While Rodin was still being the most famous sculptor of the moment, a number of progressive younger artists were calling his art in question.
The academic and official style was firmly founded in middle-class taste and Rodin’s works belonged to it but, at the same time, his pathos style and the literary nature of his bronzes were making a way for other principles.
Marcel Duchamp was a middling painter with an ingenious turn of mind that has made him one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.
After the first experiments of Cubism and Futurism, he took the front fork of a bicycle with its wheel, set it upside down on a studio stool and signed this object construction with his name as a work of art.
This new concept of art was promptly taken over by individual artists in other countries.