Last Trends in Art


Published on

Revision on last trends in Art, including Pop Art, Op Art, Kinetic Art, Graffiti, Land Art, Arte Povera and Minimalism.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Last Trends in Art

  1. 1. Last Trends in Art Revision
  2. 2. Movements <ul><li>From mid century and on several Art movements appeared, among them: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Op-Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kinetic Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graffiti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arte Povera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimalism </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Pop Art <ul><li>It is a passive conception of the social reality. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not express the creativity of the popular classes but their non-creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>The origin of the movement is in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rauschenberg and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jasper Johns, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>who are considered as Neo-Dadaists. </li></ul><ul><li>Painting becomes again something that evokes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pop Art Rauschenberg Jasper Johns Christo Oldenburg
  5. 5. Pop Art <ul><li>The mere fact of taking a real object and to put it in the painting is an instinctive manipulation of reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Given that it is a urban art the images end capsized in the painting, unite to the matter or giving a phantom appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>These artists, the same as the Dadaists before, take elements from the reality and incorporate them to the work of art. </li></ul><ul><li>We can find glued elements or photos mix with the painting. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pop Art <ul><li>The language is that of the publicity, very easy to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most famous representatives of the movement is Warhol, to whom we can add </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rosenquists, with his elements taken of daily life; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom Wesselman, who incorporates other elements so that we can find ourselves in front of installations; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roy Lichtenstein, who portrays the world as in a comic; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claes Oldenburg, who makes enormous sculptures of daily use objects; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christo, famous because his wrappings of buildings or natural elements and his installations. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Pop Art Lichtenstein Rosenquist Wesselman
  8. 8. Op Art <ul><li>Optical Art was born in the 1950’s. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a method of painting concerning the interaction between illusion and picture plane, between understanding and seeing. </li></ul><ul><li>Op art is a perceptual experience related to how vision functions. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a dynamic visual art, stemming from a discordant figure-ground relationship that causes the two planes to be in a tense and contradictory juxtaposition. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Op Art <ul><li>Op Art is created in two primary ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first, and best known method, is the creation of effects through the use of pattern and line. Often these paintings are black and white, or otherwise grisaille. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The works are based on the repetition of some elements, mainly lineal, or simple geometric forms and through the colour give to them the appearance of having a third dimension or of being in movement. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the most famous artist related to this movement is Vasarely. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Op Art Vasarely
  11. 11. Kinetic Art <ul><li>Kinetic art is art that contains moving parts or depends on motion for its effect. </li></ul><ul><li>The moving parts are generally powered by wind, a motor or the observer. </li></ul><ul><li>The term kinetic sculpture refers to a class of art made primarily from the late 1950s through 1960s. Kinetic art was first recorded by the sculptors Gabo and Pevsner. </li></ul><ul><li>The American Alexander Calder invented the mobile, consisting of a delicately balanced wire armature from which sculptural elements are suspended. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Kinetic Art <ul><li>In common with other types of kinetic art, kinetic sculptures have parts that move or that are in motion. </li></ul><ul><li>The motion of the work can be provided in many ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mechanically through electricity, steam or clockwork; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by utilizing natural phenomena such as wind or wave power; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or by relying on the spectator to provide the motion, by doing something such as cranking a handle. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kinetic art encompasses a wide variety of overlapping techniques and styles. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Kinetic Art Calder Jesus Rafael Soto
  14. 14. Graffiti <ul><li>It began in the 1970’s. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a type of deliberate marking on property that can take the form of pictures, drawings, words or any decorations inscribed on any surface outside walls and sidewalks. </li></ul><ul><li>Even if graffiti have always existed, young New Yorkers belonging to the black and Puerto Rican communities started adopting tags (signatures made with aerosol sprays). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Graffiti <ul><li>The first modern identified tagged in New York was Taki, a Greek-American artist. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, the graphs also made their appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>These were real urban frescoes painted with spray-paint. </li></ul><ul><li>Futura 2000, Dust and Pink were recognised although their celebrity was limited to the hip-hop culture. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Graffiti <ul><li>Basquiat and Haring started to work in the street and the subway but their work was renowned and reputed. </li></ul><ul><li>They won instant critical acclaim and attracted the attention of influential art dealers. </li></ul><ul><li>The difference between tagging and graffiti is not clear: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tagging is gang-motivated and meant as vandalism or viewed as too vulgar or controversial to have public value, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>graffiti can be viewed as creative expression, whether charged with political meaning or not. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Grafitti Basquiat Keith Haring
  18. 18. Land Art <ul><li>It is an art movement which emerged in America in the late 1960 and early 1970s, in which landscape and the work of art are inextricably linked. </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures are not placed in the landscape; rather the landscape is the very means of their creation. </li></ul><ul><li>The works frequently exist in the open, located well away from civilization, left to change and erosion under natural conditions. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Land Art <ul><li>Many of the first works, created in the deserts of Nevada, New Mexico, Utah or Arizona were ephemeral in nature and now only exist as video recordings or photographic documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Artist belonging to this group are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>De Maria, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heizer and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goldsworthy </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Land Art Goldsworthy De Maria
  21. 21. Arte Povera <ul><li>The term 'Arte Povera' was introduced in 1967. </li></ul><ul><li>It provided a collective identity for a number of young Italian artists. </li></ul><ul><li>They were working in radically new ways, breaking with the past and entering a challenging dialogue with trends in Europe and America. </li></ul><ul><li>As the Italian miracle of the post-war years collapsed into a chaos of economic and political instability, Arte Povera erupted from within a network of urban cultural activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Arte Povera described a process of open-ended experimentation. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Arte Povera <ul><li>In the wake of the iconoclastic artistic innovations of Italian precursors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucio Fontana and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Piero Manzoni, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>artists were able to begin from a zero point, working outside formal limitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Arte Povera therefore denotes not an impoverished art, but an art made without restraints, a laboratory situation in which a theoretical basis was rejected in favour of a complete openness towards materials and processes. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Arte Povera <ul><li>Working ways: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>painted, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sculpted, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>took photographs and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>made performances and installations, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Works: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>immense physical presence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>small-scale, ephemeral gestures. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Materials: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ancient and modern, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>man-made and 'raw', revealing the elemental forces locked within them as well as the fields of energy that surround us. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Members of this group are Anselmo, Pistoletto and Metz </li></ul>
  24. 24. Art Povera Anselmo Pistoleto Mario Metz
  25. 25. Minimalism <ul><li>Minimal Art emerged as a movement in the 1950s and continued through the Sixties and Seventies. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a term used to describe paintings and sculpture that thrive on simplicity in both content and form, and seek to remove any sign of personal expressivities. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim of Minimalism is to allow the viewer to experience the work more intensely without the distractions of composition, theme and so on. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Minimalism <ul><li>From the 1920s artists such as Malevich and Duchamp produced works in the Minimalist vein. </li></ul><ul><li>The movement is known chiefly by its American exponents such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dan Flavin, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carl Andre, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ellsworth Kelly and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donald Judd </li></ul></ul><ul><li>who reacted against Abstract Expressionism in their stark canvases, sculptures and installations. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Minimalism <ul><li>Minimal Art is related to a number of other movements such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conceptual Art in the way the finished work exists merely to convey a theory, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop Art in their shared fascination with the impersonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and Land Art in the construction of simple shapes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minimal Art proved highly successful and has been enormously influential on the development of art in the 20th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Representative artists are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frank Stella and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ellsword Kelly . </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Minimalism Judd Frank Stella Ellsworth Kelly