of the works of art
  • 8. Alvar Aalto
    • One of the most representative architects of the 50s is the Finnish Alvar Aalto.
    • His works are characterised by
      • imbued by rationalist spirit but
      • mixed of popular tradition and local materials, mainly wood, so common in his native region.
  • 9. Alvar Aalto
    • Characteristics:
      • His buildings are warm and thought to be appropriate for human beings and the dimension of human body, something in which Wright influence can be noticed.
      • Aalto’s mature work embodies a unique functionalist/expressionist and human style, successfully applied to libraries, civic centres, churches, and housing.
  • 10. Alvar Aalto
    • Although Aalto borrowed from the International Style, he utilized texture, colour and structure in creative new ways.
    • He refined the generic examples of modern architecture that existed in most of Europe.
    • His designs were particularly significant because of their response to site, material and form