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Chapter 8 Ppt (Mhf)

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 8Digestive System
    Meredith Freeman
  • 2. A common procedure that allows a flexible fiberscope to pass through the anus, rectum, and colon to view the upper region of the colon.
    Polyps and small growths can be removed at this time.
    Important procedure for the prevention and early detection of colon cancer and screen for any other colorectal abnormalities.
    Colonoscopy
  • 3. Why Should I Have a Colonoscopy?
    If the following are not risk factors, the suggested age in which to have regular screenings is 50
    Family history of colon cancer
    Irritable Bowl Syndrome
    Unexplained bleeding or dark stool
    Chronic diarrhea
    Iron deficiency anemia
    Sudden, unexplained weight loss
  • 4. A laboratory test that can determine if microscopic blood is present in stool.
    Used in conjunction with colonoscopy to test for colorectal cancer and other conditions that affect the colon and anus.
    Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)
  • 5. Anal Fissures
    Colon Polyps
    Crohn’s Disease
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    Peptic Ulcers
    Hemmorroids
    Ulcerative colitis
    Conditions That Can Cause Blood To Be Found In Stool
  • 6. Also known as a barium enema exam.
    An x-ray image of the colon and the rectum is taken after administering a rodiopaque dye called barium to reveal structural abnormalities of the large intestine.
    Lower Gastrointestinal Series
  • 7. To identify inflammation in the intestinal walls that could be due to ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s Disease
    Evaluate a person who has unexplained weight loss or anemia
    Detect structural abnormalities such as diverticula (pockets or sacs) or narrowed areas in the intestinal wall.
    Why Would I Receive a Barium Enema?
  • 8. The surgical creation of an opening from a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside surface.
    The fecal matter is drained into a bag that is worn on the abdomen.
    Due to colon cancer, injury to the colon, diverticulitis, or feces can no longer exit through the anus.
    Colosotomy
  • 9. The surgical removal of all or part of the colon.
    Performed to remove colon cancer lesions.
    Also, if non-surgical methods fail, a colectomy is performed to treat diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, and benign polyps.
    Colectomy