Chapter 8 Ppt (Mhf)

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Chapter 8 Ppt (Mhf)

  1. 1. Chapter 8Digestive System<br />Meredith Freeman<br />
  2. 2. A common procedure that allows a flexible fiberscope to pass through the anus, rectum, and colon to view the upper region of the colon.<br />Polyps and small growths can be removed at this time.<br />Important procedure for the prevention and early detection of colon cancer and screen for any other colorectal abnormalities.<br />Colonoscopy<br />
  3. 3. Why Should I Have a Colonoscopy?<br />If the following are not risk factors, the suggested age in which to have regular screenings is 50<br />Family history of colon cancer<br />Irritable Bowl Syndrome<br />Unexplained bleeding or dark stool<br />Chronic diarrhea<br />Iron deficiency anemia <br />Sudden, unexplained weight loss<br />
  4. 4. A laboratory test that can determine if microscopic blood is present in stool.<br />Used in conjunction with colonoscopy to test for colorectal cancer and other conditions that affect the colon and anus.<br />Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)<br />
  5. 5. Anal Fissures <br />Colon Polyps<br />Crohn’s Disease<br />Gastroesophageal reflux disease<br />Peptic Ulcers<br />Hemmorroids<br />Ulcerative colitis<br />Conditions That Can Cause Blood To Be Found In Stool<br />
  6. 6. Also known as a barium enema exam.<br />An x-ray image of the colon and the rectum is taken after administering a rodiopaque dye called barium to reveal structural abnormalities of the large intestine.<br />Lower Gastrointestinal Series<br />
  7. 7. To identify inflammation in the intestinal walls that could be due to ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s Disease<br />Evaluate a person who has unexplained weight loss or anemia<br />Detect structural abnormalities such as diverticula (pockets or sacs) or narrowed areas in the intestinal wall. <br />Why Would I Receive a Barium Enema?<br />
  8. 8. The surgical creation of an opening from a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside surface.<br />The fecal matter is drained into a bag that is worn on the abdomen.<br />Due to colon cancer, injury to the colon, diverticulitis, or feces can no longer exit through the anus. <br />Colosotomy<br />
  9. 9. The surgical removal of all or part of the colon.<br />Performed to remove colon cancer lesions.<br />Also, if non-surgical methods fail, a colectomy is performed to treat diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, and benign polyps.<br />Colectomy<br />

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