Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Architecture and Avant-Garde
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Architecture and Avant-Garde


Published on

Revision on some Avant-Garde movements and their architecture

Revision on some Avant-Garde movements and their architecture

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Architecture and Avant-Garde Revision
  • 2. Introduction
    • During the 20th century some avant-garde movements had their expression in architecture.
    • In general, these styles are influenced by the Bauhaus, and they are contemporary of it.
    • These avant-garde architectonical experienced are linked to
      • De Stijl or Neoplasticism (Netherlands)
      • Russian Constructivism.
  • 3. De Stijl
    • A ssociated with three important figures :
      • the painters Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg, and
      • the architect and furniture-maker Gerrit Rietveld
    • De Stijl (or “the style”) was perhaps first developed in Mondrian’s post-Cubist paintings, which consist largely of broken horizontal and vertical lines.
    • These works evolved into more spare geometric compositions of orthogonal elements, which are rendered in primary colors set against a white field.
  • 4. De Stijl
    • In 1917, Rietveld created the canonical “Red/Blue Chair” and projected the Neo-Plastic aesthetic into three dimensions.
    • Van Doesburg taught, for a time, at the Bauhaus, enabling him to widen the De Stijl circle to artists as the Russian El Lissitzky under whose influence, Van Doesberg began “to project, as axonometric drawings, a series of hypothetical architectural constructs
    • These buildings compris e an asymmetrical cluster of articulated planar elements suspended in space about a volumetric center.”
  • 5. De Stijl architecture: Characteristics
    • The characteristics of this architecture were established by van Doesburg:
      • the form does not imitate any other style;
      • especial attention is given to plastic elements, in addition to function, mass, surface, time, space, light, colour and material;
      • it is an economic and functional architecture;
      • it does not have any form following fixed styles and the building is not monumental, but a form open to the space through windows;
      • the ground-plan is essential but in this the walls are not closed even if they support punctually the building;
  • 6. De Stijl architecture: Characteristics
      • it is an open architecture in which space and time are considered;
      • it is anti-cubic and surfaces follow a centrifugal trend at the same time that symmetry and repetition are eliminated;
      • there is not a clear front in the building and colour is included as a plastic value but, in general, it is a non decorate architecture that aims to be a synthesis of the Neo-Plasticism
      • It uses the same primary colours that appear in Mondrian’s paintings
  • 7. De Stijl
    • The universalizing tendency of the De Stijl soon gave way to the broader, more objective concerns of the Modern movement.
    • The project of De Stijl became, through necessity and evolution, a broader trajectory dedicated to social concerns and conditions.
    • The desire to create architecture for the people through means of production, rather than an architecture simply guided by aesthetic concerns, became a rallying cry of a broader European Modernism.
  • 8. Russian Constructivism
    • Russian Constructivism was a movement that was active from 1913 to the 1940s.
    • It was created by the Russian avant-garde, but quickly spread to the rest of the continent.
    • Constructivist art is committed to complete abstraction with a devotion to modernity, where themes are often geometric, experimental and rarely emotional.
    • Objective forms carrying universal meaning were far more suitable to the movement than subjective or individualistic forms.
  • 9. Russian Constructivism
    • Constructivist themes are also quite minimal, where the artwork is broken down to its most basic elements.
    • New media was often used in the creation of works, which helped to create a style of art that was orderly.
    • An art of order was desirable at the time because it was just after WWI that the movement arose, which suggested a need for understanding, unity and peace.
  • 10. Russian Constructivism
    • Famous artists of the Constructivist movement include Vladimir Tatlin, Kasimir Malevich, Alexandra Exter, Robert Adams, and El Lissitzky.
    • Tatlin's most famous piece remains his "Monument to the Third International" (1919-20, Moscow), a 22-ft-high (6.7-m) iron frame on which rested a revolving cylinder, cube, and cone, all made of glass which was originally designed for massive scale.
  • 11. Russian Constructivism
    • After the 1917 Revolution, Tatlin (considered the father of Russian Constructivism) worked for the new Soviet Education Commissariate which used artists and art to educate the public.
    • During this period, he developed an officially authorized art form which utilized 'real materials in real space'.
    • His project for a Monument of the Third International marked his first foray into architecture and became a symbol for Russian avant-garde architecture and International Modernism.