Baroque architecture

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New version of Baroque but with images.

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Baroque architecture

  1. 1. BAROQUE ARCHITECTURE Revision
  2. 2. Cronology and geography • From the end of 16th century until 1750. • Geography: whole Europe+ America. • Characteristics of the period: – – – – Religious and political conflicts Geographical colonization Scientific development New astrological discoveries Sun centre of Universe
  3. 3. Baroque Style • The word means imperfection • New naturalism that reflects the scientific advances • Taste for dramatic action and emotion: – – – – – Colour and light contrasted Rich textures Asymmetrical spaces Diagonal plans New subjects: landscape, genre, still-life
  4. 4. Baroque Style • Variety within the style • Art at the service of power • Two main centres: – Rome: Pope’s authority – France: powerful monarchy • Influence of the Counter-Reform • Worry about plastic values
  5. 5. Architecture: Characteristics • Long narrow naves replaced by broader or circular forms • Dramatic use of light
  6. 6. Architecture: Characteristics • Dramatic use of light • Large-scale ceiling frescoes
  7. 7. Architecture: Characteristics • Large-scale ceiling frescoes • Interior a shell for painting and sculpture
  8. 8. Architecture: Characteristics • Illusory effects • Ekialdeko Europan tipula-kupulak
  9. 9. Architecture: Italy • They evolved from the Renaissance forms • Movement toward grand structures with flowing, curving shapes • Landscape was frequently incorporated • New elements as gardens, squares , courtyards and fountains. • Influence of the rebuilding of Saint Peter, in which classical forms integrated with the city.
  10. 10. Architecture: Italy • Maderno – He made the Vatican’s façade – His work destroyed partially Michelangelo’s design – His work combined the dome with the creation of an space where the Pope could appear publicaly – Other works: • Santa maria della Vittoria • Palazzo Barberini
  11. 11. Vaticano’s façade Santa Maria della Vittoria Palazzo Barberini
  12. 12. Architecture: Italy • Longhena – He worked mainly in Venice – His design was selected for building Santa Maria della Salute – It is building of central plan with a great dome that became the symbol of Venice.
  13. 13. Santa Maria of Nazaret Santa Maria della Salute Ca’ Rezzonico
  14. 14. Architecture: Italy • Bernini – He created a fusion of architecture, painting and sculpture – He used false perspective and trompe-l’ oeil to impact – He used a palace façade that became a model with massive pilasters above a rusticated base. – Works: • Saint Peter’s square • Baldaquin
  15. 15. San Peter’s colomnade San Pete’r Baldaquine
  16. 16. Architecture: Italy • Borromini – His works spring from the contrast between convention and freedom – He used tradition as a basis, but not as a law – Works: • San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane • San Carlo Borromeo • Oratorio degli Fillipenses
  17. 17. San Ivo’s dome San Carlo alle quattro fontane
  18. 18. Palacio Spada (trompe l’oeil) Oratorio degli Filipensi Stairs
  19. 19. Architecture: France • It was elegant, ordered, rational and restraided • It is a rectilinear model, closer to classicism • It aimed at showing the power of Louis XIV monarchy. • The main works are: – Louvre: Le Vau and Perrault – Versailles: Le Brun, Le Vau, Le Notre
  20. 20. Louvre palace
  21. 21. Versailles palace
  22. 22. Architecture: Central Europe • It began later due to the Thirty Years’ War • Austria developed the Imperial style with Fischer von Erlach and Hildebrandt • In Germany, in the Catholic South Jesuit models were followed while in the Protestant North works were less important • Palace architecture was important in the whole area
  23. 23. Fisher von Erlach: Karlskirtche and Schönbrunn Hildebrandt: Belvedere palace
  24. 24. Architecture: England and Russia • In England is important Wren • Baroque was the style used to design town planning • In Russia it is very decorative, in quite traditional churches sometimes made of brick; later it was imported from the Low Countries and finally it became an extravagant art.
  25. 25. Wren: Cambridge Emmanuel chapel Wren: San Paul Cambridge library
  26. 26. Architecture: Spain • At the beginning it continued the pattern of the Escorial • Decoration tends to concentrate just in the façade • The Rococo was the time of the development of the Churrigueresque style, with exaggerated decoration around the door • The Plateresque (last Renaissance that imitates the work on silver) and the Churrigueresque were exported to America, mainly to Mexico.
  27. 27. Alberto Churriguera: Salamanca’s main square Jose Benito Churriguera: Salamanca’s San Esteban convent altarpiece
  28. 28. Rococo • French style for interior decoration • It developped mainly at the end of 1720 • It was used in other countries as a French Style • Characteristics: – Galante: luxurious things – Contraste: asymmety – Chinoiserie: exotic character imitating Chinese arts
  29. 29. Rococo Architecture • • • • • • • • • It caught the public taste Small and curious buildings Elegant parlours, dainty sitting-rooms and boudoirs Walls, ceiling, furniture and works of metal as decoration Ensemble of sportive, fantastic and sculptured forms Horizontal lines almost completely supressed Shell-like curves Walls covered by stucco White and bright colours.

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